Fighting hard to retain youthfulness and prevent signs of premature ageing? An extract from the maple tree leaves may help prevent wrinkles, suggests a study.
Maple trees are best known for their maple syrup and lovely fall foliage. But it turns out that the beauty of those leaves could be skin-deep, the researchers said.
The findings showed that extracts from summer or fall red maple leaves formulated into a powder could be incorporated in skincare products to prevent wrinkles.
“You could imagine that these extracts might tighten up human skin like a plant-based Botox, though they would be a topical application, not an injected toxin,” said Navindra P. Seeram, principal investigator from the University of Rhode Island in the US.
Skin elasticity is maintained by proteins such as elastin. Wrinkles form when the enzyme elastase breaks down elastin in the skin as part of the ageing process.
“We wanted to see whether leaf extracts from red maple trees could block the activity of elastase,” said Hang Ma from the varsity.
The researchers zeroed in on phenolic compounds in the leaves known as glucitol-core-containing gallotannins (GCGs) and examined each compound’s ability to inhibit elastase activity in a test tube.
They found that GCGs containing multiple galloyl groups (a type of phenolic group) were more effective than those with a single galloyl group.
But these compounds can do more than interfere with elastase. In a previous study, Seeram had shown that these same GCGs might be able to protect skin from inflammation and lighten dark spots, such as unwanted freckles or age spots.
And the fact that the extracts are derived from trees would be appreciated by consumers who are looking for natural, plant-based ingredients in their skincare products, the researchers said.
The results were presented at the 256th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS). (IANS)
Yoga face toning may take over botox and face lifting procedures.
27 participants noted changes in their faces after weeks of this experiment.
It is still a matter of discussion if this method can reverse ageing or not.
In his toolbox of Botox, fillers and plastic surgery, cosmetic dermatologist Dr Murad Alam has added a new, low-cost, noninvasive anti-ageing treatment: facial yoga.
Dermatologists measured improvements in the appearance of the faces of a small group of middle-aged women after they did half an hour of daily face-toning exercises for eight weeks, followed by alternate-day exercises for another 12 weeks.
The results surprised lead author Alam, vice chair and professor of dermatology at Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago.
“In fact, the results were stronger than I expected,” he said in a phone interview. “It’s really a win-win for patients.”
Participants included 27 women between 40 and 65, though only 16 completed the full course. It began with two 90-minute muscle-resistant facial exercise-training sessions led by co-author Gary Sikorski of Happy Face Yoga in Providence, Rhode Island.
Participants learned to perform cheek pushups and eye-bag removers, among other exercises. Then they practised at home.
Dermatologists looking at unmarked before-and-after photos saw improvements in upper cheek and lower cheek fullness, and they estimated the average age of women who stuck with the program as significantly younger at the end than at the start.
The average estimated age dropped almost three years, from nearly 51 years to 48 years.
Participants also rated themselves as more satisfied with the appearance of their faces at the study’s end, Alam and colleagues reported in JAMA Dermatology.
“Now there is some evidence that facial exercises may improve facial appearance and reduce some visible signs of ageing,” Alam said. “Assuming the findings are confirmed in a larger study, individuals now have a low-cost, non-toxic way of looking younger or augmenting other cosmetic or anti-ageing treatments they may be seeking.”
The exercises enlarge and strengthen facial muscles to firm and tone the face, giving it a younger appearance, he said.
Happy Face sells instructional worksheets — promising smoother skin, firmed cheeks and raised eyelids — for $19.95. DVDs cost $24.95.
But not all dermatologists are rushing to promote the videos or the exercises.
Dr John Chi, a plastic surgeon and professor at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri, said the study raises more questions than it answers.
“The jury is still out on whether or not facial yoga is effective in reversing the signs of ageing,” he said in an email.
Chi, who was not involved with the study, said he would recommend facial yoga to patients who found it relaxing and enjoyable but not for the purpose of facial rejuvenation.
“While the premise of facial exercises to improve the facial appearance or reverse signs of ageing is an appealing one, there is little evidence to suggest that there is any benefit in this regard,” he said.
Chi said facial yoga had not been rigorously examined in peer-reviewed scientific studies. Asked whether procedures such as face-lifts, Botox and fillers had been rigorously examined in peer-reviewed studies, he replied: “Great question. Attempts to do so have been made in the scientific literature with variable levels of scientific rigour.”
Alam agrees that his study raises additional research questions, such as whether the exercises would work for men and how much time people need to commit to doing the exercises for them to be optimally effective. He would like to see a larger study. VOA
* Plan well ahead of time: You need to give your face and yourself at least six to eight weeks before you make your first appearance this wedding season. Whether it is a laser procedure, botox or filler that you need, don’t leave it to the last moment. It takes a couple of weeks or more for the procedure to give you optimal outcome.
* Treatments to consider: Dermabrasion, micro dermabrasion, facelift, eyelifts, laser skin resurfacing, photo rejuvenation, thermage, botox or filler, liposculpturing: and lip fillers.
* Carefully plan home skincare routine: Once you have gotten the procedure of your choice done, it becomes important to know about the after care for your skin. Take advice from your doctor and make sure that you exfoliate, moisturize and protect your skin from any infections by keeping it clean. (IANS)
November 23, 2016: Plastic surgery involves correction of body abnormalities. These abnormalities can be caused by a health condition or an accident or can be a birth defect. These can be functional, aesthetic or both.
It has two branches, reconstructive plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive plastic surgery deals with the improvement of body functions whereas Cosmetic surgery deals with the improvement of aesthetic appearance.
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While both the branches deal with the improvement of the patient’s body, the research, training and outcomes are different. The cosmetic surgery focuses only on the appearance. It improves the aesthetic appeal, proportion and symmetry. It can be performed on any part of the body.
Plastic surgery is dedicated to the facial and body reconstruction. It corrects dysfunctional areas of the body which are affected due to burns, diseases or birth disorders.
According to a report, between 2009 and 2010, Americans spent more on cosmetic procedures than on food, housing, clothes and entertainment. There have been many reasons for this increase in spending on cosmetic surgery.
People believe that looking younger will help them stay competitive in their fields. They see these surgeries as an investment in their careers. So, they are not afraid to spend a fortune on getting a nose job. Also, availability of various financing options has allowed more people, who otherwise wouldn’t have been able to afford it, undergo these procedures.
Cosmetic industries are coming up with new marketing strategies. People can get deals on few procedures or attend a Botox party with friends.
Also, more people have started to accept cosmetic surgeries. In a survey, 69% of the people of age 18 – 24 years approved of cosmetic surgeries.
According to ASPS’s (American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery) procedural statistics of 2014, the number of men undergoing the cosmetic procedures is continuously on the rise.
“Male plastic surgery rates have significantly increased since 2000 and the notion that cosmetic procedures are just for women no longer exists,” said ASPS President Scot Glasberg, MD. “Men are seeking to regain a more youthful look, improve their self-image and feel better about their appearance. It is great that plastic surgeons have procedures to meet and often exceed their expectations.”
The top male based procedures are Pectoral implants and male breast reductions.
The medical advancements have increased the demand of the cosmetic surgeries. Now, the patients have a wider range of options. Patients are now able to work more closely with their surgeons to decide the appropriate procedure that gives optimal results.
Today, a great number of surgery procedures are carried out in doctors’ offices and surgical centres as opposed to procedures. People have started experimenting more. This has increased the risk of infectious and anaesthetic reactions, bleeding, salt and fluid imbalance, which are rare but fatal.
Furthermore, some practitioners perform procedures without adequate training just to augment their income. Practitioners need to complete 5 years of residency training and receive the certification from the American Board of Plastic Surgery.
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The death of Olivia Goldsmith, author of First Wives Club, has increased public awareness regarding the risks involved in cosmetic surgeries.
It is essential to comprehend the reason before getting the surgery so that you end up with what you have hoped for. After all, getting a cosmetic surgery is not similar to getting a facial wrap.