Wednesday December 12, 2018

Marijuana users may develop prediabetes: Study

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New York:  Everything that is green is not healthy! Marijuana users are more likely to have prediabetes – the state of poor blood sugar control that can progress to Type-2 diabetes – than those who have never used the drug, new research has found.

The findings suggest that marijuana use may adversely affect a person’s metabolic health in the long term.

“Marijuana use was associated with the development and prevalence of prediabetes,” said the study led by Mike Bancks from University of Minnesota School of Public Health in Minneapolis, US.

To determine marijuana use and presence of prediabetes and diabetes, the researchers used data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study that began in 1985-1986 with over 5,000 individuals aged 18-30 years.

The participants are now in their 30th year of observation.

The percentage of individuals who self-reported current use of marijuana declined over follow-up, from 28 percent in 1985-1986 to 12 percent in 2010-2011.

After adjustment for behavioural/lifestyle and physiological characteristics, there was a 65 percent increased odds of currently having prediabetes in individuals who reported current use of marijuana than those who reported never using marijuana.

“It is unclear how marijuana use could place an individual at increased risk for prediabetes yet not diabetes,” the authors said.

But they suggest that it could be because individuals excluded from the study generally had higher levels of marijuana use and greater potential for development of diabetes.

Another explanation could be that marijuana may have a greater effect on blood sugar control in the prediabetic range than for full blown Type-2 diabetes, when other traditional diabetes risk factor levels are exceedingly less favourable, the study said.

The research was published in the journal Diabetologia.

With inputs from IANS

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Apple Moves up in The List of Top-Rated Employers

Facebook investors have increased pressure on Chairman and CEO Mark Zuckerberg to step down after a New York Times investigation suggested that the social network hired a Republican-owned political consulting and PR firm that "dug up dirt on its competitors"

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Apple
Facebook no longer best place to work in US, Apple gains ground.

Hit by users’ data scandals amid falling stocks this year, Facebook has lost the tag of best place to work in the US while Apple has moved up in the list of top-rated employers.

According to the leading job website Glassdoor’s annual “100 Best Places to Work in the US” list that came out on Wednesday, Boston-based management consulting firm Bain & Co. has been ranked No 1.

Facebook is now ranked No 7 — scoring 4.5 out of a perfect 5.

Apple moved up from No 84 to 71 with a score of 4.3. Microsoft moved up from No 39 to 34 as its score dropped from 4.4 to 4.3.

Microsoft-owned LinkedIn, however, is at sixth place with a score of 4.5, read the information on the Glassdoor website.

While Facebook was the best place to work in America last year, Cupertino-based tech giant Apple had tumbled to number 84 in 2017 from its 36th position in 2016.

Amazon didn’t even make it to the list, with an award score of 4.1, just outside of the top 100.

Apple, on the other hand, moved up in the ranking, from No. 84 to 71, though it maintained the same score of 4.3. Microsoft moved up in ranking from No. 39 to 34 on the list although their award score dropped from 4.4 to 4.3. Google was 8th while Salesforce came 11th.

Facebook
Facebook, social media. Pixabay

The Top-100 list by Glassdoor is for large organisations or those with at least 1,000 employees.

The Glassdoor list came at a time when media reports said several Facebook employees are looking for better opportunities as scrutiny of the company’s conduct rises following several cases of data leak and as its stock price take a beating.

According to a CNBC report earlier this week, Facebook employees are contacting former colleagues to look for jobs outside the company.

According to a report in the Wall Street Journal last month citing an internal survey at Facebook, just over half of Facebook employees (52 per cent) said they were optimistic about the future of the social networking platform — down by 32 per cent last year.

Also Read- U.S. President Donald Trump’s Take on Climate Change

Only 53 per cent of Facebook employees said the company was making the world better, which is 19 per cent lower than last year.

According to the report, Facebook’s “difficult year is taking a toll on employee morale, with several key measures of internal sentiment taking a sharp turn for the worse over the past year”.

Facebook investors have increased pressure on Chairman and CEO Mark Zuckerberg to step down after a New York Times investigation suggested that the social network hired a Republican-owned political consulting and PR firm that “dug up dirt on its competitors”.

Zuckerberg, however, has refused to quit. (IANS)