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To Meet Increasing Demand Africa Needs to Quadruple Energy Investments

Africa's overall population is set to exceed 2 billion before 2040, accounting for half of the global increase over that period

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Africa, Energy, Investments
The number of people living in Africa's cities is expected to expand by 600 million over the next two decades, much higher than the increase experienced by China's cities during the country's 20-year economic and energy boom. Pixabay

Africa is set to become increasingly influential in shaping global energy trends over the next two decades as it undergoes the largest process of urbanisation the world has ever seen, a new report from the International Energy Agency (IEA) said on Friday.

‘Africa Energy Outlook 2019’, a special in-depth study, finds that current policy and investment plans in African countries are not enough to meet the energy needs of the continent’s young and rapidly growing population.

Today, 600 million people in Africa do not have access to electricity and 900 million lack access to clean cooking facilities.

The number of people living in Africa’s cities is expected to expand by 600 million over the next two decades, much higher than the increase experienced by China’s cities during the country’s 20-year economic and energy boom.

Africa, Energy, Investments
‘Africa Energy Outlook 2019’, a special in-depth study, finds that current policy and investment plans in African countries are not enough to meet the energy needs of the continent’s young and rapidly growing population. Pixabay

Africa’s overall population is set to exceed 2 billion before 2040, accounting for half of the global increase over that period.

These profound changes will drive the continent’s economic growth, infrastructure development and, in turn, energy demand, which is projected to rise 60 per cent to around 1,320 million tonnes of oil equivalent in 2040, based on current policies and plans.

The new report is the IEA’s most comprehensive and detailed work to date on energy across the African continent, with a particular emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa.

It includes detailed energy profiles of 11 countries that represent three-quarters of the region’s gross domestic product and energy demand, including Nigeria, South Africa, Ethiopia, Kenya and Ghana.

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The report makes clear that Africa’s energy future is not predetermined.

Current plans would leave 530 million people on the continent still without access to electricity in 2030, falling well short of universal access, a major development goal.

But with the right policies, it could reach that target while also becoming the first continent to develop its economy mainly through the use of modern energy sources.

Drawing on rich natural resources and advances in technology, the continent could by 2040 meet the energy demands of an economy four times larger than today’s with only 50 per cent more energy.

Africa, Energy, Investments
Today, 600 million people in Africa do not have access to electricity and 900 million lack access to clean cooking facilities. Pixabay

“Africa has a unique opportunity to pursue a much less carbon-intensive development path than many other parts of the world,” IEA’s Executive Director Fatih Birol said.

“To achieve this, it has to take advantage of the huge potential that solar, wind, hydropower, natural gas and energy efficiency offer. For example, Africa has the richest solar resources on the planet, but has so far installed only 5 gigawatts of solar photovoltaics (PV), which is less than one per cent of global capacity.”

If policy makers put a strong emphasis on clean energy technologies, solar Photovoltaic (PV) could become the continent’s largest electricity source in terms of installed capacity by 2040.

Natural gas, meanwhile, is likely to correspond well with Africa’s industrial growth drive and need for flexible electricity supply.

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Today, the share of gas in sub-Saharan Africa’s energy mix is the lowest of any region in the world.

But that could be about to change, especially considering the supplies Africa has at its disposal — it is home to more than 40 per cent of global gas discoveries so far this decade, notably in Egypt, Mozambique and Tanzania.

Africa’s natural resources aren’t limited to sunshine and other energy sources. It also possesses major reserves of minerals such as cobalt and platinum that are needed in fast-growing clean energy industries.

“Africa holds the key for global energy transitions, as it is the continent with the most important ingredients for producing critical technologies,” Birol said.

African countries are on the front line when it comes to climate change, meaning the continent’s energy infrastructure planning must be climate resilient.

“Even though Africa has produced only around two per cent of the world’s energy related CO2 emissions to date, its ecosystems already suffer disproportionately from the effects of a changing climate,” Birol added. (IANS)

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What Is So Special About the African Jungle Safari?

Once you are in the middle of several wild animals experiencing an African jungle safari, you'll know why they call this a once-in-a-lifetime experience

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Safari
There are specific areas in Africa where you can take an African jungle Safari and view a natural ecosystem that is constantly in motion. Pixabay

It’s not surprising that Africa is one of the top spots to travel to when you want to experience something unusual in your life as it is known for its large mammals and massive bird population. By visiting the continent, you can experience breathtaking views of wild animals in their natural environment. Whether you’re traveling by night, on a walking African jungle safari or viewing the area by plane, you’ll probably feel like this is a once-in-a-lifetime experience after visiting certain areas of Africa.

What Is Special About an African Jungle Safari?

There are specific areas in Africa where you can take an African jungle Safari and view a natural ecosystem that is constantly in motion. You can see animals that range from elephants and giraffes to lions and zebra. Certain areas offer a viewpoint of amazing wildlife throughout the year with certain times highlighting special events such as the annual wildebeest migration where close to 1.5 million wildebeest, 300,000 gazelles and 200,000 zebra trek across the dusty plains in search of greener pastures.

Get in Touch With Nature

Going on an African jungle safari allows you to get in touch with nature. You can hear hyenas cackling as they look for food or watch elephants trample across trails that are hundreds of years old. You’ll also see rhinos, hippos and cheetahs sitting in the sun or refreshing themselves in one of the flowing rivers. Not mention, there is magnificent scenery to see just about everywhere.

Safari
During Safari, You can see animals that range from elephants and giraffes to lions and zebra. Certain areas offer a viewpoint of amazing wildlife throughout the year with certain times highlighting special events. Pixabay

Wide Range of Accommodations Are Available

If you’re looking for a place to stay when you visit Africa, you’ll find everything from luxury lodges to public campsites. The Central Serengeti region hosts the largest variety of accommodations to choose from. It’s important to book your accommodations well in advance of your trip, especially if you’re going to be traveling during peak season. If you decide to stay in public campsites, you usually won’t need to make a reservation in advance. The cost for these campsites typically ranges between about $30-$50 for an adult, but if you’re on your trip and run short of cash, you can have a relative or friend send money to Africa to tide you over during your trip.

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Once in a Lifetime Experience

Once you are in the middle of several wild animals experiencing an African jungle safari, you’ll know why they call this a once-in-a-lifetime experience. At any given time you might see giraffes loping along or monkeys shuffling around in trees. If you get a chance, try and go when The Great Migration is occurring as it can be a truly spectacular sight to see. When it’s the wet season in the Serengeti, the animals will be traveling towards the south, which is from December to June. After temperatures rise and dry out the area, the migration will move towards greener pastures. Most African jungle Safari guides will know where the animals are located. It’s also possible to travel through the area and see the animals by driving your own vehicle.