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History Of Metro Rail In India

Starting with underground railway system in Kolkata the metro rail has come a long way

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By Ruchika Verma 

  • Metro Rails are one of the easiest and most comfortable ways of commuting
  • Starting with underground railway system in Kolkata the metro rail has come a long way
  • Delhi Metro was the first modern metro rail in India

Railways are definitely one of the largest and most convenient forms of transportation. And metro rail is more than convenient, it is the lifeline of most of the metropolitan cities in India.

Metro is one of the easiest way of commuting. Pixabay
Metro is one of the easiest ways of commuting. Pixabay

Metro has made everyday commute very easy for people. It is time-saving, cost-effective and most of all, convenient and comfortable. However, what really is the history of metro rail in India? When did it start and where was the first metro in India started?

Wherever Metro is available, people are using it to its fullest. It is natural to be curious about its history too, here is a brief history of metro in India.

The First Metro in India

Delhi may be the first city where modern metro rail system was introduced, but it is not the first city which saw the first metro system in India.

The first metro rail in India was introduced in kolkata. www.railnews.co.in
The first metro rail in India was introduced in Kolkata. www.railnews.co.in

The first metro system was introduced in Kolkata and it completely an underground one. The idea of an underground railway system was conceived by the then Chief Miniter of West Bengal, Bidhan Chandra Roy in the 1950s. The first Kolkata Metro was run on run on 24 October 1984 between Dam Dam to Tollygunge. And since then many plans have laid out and carried out successfully to expand the metro rail system in Kolkata.

Also Read: 10 llittle-knownfacts about Delhi Metro which makes it distinct

How The Other Cities Followed

The history of metro in India may have started in Kolkata. But the modern metro rail history in India definitely starts with Delhi. When one is talking about the history of Metro, one of the most prominent names which come to our mind is, Elattuvalapil Sreedharan, also popularly known as the ‘Metro Man’. He was the mastermind behind the Delhi Metro. The popularity of metro rail system in India is all a fruit of his hard work, efforts and dedication.

Delhi Metro is undoubtedly the lifeline of Delhi and is also a benchmark in the history of metro in India. Wikimedia Commons
Delhi Metro is undoubtedly the lifeline of Delhi and is also a benchmark in the history of Metro in India. Wikimedia Commons

The first metro in Delhi was run in 2002, which was the Red Line. After it, the Rapid Metro Rail Gurgaon started in November 2013. It was India’s first privately owned & operated metro.

Metro rail in India uses both standard gauges and broad gauges.  Delhi Metro used broad gauge for their earliest lines, but the new metros in other states like Mumbai Metro and Bangalore Metro as well are using the standard gauge.

The metro systems are now also developed in Jaipur, Hyderabad and Chennai. Soon, the metro will also be functional in Lucknow.

Also Read: ‘Delhi Metro Cruelly Killed my ‘Achhe Din” : Here is why Passengers are dumping the popular mode of travel

Metro was introduced in Mumbai in the year 2014.
Metro was introduced in Mumbai in the year 2014.

Metro has come a long way and has even a longer way to go. The developments are going at a fast pace and without a doubt, new and better technologies are in store for all of us in India.

Next Story

Delhi Metro Partners Uber for Last-mile Connectivity: Report

Upon selecting the public transport feature, riders will be able to see the fastest and cheapest routes, real-time schedules, as well as departure time for public transportation, including Metro and buses and walking directions, to and from nearby Metro stations and bus stops

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Uber, bengaluru
Photo shows an exterior view of the headquarters of Uber in San Francisco. (VOA)

Hiring a cab from a Metro station in Delhi is set to become a lot more easier as ride hailing major Uber on Tuesday announced it has won a competitive bid to expand its operations across 210 Delhi Metro stations.

Under the partnership to improve first and last-mile connectivity for users, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) will provide Uber dedicated pick up and drop points.

Talking to reporters, DMRC Managing Director Mangu Singh said that a pilot is being run at about four stations and the facility will eventually be made available in 210 of 274 Metro stations.

“Research has shown that integrating on-demand services with public transport is beneficial for riders,” Singh said at an even which saw Uber launching its “public transport” service in Delhi, making it the ninth city globally and first in Asia to have such a feature.

“This new initiative integrating public transport with mobility operators like Uber will certainly boost first and last mile connectivity solutions for around six million passenger journeys performed in the system daily,” Singh said.

“DMRC has partnered with on-demand mobility operators like Uber to enhance their commuting experience with seamless last mile connectivity,” he said.

Uber app.

Uber said it launched the “public transport” journey planning feature for Uber riders across New Delhi to make travel easier with the information riders need to make the smartest possible journey choices.

“We want to be the operating system of your everyday life. We want to replace your car with your phone,” Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi told reporters here.

“India is core to Uber’s growth strategy for the next 5-10 years,” he added.

Riders will see “Public Transport” as an option alongside UberGo, Premier and Pool after opening the Uber app and entering a destination.

Also Read: Zomato Aims to Serve 20 Crore People in India

Upon selecting the public transport feature, riders will be able to see the fastest and cheapest routes, real-time schedules, as well as departure time for public transportation, including Metro and buses and walking directions, to and from nearby Metro stations and bus stops.

“By launching Public Transport, live transit information about the city’s heartline, the Delhi Metro and the DTC, will be available in the Uber app, thereby helping us fulfill some of the important responsibilities that come with being a good partner to this great global city,” said Pradeep Parameswaran, President, Uber India and South Asia. (IANS)