Have you ever had blinding headaches, one where you just cannot see anything that is ahead of you?
One where everything hurts? Where you are dizzy and all you need is a cool dark room where you can lay down with your eyes firmly shut? The pain you are in is intense and it is completely blurring your vision and making you feel woozy’?
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If the answer is yes, Dr. Madhuri Behari, reaffirms that you indeed are suffering from a migraine – the killer of all headaches. Dr. Behari, Head of Department, Neurology at Fortis Lt. Rajan Dhall Hospital, New Delhi explains that a migraine is a specific type of primary headache. It means that in migraine, the headache is not caused by any other problem. For example, severe headaches can be caused by several causes such as toothache, sinusitis, fever, cold, and cough. It can also be caused by a brain tumor, brain hemorrhage, or infection in the brain like meningitis. But a migraine has no underlying cause.
Migraines are caused by genetic factors. Many times those who suffer from migraines realize that they know someone in their family or extended family who also has the same problem.
A migraine is triggered by several factors, which vary from person to person. Some of the common ones are fasting, exposure to bright light, eating food containing monosodium glutamate, eating coffee, tea or chocolate, or just before having periods. It is generally genetic in nature. There is no cure for it. This means if a person is genetically inclined to get a migraine, that person will get it. However, there are some medians that can be employed to reduce the frequency and severity of a migraine.
Some people get an aura before the start of a migraine headache attack. This aura consists of blanking of vision, seeing zigzag lines, seeing stars, seeing lightening like lines, not being able to see. These auras are followed by a headache, which increases slowly over a period of a few minutes. If the patient can recognize these symptoms, they can take the prescribed medicine without delay and the migraine headache can be aborted.
Usually, a person who has four or more migraine attacks in a month is prescribed some medicines which should be taken regularly every day. These medicines can reduce the number of attacks and the severity of attacks.
Sometimes these patients also develop tension-type headaches along with migraine headaches. In such patients, the practice of yoga and meditation is helpful. However, adopting yoga and meditation to treat a migraine has not been proved scientifically.
Women tend to get more affected by migraines with the ratio being able 1: 5. The reason behind this is female hormones due to which the migraine headache becomes more frequent and severe near the menstrual period. Also, some women do not get these attacks during pregnancy or they reduce in frequency.
The doctor’s advice? If you feel a migraine coming on, make sure you are in a cool dark place that is not crowded and where you can lie down, close your eyes, and take deep breaths. It’s important to have the medication prescribed handy. If the condition persists go to your doctor. (IANS)