Saturday November 16, 2019

More Than 1000 Gene Variants Linked to Educational Attainment Identified

However, the total influence of the genetic variants is small, explaining about four per cent of the variation in educational attainment across individuals, the scientists said

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Representational image.

An international team of scientists has identified nearly 1,300 genetic variants associated with how much education someone may complete.

Educational attainment is primarily influenced by environmental and social factors, but it is also influenced by genes associated with, for example, cognitive function such as memory and personality traits such as conscientiousness.

“We found that many of the genes associated with educational attainment are influential in virtually all stages of brain development and in neural communication within the brain,” said Peter Visscher, Professor at the University of Queensland in Australia.

Genetic variants on the X chromosome explain virtually identical amounts of variation in men and women.

This finding, published in the journal Nature Genetics, lends support to the hypothesis that there are no genetically based sex differences in the amount of variation in educational attainment.

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Genetic variants on the X chromosome explain virtually identical amounts of variation in men and women. Pixabay

However, the total influence of the genetic variants is small, explaining about four per cent of the variation in educational attainment across individuals, the scientists said.

“Even variants with the largest effects predict, on average, only about three more weeks of schooling in those who have those variants compared to those who don’t,” said Daniel Benjamin, Associate Professor at University of Southern California (USC)- Dornsife.

“Yet, when we analyze the combined effects of many genetic variants, taken together they can predict the length of a person’s formal education as well as demographic factors,” he added.

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While the new number is far more than the 74 variants initially discovered in a smaller study two years ago, there are many other genetic variants associated with educational attainment that have not yet been identified, the researchers said.

For the study, the team analysed a combined 71 datasets comprising over 1.1 million participants with European ancestry from 15 different countries and who were least 30 years old. (IANS)

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Samsung India To Provide Tech Scholarships Under ‘Star Scholar Program’

Samsung India is currently accepting applications for scholarship for the academic year 2019-2020

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Samsung
It offers a scholarship of up to Rs 2 lakh for expenses related to tuition, examination, hostel and mess, for one academic year. Wikimedia Commons

Samsung India on Friday announced scholarships for 560 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) students under its “Star Scholar Program”.

Under this programme, each year, Samsung offers scholarships to meritorious JNV students pursuing a full term B. Tech/Dual Degree (B.Tech + M.Tech) course in any Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) or a National Institute of Technology (NIT) in India.

Samsung India is currently accepting applications for scholarship for the academic year 2019-2020 and the last date for submission for application and all related documents is December 10.

“At Samsung, we work towards nurturing talent through programs that encourage and support the youth. As ‘Samsung Star Scholar’ programme enters its fourth year, we plan to extend scholarships to 560 students from Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya across the country to peruse B.Tech and M.Tech courses at the prestigious IITs and NITs. Peter Rhee, Corporate Vice President, Samsung India said in a statement.

It offers a scholarship of up to Rs 2 lakh for expenses related to tuition, examination, hostel and mess, for one academic year. Interestingly, scholarship renewal is extendable if a student fulfils certain criteria for the subsequent years of his/her course in the institute.

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Samsung India on Friday announced scholarships for 560 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) students under its “Star Scholar Program”. Wikimedia Commons

While the selection for first year applicants is based on their All India Rank (AIR) in the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Main), to get a renewal of the scholarship for the second – fourth years, the applicant is required to maintain a Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) or Cumulative Grade Point Average (CPGA) rating of 5 or above.

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Of the 560 scholarships planned for this year, 150 are expected to be for new applicants and 410 students may be granted a renewal of their existing scholarship. (IANS)