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More than 5.5 Lakhs Head and Neck Cancer cases reported in India every year, say Health Experts

Quoting the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the experts said approximately eight lakh cases are diagnosed each year, out of which 5.5 lakh cases are of head and neck cancer

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Doctors operating on a patient, Wikimedia

New Delhi, October 15, 2016: Head and neck cancers account for more than 5.5 lakh of the total cancer cases reported in India every year, puttingIndia in the sixth place worldwide, said health experts.

Quoting the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the experts said approximately eight lakh cases are diagnosed each year, out of which 5.5 lakh cases are of head and neck cancer.

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“Primarily a lifestyle-related disease, such cancer is highly preventable. As much as 80 per cent of the causation is attributed to tobacco consumption, while 75 per cent is due to alcohol,” said Alok Thakar, Professor of Otolaryngology and Head Neck Surgery at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).

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He was speaking at the ongoing conference on head and neck cancer organised by the International Federation of Head and Neck Oncology Societies in collaboration with the Foundation for Head and Neck Oncology (FHNO).

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Thakar said Dietary deficiencies, primarily of Vitamin A, B, C, E iron, Selenium, and lack of regular intake of fresh fruits, dietary fibres, fish, milk and dairy products are independent risk factors for the rising cases.

“Despite great advancements in this speciality, the management of Head and Neck cancers still remain a problematic and intriguing issue due to the complex anatomy of the various sites. Even each subsite in a particular area behaves very differently. Cheek cancer is biologically different from a tongue carcinoma, while a jaw tumour will behave differently from a palatal cancer though all belong to the oral cavity,” said Anil D’ Cruz, Director of Mumbai-based Tata Memorial Centre.

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According to the experts, in the past one decade there has been a lot of improvement in the treatment of head and neck cancers.

“Cure rates have improved. There has been improvement in the quality of life of the survivors. Improvement in the surgical techniques have made large extirpation possible. Minimally invasive techniques such as the use of Laser and Robotics have made surgically inaccessible areas more accessible,” said D Cruz.

“The advancements in MICROVASCULAR surgery has made reconstruction of large defects greatly possible which otherwise would not have been,” added D’ Cruz.

Among the other techniques, Radiation techniques have improved . IMRT and the IGRT technology to a great extent have reduced the complications of the treatment.

“Evolution of chemotherapy with evolution of newer drugs in the past four decades have been able to prolong the survival of the patients. Pathobiology of the head and neck tumour is now better understood. Advances in basic research in genetics and the molecular biology have made things better. Hence cancer is best treated through a multidisciplinary approach,” said Prathamesh Pai, a senior oncologist from Mumbai based Tata Memorial Hospital.

During the ongoing conference, over 800 delegates from 15 countries will present their research papers on innovations in head and neck cancer. (IANS)

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Aadhaar Helpline Mystery: French Security Expert Tweets of doing a Full Disclosure Tomorrow about Code of the Google SetUP Wizard App

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Google comes up with a new feature

Google’s admission that it had in 2014 inadvertently coded the 112 distress number and the UIDAI helpline number into its setup wizard for Android devices triggered another controversy on Saturday as India’s telecom regulator had only recommended the use of 112 as an emergency number in April 2015.

After a large section of smartphone users in India saw a toll-free helpline number of UIDAI saved in their phone-books by default, Google issued a statement, saying its “internal review revealed that in 2014, the then UIDAI helpline number and the 112 distress helpline number were inadvertently coded into the SetUp wizard of the Android release given to OEMs for use in India and has remained there since”.

Aadhaar Helpline Number Mystery: French security expert tweets of doing a full disclosure tomorrow about Code of the Google SetUP Wizard App, Image: Wikimedia Commons.

However, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) recommended only in April 2015 that the number 112 be adopted as the single emergency number for the country.

According to Google, “since the numbers get listed on a user’s contact list, these get  transferred accordingly to the contacts on any new device”.

Google was yet to comment on the new development.

Meanwhile, French security expert that goes by the name of Elliot Alderson and has been at the core of the entire Aadhaar controversy, tweeted on Saturday: “I just found something interesting. I will probably do full disclosure tomorrow”.

“I’m digging into the code of the @Google SetupWizard app and I found that”.

“As far as I can see this object is not used in the current code, so there is no implications. This is just a poor coding practice in term of security,” he further tweeted.

On Friday, both the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) as well as the telecom operators washed their hand of the issue.

While the telecom industry denied any role in the strange incident, the UIDAI said that he strange incident, the UIDAI said that some vested interests were trying to create “unwarranted confusion” in the public and clarified that it had not asked any manufacturer or telecom service provider to provide any such facility.

Twitter was abuzz with the new development after a huge uproar due to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Chairman R.S. Sharma’s open Aadhaar challenge to critics and hackers.

Ethical hackers exposed at least 14 personal details of the TRAI Chairman, including mobile numbers, home address, date of birth, PAN number and voter ID among others. (IANS)

Also Read: Why India Is Still Nowhere Near Securing Its Citizens’ Data?