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- August 1-7 celebrated as World Breastfeeding Week
- A sharp decline in practice of breastfeeding has been observed worldwide
- Breastfeeding is an intimidating challenge for working women
New Delhi, August 2, 2017: August 1-7 is celebrated as World Breastfeeding Week. True, breastfeeding will lower chances of infant mortality and provide needed nutrition for babies, along with important immunity. Doctors have long propagated the importance of breastfeeding. Now which mother would not want the best for her baby?
WHO recommends breastfeeding for six months after birth. However, this comes as a daunting challenge for working mothers.
— WHO (@WHO) August 1, 2017
According to the Medela Breastfeed India Survey 2017, various factors are at play that are un-accommodating of this practice for a working woman, which include lack of extended maternity leave, unsuitable pumping practices and environment at the workplace, absence of crèches, breastfeeding information and minimal support, thus forcing them to make a choice between the role of a mother and that of a professional.
Fact remains that most working lactating mothers are breastfeeding their babies for the first three months and then shifting to formula based food because of the absence of time. It is also widely believed by working mothers that pumping and storing milk is not just a burdensome but unsafe practice, which is why the practice is rarely taken up once they begin work again.
While it cannot be denied that working mothers have a number of issues which can possibly prevent them from continuing to breastfeed, what must not be ignored is the fact that babies cannot miss their first breastfeed after birth. Colostrum, or the first milk, is a sticky, thick, and yellow transparent fluid and is touted as the first (and the most crucial) vaccine for the baby. This milk transfers antibodies and fighter cells from the mother to the newborn and provides protection against all types of diseases and allergies.
Despite the importance of breastfeeding, it has been observed in India that it is not initiated in the first hour following the birth of the baby.
According to the Medela survey, 36% of new lactating mothers from Maharashtra give formula feed to their babies in the first hour immediately following birth. The study further shows that around 27% mothers fed babies with formula feed on the doctor’s recommendation.
This brings to light the important role that caregivers play in encouraging and creating awareness about advantages of breastfeeding.
Breast milk is the best for the baby, the benefits of which extend well beyond merely feeding and nutrition. “WHO recommends babies should be exclusively breastfed for first six months of life and continue up to two years or beyond”, believes Dr. Ravneet Joshi, MD (Paediatrics) IBCLC at Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru.
Colostrum is all the needed nutrition for newborns. Breastfeeding not only improves the health of infants and young children significantly but also improves mental and cognitive development and promotes learning as well. Studies have shown that it is not only beneficial for the baby, but for the mother too. The experience is not just satisfying but also empowering for the mother.
— UNICEF India (@UNICEFIndia) August 1, 2017
In the prevailing scenario, there is an immediate need to revive the breastfeeding culture, making mothers understand the importance of Colostrum, and about the chance of bonding with the child emotionally.
The annual World Breastfeeding Week aims to emphasize that breastfeeding is not just a woman’s issue or sole responsibility; instead, it must be shared by all as it affects the planet and its people.
The global focus of World Breastfeeding Week 2017 is aligned with the UN Sustainable Goals (SDGs) with a focus on four thematic areas :
- Environment and climate change
- Nutrition, food security, and poverty reduction.
- Survival, health and well being
- Women’s productivity and employment.
For the same reason, efforts are being made in India and the world alike,
- GOT MILK EVENT- Scheduled for August 4 this year, it is organized every year in Cayman Islands (British Overseas Territory) during World Breastfeeding Week August 1-7 which takes the form of discussions and awareness campaigns on issues like breastfeeding in public.
- Royal College of Pediatrics’ and Child Health (UK) has suggested that young children be exposed to breastfeeding women to remove the stigma attached to the practice. It has also recommended that breastfeeding information is covered in personal, social, and health education classes.
- More than 100 doctors, nurses, and patients made a human chain in Telangana on July 31 in commemoration of World Breastfeeding Week to propagate breastfeeding information.
While Indian figures from the Medela survey are alarming, the situation is not uniform throughout the world.
Dr. Munish Kumar Raizada, a Board-Certified Neonatologist in Chicago, in conversation with NewsGram said, “In USA, for example, breastfeeding rates are improving. As per CDC data, in 2011, 79% of the newborn babies started to breastfeed while in 2013, this rate improved to 81%. Approximately 52% babies were still breastfeeding at six months of age.”
This is #BreastFeedingWeek.
Let us remember babies are born to be Breastfed.
Human milk is the best milk for newborns.
— Dr. Munish Raizada (@DrMunishRaizada) August 2, 2017
He believes that while there are positive signs, the society, and the world in turn, needs to fight the menace of artificial milk formula while also facilitating a change in the cultural attitude and stigma associated with breastfeeding.
Following its awareness, the advantages of breastfeeding are being discussed worldwide,
- Protects baby from a long list of diseases
- Protection from developing allergies
- Boost child’s intelligence
- Protection against obesity
- Lower baby’s risk of STDs
- Reduce mother’s stress levels and risk of post partum depression
- Reduce mother’s risk of developing cancer
– by Soha Kala of NewsGram. Twitter @SohaKala
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London (CNN)- At five o'clock in the morning, the esteemed 86-year-old astrophysicist Jim Peebles was woken suddenly by the telephone ringing."In previous experience, the only phone calls at that time of night are bad news," he said. This one was great news. "The opening sentence from the caller was: 'The Nobel committee has voted to award you the Nobel Prize in Physics. Do you accept?'" Peebles recalled. The wording threw him. Who wouldn't accept a Nobel Prize? "You know the Bob Dylan fiasco?" he said during a phone interview with CNN. "That might have put the wind up them."The "fiasco" Peebles mentions refers to the 2016 Nobel Prize in Literature, which was controversially given to an utterly unimpressed Dylan.Aside from being ever-presents on college campuses in the 1960s, little connects Peebles, an expert in theoretical cosmology, with Dylan. But one of the starkest contrasts might lie in their reactions to winning a Nobel -- and the songwriter is far from the only laureate whose crowning turned out to be an awkward affair.
The five committees are notoriously secretive, fiercely shielding their choices from the outside world -- including the laureates themselves, who are told of their victories just minutes before they are announced to the public.
Jim Peebles speaking at the Nobel Prize banquet in 2019 Image credit: CNN
That tight-lipped mantra can lead to some heartening surprises, as it did for Benjamin List -- the co-winner of this year's Nobel Prize in Chemistry -- who was having coffee with his wife when he received the news.
"Sweden appears on my phone, and I look at her, she looks at me and I run out of the coffee shop to the street ... you know, that was amazing. It was very special. I will never forget," he told reporters on Wednesday after his victory was announced.It can also be far less celebratory. "I was lying in bed, and my wife woke up and heard my phone buzzing. And she yelled at me because my phone was waking her up," David MacMillan, who shared the prize with List, told BBC Radio 4 on Thursday."100% [I] missed the call. Classic Scottish person. I [didn't] believe this is happening, so I went back to bed," he added -- likely the most relatable sentence ever uttered by an expert in chiral imidazolidinone catalysts.
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And for some, the sudden ascension to Nobel laureate is an unwanted intrusion altogether. "Oh Christ," British-Zimbabwean author Doris Lessing said when reporters arrived outside her house to inform her she had won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2007. "I'm sure you'd like some uplifting remarks of some kind. "It's a wonderful thing," Reinhard Genzel, an astrophysicist who won last year's Nobel Prize in Physics, told CNN of his win and the months since. "But it's a chore as well."
What it's like to win a Nobel PrizeFew Nobel winners can honestly say their lives weren't changed when they received the phone call.As long as they believe it, that is. "These days you get these cold calls, and I thought this is another one of them," Abdulrazak Gurnah, the winner of this year's literature prize, told the BBC on Thursday."This guy said, 'Hello, you have won the Nobel Prize for Literature,' And I said, 'come on, get out of here. Leave me alone,'" Gurnah said. "He talked me out of that, and gradually persuaded me."Winners often can't be contacted at all, leaving them to find out about their wins from the news, their family, or even their next-door neighbors.
Nobel Peace Prize winners Ressa and Muratov Image source: CNNEconomist Paul Milgrom was woken in the middle of the night in California by his colleague Robert Wilson banging on his front door. "Paul, it's Bob Wilson. You've won the Nobel Prize," he shouted into the intercom. "Yeah, I have? Wow," an utterly confused Milgrom responded, in an exchange captured by a doorbell camera.
Genzel's phone call came while he was in a Zoom meeting with colleagues last October. "I had absolutely no inkling," he said. "I thought, my God ... obviously this is a fantasy."
The committee's secretary told him he "couldn't say anything for 15 or 20 minutes," so Genzel tried his best to keep the news to himself. "I walked over to our meeting room ... (my colleagues) told me afterwards I was stumbling in there, slightly gazed, telling them to switch on the TV," he said.Malala Yousafzai, the youngest Nobel winner at 17, was midway through a chemistry lesson at a school in Birmingham, England, when a teacher interrupted to tell her she had won, she told Reuters.She later told Vogue that she modestly left the achievement off her university applications, because she "felt a bit embarrassed." But there are occasions, too, where the winner isn't quite as thrilled as the Nobel committee might imagine.
Dylan and Ernest Hemingway both skipped the Nobels' annual banquet; the latter made a point of telling the Swedish Academy that he had "no facility for speech making and no command of oratory." But arguably it was Lessing who had the most memorable reaction. She learned of her win as she stepped out of a taxi on the way back from the grocery store. "Have you heard the news? You've won the Nobel Prize for Literature!" an enthusiastic reporter told her. Her eyes rolled back in her head before the journalist had even finished his sentence. Lessing -- accompanied by a male acquaintance who stood next to her, bemused, his arm in a sling and a single artichoke in his hand -- was clearly more interested in collecting her shopping than talking to the world's media.
Also read: Abdulrazak Gurnah- The New Nobel Laureate
Asked how she felt, she expressed little enthusiasm: "Look, I've won all the prizes in Europe, every bloody one."
"Am I supposed to get excited, or elated, or what?" she remarked. "One can't get more excited than one gets, you know?"
'I was treated like a rock star'
As soon as Genzel's win was announced last year, his face was on televisions around the world. The announcement of a Nobel Prize winner makes the front pages of newspapers and websites almost everywhere, throwing a sudden spotlight on little-known scientists and their complex research. "Once the announcement is made, you lose your identity within half an hour," Genzel said. "The telephone rings all the time. "Peebles had a similar experience just minutes after his early morning phone call. "When I returned to bed my wife said, 'What was that about?' I said 'Nobel Prize,' and she said: Oh God." Within minutes, the couple had a photographer outside their door. Genzel suddenly found himself answering questions about politics on late-night German TV, angering some of his friends with his responses. Peebles, meanwhile, spent much of the day looking through emails from every corner of the world: "Please come visit us, please read my manuscript..."
Reinhard Genzel posing with his medal Image source: CNN
"It's one thing to say that the Nobel Prizes attract attention. It's another to experience it," he said. Sometimes, personal relationships change. "There is of course a lot of envy, from some colleagues -- many people who are close to me in the same field might very well say, 'Why did he get it?'" said Genzel. But before the Covid-19 pandemic scuppered plans for two years in a row, winners were also treated to a gala in Stockholm. "I was treated like a rock star ... I experienced what I expect rock stars to experience," Peebles said of his banquet in 2019. "It's a wonderful honor." "My attache had an almost endless list of things to do," he added. "'Now you must meet these influential people. Now you must go to a news conference. Now we will have dinner with some important people. And on and on.' "Genzel missed out on the festivities last year, but he enjoyed a low-key affair in Germany. "The governor of Bavaria offered us his residence, (and) we had a fairly nice event with the Swedish ambassador," he said. Two years on, CNN asked Peebles whether his email inbox has finally receded to pre-Nobel volumes. "I'd have to look at the data on that," he responded, ever the empiricist. But for both men and many other laureates, the most exciting part of the Nobel experience is simply that it gets people talking about science and culture.
"I find it almost a necessity to tell the public at large that there is truth, there is absolute truth," Genzel said. "What I hope is understood is the importance of the Nobel Prize in making people aware of the importance of curiosity-driven science or arts," he said. "I think it must be unique."
(This article is originally written by Bob Picheta)
Keywords: Nobel Prize, Reactions, Laureates
Married Hindu women are recognised by a red streak of vermillion in the middle of their foreheads. This is traditionally called 'sindoor', which is derived from the Sanskrit word sindura, meaning 'red lead.'. Sindoor is traditionally powdered turmeric and lime, sometimes red saffron, or red sandalwood. It is also called vermilion, or Kumkum.
Sindoor is traditionally powdered turmeric and lime, sometimes red saffron, or red sandalwood. It is also called vermilion, or Kumkum. Image source: Photo by Gayathri Malhotra on Unsplash
The origin of the practise of wearing sindoor is ambiguous, but historical records from the Harappan civilisation show that women wore sindoor as a sign of being married. Today's generation considers the wearing of sindoor an outdated and patriarchal ritual. However, there is still a large population of women who uphold the ritual of adorning their foreheads with vermilion every day.
Sindoor implies the longevity of a woman's marriage to her husband in the Hindu tradition. The longer the streak, the longer her husband's life is believed to be. Women wear it for the first time on their wedding day, when the husband applies it during the ceremony. As long as he remains alive, the red streak that fills the woman's maang, or hair partition, symbolises her fruitful married life.
When the finger used to apply the sindoor touches the pituitary gland every time, it arouses affection in a woman for her husband. Image credit: Photo by Amish Thakkar on Unsplash
The components of the red powder are believed to improve the sexual energy of the woman. When the finger used to apply the sindoor touches the pituitary gland every time, it arouses affection in a woman for her husband. The mixture that she wears on her head controls her blood pressure and activates her sexual drive.
These days, feminists do not take very lightly to the practice of wearing sindoor, as they view it as a sign of patriarchal dominance. They do not like being branded as 'belonging to a man'. They prefer to wear it as a style statement because it enhances beauty. Fashion designers have recently commissioned models to sport sindoor on the runway. New age feminists are making bids to allow widows and single women to adorn their foreheads with the vermilion streak.
Keywords: Sindoor, Marriage, Symbol, Women, Patriarchy
Actress Urvashi Rautela has recently announced the name of her next film which is titled 'Dil Hai Gray'. It's a Hindi remake of Tamil film 'Thiruttu Payale 2'. Urvashi Rautela will be seen alongside Vineet Kumar Singh and Akshay Oberoi.
Urvashi shares: "I am excited to announce the title of my next film 'Dil Hai Gray' on the auspicious day of Vijaya Dashami. The film is very close to my heart and it was lovely working with director Susi Ganeshan sir, producer M Ramesh Reddy sir, and my co-stars Vineet Kumar Singh and Akshay Oberoi. "
"The film has created a massive response in the south industry and I am very positive about the story that it will be also be loved by the audience here. I hope my fans would bless us with their love and support. Super excited to watch my film on the big screen after a long time," she concludes. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: urvashi rautela, movies, bollywood, south, remake, film