Monday December 16, 2019

Mothers to lead by example for their daughters

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Sydney: Dear mom’s, please note! Always practice what you preach as for your daughter, you are the best role model in her life.

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Mothers are the first potentially powerful female role model for their daughters, researchers have found.

“The daughters’ beliefs and behaviours may stem directly from those of their mothers,” said study co-author Alyce Barnes, education researcher at the University of Newcastle in Australia.

Importantly, the study has shown that mothers have an important influence on their daughter’s physical activity in relation to their parenting for physical activity and behaviours.

To understand better how moms influence their daughters’ physical activity, the team looked at mother-daughter pairs who had enrolled in a trial of a physical activity intervention.

The daughters with more active mothers were physically more active themselves.

The mothers also reported the time they spent in sedentary activities, as well as the time their daughters spent being sedentary and doing screen time during a typical week.

Daughters whose mothers had strong beliefs about the benefits of regular exercise spent more time doing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, the researchers found.

The only factor associated with daughters’ screen time was mothers’ sedentary activity.

“It is important for mothers to lead by example and engage in active pursuits rather than sedentary behaviors such as sitting engaging in small screen recreation (television, computer and tablet use),” Barnes was quoted as saying in a Live Science report.

Outlined in Maternal and Child Health Journal, the research shows that at every age, girls and women are less active than boys and men, and the activity gap increases with age.

(IANS)

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Air Pollution has Negative Impacts on Human and Animal Health: Study

Air pollution linked to heart issues in humans, animals

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Air pollution increases risks of deteriorating heart health in human and animals. Lifetime Stock

Researchers have found that air pollution is associated with detrimental impacts on human and animals health, including increased risk of heart disease and stroke.

The study, published in The Journal of Physiology, by researchers at The University of Manchester in UK, shows that the knowledge people have about how pollution harms the hearts of marine species can be applied to humans, as the underlying mechanisms are similar.

Around 11,000 coronary heart disease and stroke deaths in the UK each year are attributable to air pollution, specifically due to particulate matter (PM), or small particles in the air that cause health problems.

PM2.5 is one of the finest and most dangerous type of PM, is a compound for which the UK has failed to meet European Union limits.

“We know that air pollution can have a hugely damaging effect on heart and circulatory health, and this review summarises mechanisms potentially contributing to impaired heart function,” said study researcher Jeremy Pearson, Associate Medical Director at the British Heart Foundation.

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Air pollution can have a hugely damaging effect on heart and circulatory health. Lifetime Stock

For the findings, the researchers looked across all vertebrates and particularly focused on a set of compounds that binds to the surface of PM, called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) as its amount on PM is associated with the detrimental affects that air pollution has on the heart.

“Pollution affects all of us living on Planet Earth. Due to the conserved nature of cardiac function amongst animals, fish exposed to PAH from oil spills can serve as indicators, providing significant insights into the human health impacts of PAHs and PM air pollution,” said Holly Shiels, study senior author from the University of Manchester.

Studies after the ‘1999 Exxon Valdez oil spill’ showed that the ecosystem still has not recovered 20 years on.

Also Read- Southeast Asian Activists Pressurize Regional Govts to Offer Climate Action Plan

According to the researchers, in 2010, research on fish after the ‘Deepwater Horizon oil spill’, which released large quantities of PAHs into the marine environment, showed that the heart’s ability to contract was impaired.

“Reducing air pollution is crucial to protecting our heart health, which is why the British Heart Foundation, is calling on the next Government to commit to reducing air pollution to within WHO limits,” Pearson said. (IANS)