Wednesday August 22, 2018

Mothers to lead by example for their daughters

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Sydney: Dear mom’s, please note! Always practice what you preach as for your daughter, you are the best role model in her life.

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Mothers are the first potentially powerful female role model for their daughters, researchers have found.

“The daughters’ beliefs and behaviours may stem directly from those of their mothers,” said study co-author Alyce Barnes, education researcher at the University of Newcastle in Australia.

Importantly, the study has shown that mothers have an important influence on their daughter’s physical activity in relation to their parenting for physical activity and behaviours.

To understand better how moms influence their daughters’ physical activity, the team looked at mother-daughter pairs who had enrolled in a trial of a physical activity intervention.

The daughters with more active mothers were physically more active themselves.

The mothers also reported the time they spent in sedentary activities, as well as the time their daughters spent being sedentary and doing screen time during a typical week.

Daughters whose mothers had strong beliefs about the benefits of regular exercise spent more time doing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, the researchers found.

The only factor associated with daughters’ screen time was mothers’ sedentary activity.

“It is important for mothers to lead by example and engage in active pursuits rather than sedentary behaviors such as sitting engaging in small screen recreation (television, computer and tablet use),” Barnes was quoted as saying in a Live Science report.

Outlined in Maternal and Child Health Journal, the research shows that at every age, girls and women are less active than boys and men, and the activity gap increases with age.

(IANS)

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Europe Suffers From a Severe Measles Outbreak

The U.N. agency on Monday called for better surveillance of the disease and increased immunization rates to prevent measles from becoming endemic.

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Doctor Roberto Ieraci vaccinates a woman in Rome as Italy battles one of its worst epidemics of measles in recent years. VOA

The World Health Organization says the number of measles cases in Europe jumped sharply during the first six months of 2018 and at least 37 people have died.

The U.N. agency’s European office said Monday more than 41,000 measles cases were reported in the region during the first half of the year — more than in all 12-month periods so far this decade.

The previous highest annual total was 23,927 cases in 2017. A year earlier, only 5,273 cases were reported.

The agency said half — some 23,000 cases — this year occurred in Ukraine, where an insurgency backed by Russia has been fighting the government for four years in the east in a conflict that has killed over 10,000 people.

France, Georgia, Greece, Italy, Russia and Serbia also had more than 1,000 measles infections each so far this year.

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An undated electron microscope image of a measles virus particle. VOA

Measles, among the world’s most contagious diseases, is a virus that’s spread in the air through coughing or sneezing. It can be prevented with a vaccine that’s been in use since the 1960s, but health officials say vaccination rates of at least 95 percent are needed to prevent epidemics.

Vaccine skepticism remains high in many parts of Europe after past immunization problems.

Measles typically begins with a high fever and also causes a rash on the face and neck. While most people who get it recover, measles is one of the leading causes of death among young children, according to the WHO.

Also Read: Meteor Shower Lights Up Bosnia, Southeastern Europe

Italy has introduced a new law requiring parents to vaccinate their children against measles and nine other childhood diseases. Romania also passed a similar bill, including hefty fines for parents who didn’t vaccinate their children.

The U.N. agency on Monday called for better surveillance of the disease and increased immunization rates to prevent measles from becoming endemic.(VOA)

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