Tuesday February 19, 2019

Mothers to lead by example for their daughters

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Sydney: Dear mom’s, please note! Always practice what you preach as for your daughter, you are the best role model in her life.

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Mothers are the first potentially powerful female role model for their daughters, researchers have found.

“The daughters’ beliefs and behaviours may stem directly from those of their mothers,” said study co-author Alyce Barnes, education researcher at the University of Newcastle in Australia.

Importantly, the study has shown that mothers have an important influence on their daughter’s physical activity in relation to their parenting for physical activity and behaviours.

To understand better how moms influence their daughters’ physical activity, the team looked at mother-daughter pairs who had enrolled in a trial of a physical activity intervention.

The daughters with more active mothers were physically more active themselves.

The mothers also reported the time they spent in sedentary activities, as well as the time their daughters spent being sedentary and doing screen time during a typical week.

Daughters whose mothers had strong beliefs about the benefits of regular exercise spent more time doing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, the researchers found.

The only factor associated with daughters’ screen time was mothers’ sedentary activity.

“It is important for mothers to lead by example and engage in active pursuits rather than sedentary behaviors such as sitting engaging in small screen recreation (television, computer and tablet use),” Barnes was quoted as saying in a Live Science report.

Outlined in Maternal and Child Health Journal, the research shows that at every age, girls and women are less active than boys and men, and the activity gap increases with age.

(IANS)

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Know How Higher Intake of Sodium Can Treat Lightheadedness

Greater sodium intake is widely viewed as an intervention for preventing lightheadedness when moving from seated to standing positions.

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"Health practitioners initiating sodium interventions for orthostatic symptoms now have some evidence that sodium might actually worsen symptoms," Juraschek said. Pixabay

Higher sodium intake should not be used as a treatment for lightheadedness, say researchers challenging current guidelines for sodium consumption.

Lightheadedness while standing, known as postural lightheadedness, results from gravitational drop in blood pressure and is common among adults.

Greater sodium intake is widely viewed as an intervention for preventing lightheadedness when moving from seated to standing positions.

However, contrary to this recommendation, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre (BIDMC) found that higher sodium intake, actually increases dizziness.

“Our study has clinical and research implications,” said Stephen Juraschek, researcher from BIDMC in Boston.

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Greater sodium intake is widely viewed as an intervention for preventing lightheadedness when moving from seated to standing positions. Pixabay

“Our results serve to caution health practitioners against recommending increased sodium intake as a universal treatment for lightheadedness. Additionally, our results demonstrate the need for additional research to understand the role of sodium, and more broadly of diet, on lightheadedness,” Juraschek said.

For the study, reported in The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, the team used data from the completed DASH-Sodium trial, a randomised crossover study that looked at the effects of three different sodium levels (1500, 2300, and 3300 mg/d) on participants’ blood pressure for four weeks.

While the trial showed that lower sodium led to decrease in blood pressure, it also suggested that concerns about lower level of sodium causing dizziness may not be scientifically correct.

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The study also questioned recommendations to use sodium to treat lightheadedness, an intervention that could have negative effects on cardiovascular health.

“Health practitioners initiating sodium interventions for orthostatic symptoms now have some evidence that sodium might actually worsen symptoms,” Juraschek said.

“Clinicians should check on symptoms after initiation and even question the utility of this approach. More importantly, research is needed to understand the effects of sodium on physical function, particularly in older adults.” (IANS)