Friday October 20, 2017
Home U.S.A. Mastery over ...

Mastery over Multiple Languages can be Fruitful for Kids: Study

0
76
Bilingual kids attain cognitive and perceptional benefits
Bilingual children have superior emotional and cerebral control than monolingual peers. Pixabay
  • It has been found that bilingual children have superior emotional and cerebral control than monolingual peers
  • Apart from the cognitive wealth, bilingual kids also attain perceptual benefit while transforming speaker’s voice
  • The skill of perceiving knowledge about the speaker enhances with the age

US, June 13, 2017: Speaking multiple languages has always been a benison for a person. In this globalized era, besides gaining economic advantages and earning jobs for themselves, linguistic qualifications have served the people in many other ways as well.

According to a study, from the very early years of life, speaking different lines has proved to be fruitful. It has been found that bilingual children have superior emotional and cerebral control than monolingual peers which helps them to concentrate and reflect on things in the better manner. It also enhances their skills in identifying different voices.

According to ANI report, researchers have been engaged in a study which reveals that bilingual kids may derive experience from hearing to differentiated accented speeches securing a better knowledge and wider social perception. This helps them in recognizing several languages.

Apart from the cognitive wealth, bilingual kids also attain perceptual benefit while transforming speaker’s voice. Susannah Levi from the New York University states that the perceptional advantage resides in the heart of the vocal understanding. The aim is not to process the linguistic orientation but to unfold the speaker’s information. Levi stresses on the fact that speech carries with it the details of the message being conveyed and information about the speaker.

An examination was carried out to test the validity of the benefits of bilingualism in kids. 41 kids were selected which included 19 bilingual children and 22 monolingual English speakers. They were further categorized according to their age groups: below nine years and above ten years.

It was found that the latter age group performed better than the former group which proves the fact that the skill of perceiving knowledge about the speaker enhances with the age. Children who held fluency in speaking English and German also performed better than their monolingual friends in identifying and transforming voices as per suggested by Levi. Bilingual children not only recognized the discriminating voices but were also capable of learning different languages faster than the other group of children.

According to Levi, the study was ideal to examine the advantages of speaking multiple languages as it compared the children on the basis of both, a familiar language and an unfamiliar language to all the participants.

– prepared by Himanshi Goyal of Newsgram, Twitter: @himanshi1104

 

Next Story

Think, Solve and Learn: Children use Math and Science Knowledge to Solve One-Minute Mysteries

The authors are trying to provide a resource for dual-language education

0
108
Students at Mundo Verde bi-lingual school work on solving a mystery with teacher David Levin. VOA

It’s a typical situation. A mother has to run an errand and leaves a note for her kids telling them to help themselves to lunch. There are eggs in the refrigerator, it says; but, some are hard-boiled and others are raw…and they look the same. How can the kids tell which is which without cracking them open?

The students in the fifth-grade science class at Mundo Verde Bilingual Public Charter School in Washington, D.C. have to think scientifically to solve the mystery. Samadhi says she had to try more than one idea to differentiate between the eggs.

NewsGram brings to you current foreign news from all over the world.

“It was kind of difficult, but it was fun too,” she explains. “You get to do things yourself. You need to try new things, you don’t have to do what the teacher tells you. You get to try stuff that you think might work for what you’re doing.”

Samadhi discovered that spinning the eggs solved the mystery. Raw eggs spin more slowly than hard-boiled ones because the liquid inside slows them down.

Think, solve and learn

This puzzler – The Eggcellent Idea – is one of 65 in the “One Minute Mysteries” educational series. Each mystery takes about a minute and half to read and requires students to solve it using their math and science knowledge. Mundo Verde teacher Karen Geating Rivera notes that the series was created by Eric and Natalie Yoder, a father-daughter pair. “And when they were first written, the daughter was still a middle schooler. So it’s not just written for children, but it was actually written in part by the child herself.”

“Every single mystery is written with characters that are children, and children that are facing real world situation that they need to solve using their background knowledge on math and science,” she explains. “So they’re not expected to have a bunch of formulas in their head that they already know. It’s just things that happen every day and that you just think from a scientific or mathematical perspective to resolve.”

NewsGram brings to you top news around the world today.

Science teacher David Levin says the mysteries get the children excited. “If they enjoy what they’re doing, they will learn. That’s my philosophy. I like having the opportunity of having them in small groups, sharing their ideas, feeling the experiment in their hands.”

Kids have also to discuss the facts among each other before declaring the answer. Ten-year-old Dante finds these group discussions useful. “You might come to an agreement,” he says. “You might come to disagreement. But sometimes once you share your opinions, you can find out which one is the right response and which one isn’t.”

Creating learning opportunities

The latest addition to the series is bilingual: English and Spanish. The authors are trying to provide a resource for dual-language education, which is a growing trend in many schools around the country, including Mundo Verde. School instructional guide, Berenice Pernalete says having bilingual instructions helps the students who come from different backgrounds. “I think that for a language immersion school, one of the things that teachers do in order to foster engagement in students and to be really creative is that they have shared experiences.”

Check out NewsGram for latest international news updates.

Teacher Karen Geating Rivera says bringing the mysteries into the classroom allows her students to develop several skills at the same time, and learn from each other. “The kids who don’t speak Spanish at home, and who are learning Spanish as a second or maybe a third language are able to hear the native speakers in a natural, authentic setting and start picking up some of that language and vice versa,” she says. “The fact that they are leaving the classroom still talking about what we’ve done tells me that I really made it an authentic experience, something that they can walk out and continue using in real life.”

The “One Minute Mysteries” series, she says, is another tool to keep her students engaged and foster their math, science and bilingual skills. (VOA)

Next Story

Being Overweight is not good for your Body and Brain, say Researchers

Researchers from the University of Arizona say having a high body mass index, or BMI, can cause inflammation that can impair cognitive functioning in older adults

0
85
body mass index
In this May 8, 2014 photo, an overweight man wears a shirt patterned after the American flag during a visit to the World Trade Center, in New York. VOA
  • “The higher your BMI, the more your inflammation goes up,” said Kyle Bourassa, lead author of the study, which is published in the journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity
  • The researchers say their study adds to existing literature about inflammation and cognitive decline by showing BMI has a role to play
  • While cognitive decline is normal as one gets older, linking BMI to inflammation could help stave off the worst effects

October 19, 2016: Being overweight is not good for your body, and new research suggests it’s not good for your brain either. Researchers from the University of Arizona say having a high body mass index, or BMI, can cause inflammation that can impair cognitive functioning in older adults.

“The higher your BMI, the more your inflammation goes up,” said Kyle Bourassa, lead author of the study, which is published in the journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity. “Prior research has found that inflammation, particularly in the brain, can negatively impact brain function and cognition.”

NewsGram brings to you current foreign news from all over the world.

The conclusions were reached using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Aging, which “includes over 12 years’ worth of information on the health, well-being and social and economic circumstances of the English population age 50 and older.”

Obesity can affect the brain in a negative manner. Click To Tweet

They looked specifically at two groups over a six-year period.

“The higher participants’ body mass at the first time point in the study, the greater the change in their CRP levels over the next four years,” Bourassa said. “CRP stands for C-reactive protein, which is a marker in the blood of systemic inflammation in your body. Change in CRP over four years then predicted change in cognition six years after the start of the study. The body mass of these people predicted their cognitive decline through their levels of systemic inflammation.”

NewsGram brings to you top news around the world today.

“The findings provide a clear and integrative account of how BMI is associated with cognitive decline through systemic inflammation, but we need to remember that these are only correlational findings,” he said. “Of course, correlation does not equal causation. The findings suggest a mechanistic pathway, but we cannot confirm causality until we reduce body mass experimentally, then examine the downstream effects on inflammation and cognition.”

While cognitive decline is normal as one gets older, linking BMI to inflammation could help stave off the worst effects.

Check out NewsGram for latest international news updates.

“If you have high inflammation, in the future we may suggest using anti-inflammatories not just to bring down your inflammation but to hopefully also help with your cognition,” Bourassa said. “Having a lower body mass is just good for you, period. It’s good for your health and good for your brain.” (VOA)

Next Story

Honor Killers know their action is shameful

0
90
Kwame Anthony Appiah

Jaipur: The British-born Ghanaian philosopher, cultural, political and moral theorist Kwame Anthony Appiah asserted that phenomenon like “honor killings” are resorted by those who are morally weak and the motivation for it is shame rather than guilt.

Honor and morality can oppose each other, and the former can lead people into committing despicable acts like “honor killings” despite them knowing their actions are morally wrong and should not be done, he says.

“Honor and morality are different systems that can conflict in cases like of honor killings… Honor draws people to do something they know is morally wrong and they ought not to do but this does not stop them,” he said at a session titled “The Honor Code” at the Jaipur Literature Festival on Friday evening.

“Guilt is moral and shame stems from honor,” he said, adding that the sense of shame can be given to someone, not guilt.

Appiah, who holds a position at the New York University’s philosophy department and school of law and has authored “The Honor Code: How Moral Revolutions Happen” which deals majorly with three changes — the end of the practice of foot-binding in China, the slavery trade and duelling in England — that came through moral shifts, says he had studied the issue and came to conclusion that honor was a matter of a system, based on local norms of how respect is assigned, and the right of respect is addressed through identity, which can be of family, caste, nation, religion or gender.

“Identity is what you are supposed to be doing.. You are supposed to confirm to the norms,” he said, adding morality is what holds you responsible and honor is something other people have a stake in.

On his typology of revolutions, Appiah contended that revolutions, in the classic sense entailing a big change in a small time, related to political revolutions of which the French Revolution is the ‘obvious’ stereotype but moral and lifestyle revolutions were different, insofar they had different time frames, and entail at least 20 to 25 years, or a generational gap, example attitude in the US for gay marriage.

The difference is that lifestyle revolutions encompass new ideas, a big change in morality and have significance in daily life, while the moral kind, such as on equality for women and abolition of slavery, have arguments already in place, so the issue is not about changing of minds but the big change comes when habits change, he said.

Leading Indian cultural and literary theorist Homi K Bhabha, who had initiated the discussion, contended that honour, especially in the case of “honor” killings, was linked to authority, and a sense of humiliation was important for both shame and honor, the latter being an ambivalent response to the issue of shame. He also contended that sex was a problematic area in this connection.

Appiah said it was a question of privacy that linked to sex. “Everyone knows what the others are doing. What is constrained by shame is visibility,” he said, stressing shame is connected to visibility and there is loss of respect through exposure, and thus shame.

Holding of laws were needed against issues like “honor killings” and racial discrimination, he however stressed that the law and the state were important factors here but not the determinants and a moral change was imperative.(Vikas Datta,IANS)

(Image Courtesy: Google Mania)