Friday, December 4, 2020
Home Life Style Health & Fitness Need for Continuing the Polio Immunization During Pandemic

Need for Continuing the Polio Immunization During Pandemic

World Polio Day is observed around the globe amid the COVID-19 pandemic on 24th October

As World Polio Day is observed around the globe amid the COVID-19 pandemic on Saturday, experts underlined the need for continuing the polio immunization program to help maintain India’s polio-free status.

Since March 2020, the pandemic has disrupted life-saving immunization endeavors around the world, putting millions of children at risk of diseases like polio, diphtheria, and measles.

The disruption of such routine immunization services may be unprecedented since the inception of the expanded program on immunization (EPI) in the 1970s, in both government and private sectors.

Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news.

This may significantly decrease the immunity level of the population against polio, said Dr. Preethi Sharma, Consultant Pediatrician, KIMS Cuddles, Kondapur.

“Most hospitals have a separate outpatient department for any fever or COVID suspect cases and the immunization area allows entry of only healthy babies/children. The parents need to be assured that the risk of COVID transmission during vaccination is almost negligible but missing the vaccine can definitely increase the child’s risk of getting infected with vaccine-preventable diseases, including polio,” she said.

Polio Immunization
On World Polio Day 2020, it is important to look at the learnings India and the world can take from the past efforts to overcome the current COVID-19 crisis. Pinterest

In order to successfully eradicate polio, parents should get their child immunized with OPV and IPV and also continue to get the vaccine administered during government polio drives. Both vaccines are very safe and their use should be continued. The government should have campaigns to strengthen the immunization drive.

After an uphill battle and multiple doses of the oral polio vaccine, India was declared polio-free (wild poliovirus) in March 2014. This was a huge accomplishment as India was considered one of the most challenging countries.

Follow NewsGram on Instagram to keep yourself updated.

“Though India is a wild poliovirus disease-free country currently, the cases of Vaccine Derived Polio Virus (VDPV) disease can be seen. The emergence of VDPV disease is a known risk of OPV (oral polio vaccine) vaccination, where the weakened live virus given as vaccine in OPV starts becoming virulent and thus gives rise to the disease in a few children among the lakhs that were vaccinated with it.”

There is a dire need to focus on getting more and more children vaccinated with IPV(Injectable Polio Vaccine), which not only poses no risk of VDPV but also gives 99 percent protection from wild polio and VDPV disease.

Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated.

Until all the children in the country are not vaccinated with IPV, the risk of polio resurgence either due to importations from neighboring Pakistan and Afghanistan, the only two polio-endemic countries in the world now, or from VDPV will be there, the doctor said.

Polio Immunization
In order to successfully eradicate polio, parents should get their child immunized with OPV and IPV and also continue to get the vaccine administered during government polio drives. Pinterest

Another important step which the government has taken is to start using the inactivated (injectable) polio vaccine (IPV) in its routine schedule. IPV has been used by private practitioners and corporate hospitals for many years but now it can have widespread reach with the government adopting it in its routine immunization schedule. IPV protects against polio without any risk of vaccine-derived polio. As wild poliovirus is eliminated, OPV needs to be phased out.

The government has already removed type 2 containing OPV (the trivalent OPV to bivalent OPV switch). The reason being the type 2 component contained in trivalent OPV accounts for more than 90 percent of all vaccine-derived poliovirus cases (bivalent OPV does not contain type 2).

Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: महिलाओं की तुलना में पुरुष अधिक कोविड एंटीबॉडी बनाते हैं

“Year after year, and generation after generation, the government of India and the people here have taken a mission route with the vision to eradicate deadly polio. Administering polio drops to newborn babies was a small yet most effective means of tackling the spread of poliovirus. And it is the same commitment that is needed in these COVID-19 times to put an end to the deadly coronavirus.

“Not letting the guard down is the only way to overcome the present crisis. People must believe that following prescribed restrictions and ensuring safety norms is the only way we can come out of the problem,” said Dr. Ravindra Parigi, Consultant Neonatologist at Medicover Hospitals, Visakhapatnam.

Also Read: Western Digital Introducing Customized Data Storage for Indians

On World Polio Day 2020, it is important to look at the learnings India and the world can take from the past efforts to overcome the current COVID-19 crisis. Though polio still exists in underdeveloped nations like Pakistan and Afghanistan, the instances have decreased by over 99 percent in comparison with the 1980s, he added. (IANS)

STAY CONNECTED

19,120FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,778FollowersFollow

Most Popular

‘Operation Talwar’, A Story Of The Valour Of The Indian Navy

BY SHANTANOO MISHRA If the border of a country is secure, then both development and history can be created. All the three armies of India...

Indian American Teen Gitanjali Rao Is ‘Kid Of The Year’ By TIME Magazine

TIME magazine has put an Indian American teen "scientist and inventor" Gitanjali Rao on its first-ever 'Kid of the Year' cover, selected from a...

Christopher Nolan: Indian Films Are Wonderful And Are Kind Of Fundamental

Christopher Nolan feels Hindi films happen to retain the fundamental reasons due to which we enjoy cinema, and that Hollywood has lost some of...

Natural Antioxidants That Helps Body To Deal With Pollution

The air that we all are breathing has reached dangerous levels of pollution yet again. People with no known history of respiratory problems are...

A Focus On Academic Entrepreneurs In India

India is the third-largest tech start-up hub globally, yet academicians are still on the fringes when it comes to entrepreneurship in the country. The...

Indians Willing To Take Salary Cut To Work From Home

Amid the Covid-19 pandemic, at least 54 percent of working Indians said that they love working from home (WFH), of which 34 percent are...

Energy Efficiency Sets Slow Not Reaching Climate Goals

The already sluggish pace of global progress on energy efficiency is set to slow further this year due to the economic impacts of the...

Plant Food Instead of Red Meat Decreases Heart Disease Risk

Replacing red meat with high-quality plant foods such as beans, nuts, or soy may be linked to a modestly reduced risk of coronary heart...

Recent Comments