Tuesday February 25, 2020

Study Shows That Childhood Friendships Can be Affected by Negative Parenting

Negative features of parenting, such as depression and psychological control, increasing the risk of breaking up childhood friendships, finds a study. The results showed that for children with clinically depressed parents, the risk of best friendship dissolution increased by up to 104 percent, Xinhua reported.

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Parents
Proper eating habits are a must for all the children to learn during their childhood. pixabay

Negative features of parenting, such as depression and psychological control, increasing the risk of breaking up childhood friendships, finds a study.

The results showed that for children with clinically depressed parents, the risk of best friendship dissolution increased by up to 104 percent, Xinhua reported.

There was a similar, although not quite as dramatic, increase in the risk of best friendship dissolution for children with psychologically controlling parents.

Parent depression and parent psychological control uniquely predicted subsequent child friendships breaking up, above and beyond contributions of peer difficulties.

There was a similar, although not quite as dramatic, increase in the risk of best friendship dissolution for children with psychologically controlling parents.
Representational image, pixabay

“We already know that peer status plays an important role in friendship outcomes. For example, well-liked children have more long-lasting relationships than do their classmates,” said Brett Laursen, Professor at Florida Atlantic University (FAU), US.

But “children with depressed and psychologically controlling parents are not learning healthy strategies for engaging with other people, which could have long-term consequences for their future relationships”, Laursen added.

However, contrary to the researchers’ expectations, there were no evidence that positive parenting behaviours like warmth and affection altered the stability of children’s best friendships.

contrary to the researchers' expectations, there were no evidence that positive parenting behaviours like warmth and affection altered the stability of children's best friendships
Family, pixabay

“We were hoping that positive behaviours would help extend the life of friendships and that it would be a buffer or a protective factor,” said Laursen.

“This was not the case. Warmth and affection don’t appear to make that much of a difference. It is the negative characteristics of parents that are key in determining if and when these childhood friendships end,” he noted.

For the study, published in the Journal of Family Psychology, the team looked at 1,523 children. Among them 766 were boys, from grades one to six. They conducted a survival analysis to identify the characteristics of parents that predict the stability of their children’s friendships.

Also Read: Affects of Prenatal Marijuana on Baby

The researchers also examined the parenting styles to predict the occurrence and timing of the dissolution of kids’ best friendships from the beginning to the end of elementary school (grades one to six).

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Here’s Everything You Need to Know About Childhood Cancer

All you need to know about Pediatric Cancer

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Pediatric cancer
Each year, many children between birth and the age of 18 are diagnosed with cancer. Pixabay

Cancer remains one of the leading causes of death from disease in childhood. Each year, many children between birth and the age of 18 are diagnosed with cancer.

The signs and symptoms of cancer in children could be very nonspecific leading to delayed diagnosis. There are certain red flags that can increase the index of suspicion and can help in making the diagnosis sooner than later.

Dr Vikas Dua, Additional Director & HOD, Pediatric Hematology Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplant, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram discusses about the top four childhood cancers and the signs and symptoms associated with them.

Pediatric cancer
The signs and symptoms of cancer in children could be very nonspecific leading to delayed diagnosis. Lifetime Stock

Acute Leukemia

Leukemia is the most common cancers observed in children. It commonly occurs in children between the ages of 2-4 years. Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow. Three out of four childhood leukemia cases are Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). The rest are Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML).

Symptoms of leukemia

Bone and joint pain
Fatigue
Weakness
Bleeding
Prolonged Fever
Weight loss

Brain Tumors

Brain tumors and other nervous system tumors are the second most common cancer seen in pediatric age group. Brain tumors are of many types and the outlook and treatment for each varies. In regard with brain tumors in children, it starts in the lower parts of the brain, such as the cerebellum or brain stem. Although brain tumors in children is typically different from that of brain tumors of adults, many of the symptoms remain the same.

Symptoms of brain tumors

Headaches (often with early morning vomiting) e Dizziness e Balance problems e Vision, hearing or speech problems
Frequent vomiting

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma arises from immature nerve cells in infants and young children. Mainly found in children younger than age of 5 years, this disease often begins in the adrenal glands.

Pediatric cancer
Brain tumors and other nervous system tumors are the second most common cancer seen in pediatric age group. (Representational Image). Lifetime Stock

Symptoms of neuroblastoma

Impaired ability to walk
Change in eyes (droopy eyelids, bulging,)
Pain in different and various locations of the body
High blood pressure Lymphoma starts in certain cells of the immune system called lymphocytes.

This cancer affects lymph nodes and other lymph tissues, like the tonsils or thymus. These can also affect bone marrow as well as organs and can cause varied symptoms depending on where the cancer is growing.

Hodgkin lymphoma

Sometimes called Hodgkin disease, is rare in children younger than 5 years of age. This type of cancer is similar in both children and adults, including the types of treatment that works best.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

More likely to occur in younger children than Hodgkin lymphoma, but still rare in children younger than age group of 3. The most common types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma vary in children and adults. Often these cancers grow quickly which requires severe treatment, but they also tend to respond better to treatment than most non-Hodgkin lymphomas in adults.

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Symptoms of lymphoma

Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, or groin
Weight loss
Fever
Night Sweats
Weakness (IANS)