Friday July 20, 2018

New app for captuirng causes of deaths

0
//
71
Republish
Reprint

Melbourne: A team of researchers has developed a revolutionary new app for tablets and mobile phones to accurately capture the causes of deaths at a time when two in three deaths – 35 million each year – are unregistered worldwide, including in India.

Around 180 countries that are home to 80 percent of the world’s population do not collect reliable cause of death statistics.

“Without the accurate cause of death information, we cannot monitor disease and injury trends, we can’t keep track of emerging health problems and we don’t have any markers to show us whether programs and policies are actually working,” said professor Alan Lopez from the University of Melbourne.

To develop the app, the research team redesigned a short “verbal autopsy” questionnaire and tested it in India, the Philippines, Mexico and Tanzania. The app was then field-tested in China, Sri Lanka and Papua New Guinea.

Family members of the deceased were given surveys in hand-held devices. A computer then analysed the data to make a diagnosis, bypassing the need to rely on doctors to do this work.

The method involves data collection by health workers, registrars and village officials who use the app to administer the surveys.

“The data is fed into a computer, which makes a diagnosis. It requires very minimal training. This way doctors are free to do what they do best, which is providing essential medical care to their communities,” the authors noted.

Computers can reliably provide a diagnosis by linking symptoms with a specific cause of death in real-time.

The instant provision of information overcomes what can be a 10-year lag between the death and the doctor’s report.

“So if you live in a country where no-one is dying from malaria, then why are you pouring money into malaria-prevention programmes? And conversely, if people are dying from lung cancer, why aren’t you investing in tobacco control?” professor Lopez asked.

Verbal autopsy research has shown that computer models are just as accurate as physicians in making diagnoses based on verbal autopsy data, at a fraction of the cost.

The app is the result of a decade-long global collaboration led by the University of Melbourne and researchers at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington.

“In countries with scarce data on causes of death, policymakers need this information to better understand local disease burden and effectively allocate resources,” added IHME director Dr Christopher Murray.

Up-to-date, reliable information on what people are dying from and at what age, is really important for policies to prevent premature death.

“Our app provides a way to do this, quickly, simply, cheaply and effectively, in real time, with the power of technology, professor Lopez concluded in a new paper published in the journal BMC Medicine. (IANS)

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2015 NewsGram

Next Story

Apple Launches its Free Schoolwork App For Teachers

The app also helps students to stay organised and keep track of the work they need to complete and when they need to submit

0
Also new to MacBook Pro is the Apple T2 chip, first introduced in iMac Pro.
Also new to MacBook Pro is the Apple T2 chip, first introduced in iMac Pro.

Apple has launched its free Schoolwork app for teachers, making it easier for them to create assignments, collaborate one-on-one with students, and understand students’ progress.

The app was first introduced at Apple’s education event in Chicago early in March.

The new cloud-based app makes it easy for teachers using iPads to create and send announcements and assignments with almost any type of content, from web links to PDFs and documents, and even specific activities within other educational apps, the tech giant said in a blogpost late on Tuesday.

Other educational apps already working with Schoolwork include Explain Everything, Tynker, GeoGebra, and Kahoot!.

With the app, teachers can have a snapshot of class performance and can check on an individual student’s progress across activities as well as the progress within apps or projects they have created and helps them tailor their teaching to the needs and potential of each student.

Apple
Representational image. Pixabay

The app also helps students to stay organised and keep track of the work they need to complete and when they need to submit.

Moreover, Apple emphasised the privacy elements to Schoolwork, that schools get to “create, own and control” the accounts used by students, and they get to determine when student progress information is shared, the blogpost said.

Apple cannot see the student activity, either, as it stays within the system.

Also Read: Apple Signs Multi-Series Order With Sesame Workshop

Schoolwork app is designed to work with the Classroom app, which now runs on both iPad and Mac.

Classroom on iPad helps teachers keep students focused on a specific app or website and lets them view student screens during class, share documents with students, assign shared iPads and even reset a student’s password. (IANS)