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New evidence points to an 850 years old Jain temple in Telangana

The inscriptions indicate that Malhar mandal in Karimnagar district was the last Jain temple in the region, also pointing out the patronage of the religion, 850 years ago

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  • Chepyala Madhusudhan Rao, an elder in the village, brought the discovery of the inscription to the notice of the historian, Dyaavanapalli Satyanarayana recently
  • The inscriptions have several contexts that serve as chronicles of the history of Telangana
  • The inscriptions in Sanskrit and Telugu say that the temple was constructed for the 24th  Jain Thirthankara- Sri Vardhamana Mahaveera

According to an article published in The Hindu, some farmers of Mallaram in Karimnagar district found a three-faced stone inscription as they were clearing shrubs to reclaim land. That was 8 years back. Chepyala Madhusudhan Rao, an elder in the village, brought it to the notice of the historian, Dyaavanapalli Satyanarayana recently and thus its importance was recognised.

According to the findings that have been revealed now, here are some interesting facts:

  •  Mr. Satyanarayana says that he had corroborated its content with facts in contemporary historical texts and thought it was fit to reveal the findings.
  •  The inscriptions have several contexts that serve as chronicles of the history of Telangana, opines the historian to the Hindu.
  •  The inscriptions indicate that Mallaram of Malhar mandal in Karimnagar district was the last Jain temple in the region, also pointing out the patronage of the religion to date back to 850 years.

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  •  The inscriptions in Sanskrit and Telugu say that the temple was constructed for the 24th  Jain Thirthankara- Sri Vardhamana Mahaveera- by Manikya Setti and also how the whole revenue of an entire village called Muppayapalli was donated by Bhaktula Pochenayudu for its maintenance.
  • Then it demarcates a line for the disappearance of Jainism and being replaced by a new religious sect called ‘Veera Saivism’ here.

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The stone inscription found at Mallaram village in Karimnagar district. Image Source: The Hindu
The stone inscription found at Mallaram village in Karimnagar district. Image Source: The Hindu
  •  The predominance of the Setti community (Komati today) among the Jains of those days was also mentioned.
  •  Inscription indicates that women were valued in those days. Giri Devasani, a lady mentioned in the inscriptions, is said to have succeeded her father Doddalasiddhi Setti as the chief priest of the Parshavanatha temple. Her sculpture has been found, in addition to the Kakatiya symbols of the ox and the sun-moon on all four sides of the stone.
  •  The mention of the lady reveals that women in the Jain faith held high position in their society, says Dr. Satyanarayana.

-prepared by Ajay Krishna, an intern at NewsGram.

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  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Very interesting to know about temples which are as old as 850 years

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Hindus In Delhi Push For A Temple On The Ruins Of a Mosque

The Supreme Court has delayed hearings into the disputed site but hardliners have vowed to lay a foundation stone next year regardless.

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Supporters of Vishwa Hindu Parishad gather during a rally in New Delhi, Dec. 9, 2018. The group gathered thousands of supporters to demand the construction of a Hindu temple on a site where a mosque was attacked, demolished in 1992. VOA

Tens of thousands of hardline Hindu protesters marched in New Delhi on Sunday, calling for a grand temple to be built on the ruins of a destroyed mosque in a flashpoint Indian city.

Trident-waving devotees clad in saffron filled a huge parade ground in the Indian capital under tight security, where speakers warned Prime Minister Narendra Modi they would not let up until the temple was sanctioned.

Some of Modi’s supporters feel the Hindu nationalist leader has not done enough to raise a shrine at a site in Ayodhya, a city believed by many to be the birthplace of the deity Ram.

The site was home to a medieval mosque for 460 years until Hindu zealots tore it down in 1992, kicking off riots across India that left thousands dead, most of them Muslims.

Its future has been tied up in courts for decades but some hardliners want Modi, who is seeking reelection in 2019, to push parliament to guarantee the temple by law.

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“The gathering here is telling you that Hindus won’t sit back until the temple is built, and our wishes are respected,” said Champat Rai, the leader of the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) group that organized the protest.

Demonstrators chanting “Praise be to Ram” packed the Ramlila Maidan, a vast ground capable of holding more than 50,000 people, and filled the surrounding streets.

Some carried maces and tridents — weapons traditionally wielded by Hindu gods — and traveled great distances by train and bus to reach the rally.

“We have come here to protect our religion and Hindu pride. We want a temple for our Lord Ram,” Hitesh Bharadwaj, a teacher from Delhi’s satellite city Noida, told AFP.

The hardline VHP has applied pressure on Modi in recent weeks, staging a huge show of force in Ayodhya itself last month.

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Photo credit: theguardian.com

A close ally of Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the group is spearheading a push to raise the Ram temple, and is calling for more protests as the premier prepares to go to the polls by May.

The BJP was on the margins until the 1980s when its top leaders, including Modi, backed a growing movement for the construction of the Ram temple.

Its advocates want parliament to introduce a law bypassing legal hurdles blocking the temple before Modi’s term ends.

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The Supreme Court has delayed hearings into the disputed site but hardliners have vowed to lay a foundation stone next year regardless.

“We don’t care about the courts. A grand temple will be constructed in 2019,” Sushil Chawdhary, a VHP leader, told AFP. (VOA)