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Prediabetic night owls may gain unhealthy weight. Pixabay

People with prediabetes who are more active and alert later in the day — those who have an evening preference — may have higher body mass index (BMI), a new study has found.

The findings, published in the journal Frontiers in Endocrinology, also suggested that higher BMI among people with evening preference is related to lack of sufficient sleep.


“People can have more regular bedtimes and aim to have more sleep, which may help reduce BMI and the potential development of diabetes in this high-risk group,” said lead author Sirimon Reutrakul from the University of Illinois at Chicago in the US.

Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be Type-2 diabetes.

According to the researchers, without modifications to diet and exercise, patients with prediabetes have a very high risk of developing Type-2 diabetes.

For the study, the research team involved 2,133 participants with prediabetes.


Representational image. Pixabay

Participants who scored high in “morningness” answered questions indicating that they preferred to wake up earlier, have activities earlier, and felt more alert earlier in the day were compared with those who scored high on “eveningness”.

Sleep duration and timing were obtained using a questionnaire and the extent of social jet lag was evaluated for each participant.

The average age of the participants was 64 years old, and average sleep duration was about seven hours per night.

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The researchers found that for participants younger than 60 years of age, higher levels of social jet lag were associated with a higher BMI.

Among participants older than 60 years old, those with more evening preference had higher BMIs and this effect was partly due to having insufficient sleep but not social jet lag.

Evening preference was directly associated with higher BMI in this group, the researchers noted. (IANS)


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On the opening day of the wrestling competition, Ravi Kumar defeated Bulgaria's Georgi Vangelov 14-4 on technical superiority to reach the last-four in the men's 57kg category, while compatriot Deepak Punia overcame China's Zushen Lin 6-3 on points to advance to the semifinals.

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Earlier, Ravi Kumar had won his opening-round bout by technical superiority against Colombia's Oscar Tigreros to secure a quarterfinal spot. Competing in the Round-of-16 bout against the Colombian wrestler, the 23-year-old Ravi Kumar, who is making his Olympic debut, showed no nerves as he dominated the bout to win by technical superiority (13-2).

Ravi Kumar landed attack after attack and went 13-2 up, winning the bout by technical superiority with minutes to spare. In wrestling, building up a 10-point lead over the opponent results in a victory by technical superiority.

India's 86kg freestyle wrestler Deepak Punia showed no signs of the niggle that had forced him to pull out of the Poland Open Ranking Series in Warsaw in June, as he defeated Nigeria's Ekerekeme Agiomor on technical superiority to secure a quarterfinal berth.

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Punia, who had also suffered an elbow injury just before the Games, was slow at the start but came into his own as the bout progressed, inflicting takedowns at regular intervals to earn points.

The Indian wrestler eased into a 4-1 lead at the break and extended his lead comfortably in the second period.

Punia, the silver medallist from the 2019 world wrestling championships, then set up a clash with China's Lin Zushen in the quarterfinals and defeated him 6-3.

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