Tuesday March 31, 2020
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NIRDPR Launches Initiative to Help Rural Poor Farm Holds Cope with Climate Change

The cadre will further disseminate the climate resilient technologies to the farming communities

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NIRDPR, Initiative, Rural
As many as 638 villages in Mandla and Sheopur districts of Madhya Pradesh, and Gaya and Madhubani districts of Bihar under National Rural Livelihoods Mission have been brought under the initiative's coverage. Pixabay

National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR) on Tuesday said it has launched an initiative to improve the adaptive capacity of the rural poor engaged in farm-based livelihoods to cope with climate change.

The inititative ‘Sustainable Livelihoods and Adaptation to Climate Change (SLACC)’ was launched on Friday.

NIRDPR is an autonomous organisation under the Union Ministry of Rural Development.

It seeks to establish a large-scale proof of concept on integrating community-based climate change planning and adaptation by working with climate-smart Community Resource Persons (CRPs) and National Resource Persons (NRPs), according to a statement.

NIRDPR, Initiative, Rural
National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR) on Tuesday said it has launched an initiative. Pixabay

Under the initiative, a cadre of 200 ‘Climate Smart Community Resource Persons’ and over 100 young professionals will be trained, who will be expected to disseminate the practice of sustainable livelihoods through adaptation to climate change.

As many as 638 villages in Mandla and Sheopur districts of Madhya Pradesh, and Gaya and Madhubani districts of Bihar under National Rural Livelihoods Mission have been brought under the initiative’s coverage. These districts are either drought- prone or flood prone.

“The cadre will further disseminate the climate resilient technologies to the farming communities in their respective allocated villages,” reads the statement.

NIRDPR Director-General W.R. Reddy said climate change was a new and significant challenge to the disadvantaged population as it could affect the yield and income of small and marginal farmers, especially in the rainfed areas.

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“Altogether 23 technology interventions are prioritized for farm level activities for climate resilience. They aim to reduce the cost of cultivation, improve yield and income, profitability, empower women and generate employment,” the statement quoted by Reddy said. (IANS)

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Babies Born in Urban Areas Are Less Fussy: Study

Where you live may influence your baby's behaviour

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Babies born in big cities, typically are less fussy and not as bothered by limits set by their caregivers. Pixabay

Researchers have found that babies from rural families tend to display negative emotions such as anger and frustration more frequently than their urban counterparts.

The study, published in the the Journal of Community Psychology, revealed that babies born inurban cities, on the other hand, typically are less fussy and not as bothered by limits set by their caregivers.

“I was shocked, quite frankly, at how little there was in the literature on the effects of raising an infant in a rural vs urban environment,” said study lead author Maria Gartstein from Washington State University in the US.

“The fact that rural mothers in our study reported more frequent expressions of anger and frustration from their infants may be consequential as higher levels of frustration in infancy can increase risk for later attentional, emotional, social and behavioural problems,” Gartstein added.

For the findings, the researchers analysed and compared data from two previously conducted studies of mother-child interactions and infant temperament.

The first study consisted of 68 participants and their infants in the San Francisco Bay Area, and the second consisted of 120 rural mothers and their infants from Whitman and Latah counties in the Inland Northwest of the US. Mothers used a questionnaire to record the frequency of 191 different behaviours their child displayed at six and 12 months after birth.

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Babies from rural families tend to display negative emotions such as anger and frustration more frequently than their urban counterparts. Pixabay

The researchers then analysed babies along 14 different dimensions that ranged from cuddliness to vocal reactivity. Parent-child interactions, where mothers were instructed to engage their infants in play in a typical fashion, were also video-recorded in the laboratory for analysis.

The researchers found urban moms tend to be better at picking up on when their babies wanted or needed something, or were ready to be done with play, and responding accordingly.

This in turn could have led to their infants generally being calmer and less easily upset, they said.

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Gartstein said one of the more surprising findings from the study was that contrary to predictions, her team found no statistically significant differences in levels of parenting stress between urban and rural caregivers.

“This may be a result of different, but functionally equivalent, risk factors,” Gartstein said.” (IANS)