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By Dr. Kalpana PawarIts the season of festivities and loads of mouth-watering sweets! Diwali is the time we come together, celebrate and share happiness along with a box of sweets. Understandably, you want to share the same happiness with your pets too. But most Diwali mithai can be harmful to your pets. Lets see how.
- Traditional Diwali sweets, namkeens & spicy snacks
The sugar content in the sweets is harmful and can be life-threatening for your pets. | Pixabay
- Sugar-free sweets
Some households use artificial sweeteners in their Diwali sweets to ensure that even diabetics can indulge their sweet tooth. However, these sugar-free sweets contain xylitol. Xylitol can cause a dangerous blood sugar drop, hypoglycemia or rapid liver failure in pets. The symptoms of toxicity show up within 30 minutes of consumption and include vomiting, weakness, inability to move, seizures, depression and coma.
Ssugar-free sweets contain xylitol and it can cause a dangerous blood sugar drop, hypoglycemia or rapid liver failure in pets. | Maxpixel
- Dry fruits
Raisins can cause rapid kidney failure and be ultimately fatal for your pet. | Photo by Neva Kuruyemiş on Unsplash
- Milk sweets
Sweets like rasmalai, pedha or halwa contain milk or milk by-products and cannot be easily digested by our pets. Other sweets like shrikhand, amarkhand, sweet seviyan, basundi and sheera also contain cow or buffalo milk which is not suitable for pets. A majority of the pets are lactose intolerant and consuming milk or dairy products can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and other digestive problems for them.
Sweets like rasmalai, pedha or halwa contain milk or milk by-products and cannot be easily digested by our pets. | Wikimedia Commons
No Diwali sweet box is complete without some rich cashews and pistachios. Most nuts are high in fat and protein and can cause obesity and pancreatic issues in pets. Apart from that, small nuts like almonds and cashews can also be choking hazards for pets. Most of the nuts we receive in our Diwali boxes are coated with salt or other spices making them extremely toxic for our pets.
Most nuts are high in fat and protein and can cause obesity and pancreatic issues in pets. | Photo by Sandi Benedicta on Unsplash
The darker and less sweet the chocolate is, the more harmful it is to your pet. | Photo by Charisse Kenion on Unsplash
- Fruit baskets and sweets containing fruits
Sweets like cakes, custards, or sweets made with fruits are also harmful to your pets. Any sweet containing grapes, lemon, pomegranate, apricot, cherries, peach and chikoo is a strict no-no. These fruits cannot be digested by your pets and can be the cause of an upset stomach.
Sweets like cakes, custards, or sweets made with fruits are also harmful to your pets | Flickr
So what should you do?Here are a few tips that can help you avoid a visit to the vet on the day of Diwali:
- Keep sweet boxes and any other toxic food away from your pet's reach. We'd recommend keeping the sweets closed in boxes on high shelves. You can even use baby proof latches for drawers, cupboards and the fridge if your pet is extremely skilled at getting what they want
- Keep your vet's number handy and call them immediately if you notice your pet acting unusual or catch them eating a Diwali sweet
- Keep a first aid kit handy, it should include antiemetic medicines. Get a prescription from a vet in advance
- Choose a boarding home or daycare if you're expecting too many guests. Too many people and loud noises can lead to some pets feeling anxious and uncomfortable so it's best to check them in at a place where they can be well looked after
Anushka Iyer, Founder and CEO of Wiggles.in suggests- "Apart from keeping your pets away from sweets, try to minimize the sound of firecrackers bursting outdoors by keeping all doors and windows closed, using ear muffs, playing calming music and most importantly spending time with your pets this Diwali!"
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: diwali, sweets, pets, sugar,dry fruit, milk, chocolate, diwali2021, vet
Canadian researchers have discovered an overlooked gene that plays a major role in the development of antibodies, which help the immune system recognize and fight viruses including SARS-CoV-2, bacteria and other causes of infectious disease. The gene -- FAM72A -- facilitates production of high-quality antibodies by enabling the effect of an enzyme called AID (for Activation-Induced Deaminase), the researchers showed.
Immunologists have known for two decades that AID is essential to produce antibodies capable of clearing infections, but the full mechanism of its effect has remained unknown. "Our findings answer the long-standing question of how AID does its work," said Alberto Martin, a professor of immunology at the University of Toronto's Temerty Faculty of Medicine. "FAM72A helps AID to promote mutations in antibody genes that are essential for the development of effective antibodies," he added.
Genetic mutations that lead to lasting changes in DNA occur through a process called mutagenesis. | Pixabay
Genetic mutations that lead to lasting changes in DNA occur through a process called mutagenesis. In the context of antibody development, mutagenesis unfolds largely through the AID-driven mechanisms called somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination -- both of which help antibodies gain the diversity and potency they need to counter a wide range of pathogens.
The results published in the journal Nature will help researchers better understand antibody development broadly, but they also have implications for cancer. Uncontrolled mutagenesis in B cells that produce antibodies is linked to B cell lymphoma, and FAM72A is present at very high levels in other cancers such as gastrointestinal, breast, lung, liver and ovarian cancers.
"Our data show that high levels of FAM72A promote mutations in antibody genes, so increased levels of FAM72A could spur cancer development, progression or drug resistance by increasing mutagenesis,a Martin said. Martin's team is now exploring those possibilities. Intriguingly, unlike other mammals, humans have four gene versions of FAM72A and their roles in cancer and antibody production are still unknown. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: researchers, cancer, mutagenesis, antibody, development, antibodies, canada, COVID
Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL), a subsidiary of Coal India will set up a 50 megawatt (MW) solar power plant in Odisha's Sambalpur at a total cost of Rs 301.92 crore, moving steadily towards its goal to achieve carbon neutrality by 2024. MCL has placed a turnkey order to set-up a 50 MW solar power plant with a Chennai-based firm M/s Hild Energy Ltd, which will establish this green energy project within a timeline of 10 months, the MCL said in a statement on Saturday.
This solar plant would cater to the captive power requirement of MCL. The Central PSU had successfully set-up a 2MW solar power plant in Sambalpur in 2014. The company said it has pledged a target of installing 182 MW of solar power by 2024 in order to become a net zero energy company, aligning itself to use cleaner forms of energy for coal production.
The company said it has pledged a target of installing 182 MW of solar power by 2024. | Photo by Mariana Proença on Unsplash
This 50 MW solar power project will reduce CO2 emission by 91,020 tonnes per annum and carbon offsets of around 24,824 tonnes per annum, claimed the MCL. MCL is the leading production subsidiary of Coal India, having mining operations in Angul, Jharsuguda and Sundargarh districts of Odisha. Having achieved the highest ever capital expenditure of Rs 2,419 crore in the financial year 2020-21, the company has coal production and dispatch targets of 163 million tonnes and 182 million tonnes, respectively.
MCL was the coal mining company to introduce environment-friendly surface miner technology, which contributes over 95 per cent in coal production. As another environment-friendly initiative, the company has successfully introduced vertical rippers for blast-less over-burden removal in Hingula and Kaniha opencast projects. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: solar plant, carbon neutrality, Odisha, Sambalpur, Coal India, subsidiary, Mahanadi Coalfields Limited, solar energy
As the nation celebrated the 114th birth anniversary of his father - renowned poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan - megastar Amitabh Bachchan remembered his dad as he penned a heartfelt note for him. The actor took to his blog where he poured his heart out and also shared an unseen photo with his father. The image in question is from Big B's wedding in 1973, where the two are caught in a sweet moment as they look at each other.
Amitabh Bachchan wrote on his blog,
"My Father , my all .. November 27th his birth in the year 1907 .. Which makes it his 114th Anniversary .. He is in the heavens, with my Mother and they celebrate .. as do we , in thought word and deed .. (sic). But first."
He then posted the picture followed by elaborate paragraphs. The megastar wrote,
"Those rare moments when one would find himself rushing against the winds to prevent the distance between us and to close it down as soon as it can be. The day of my wedding and his expression of fulfilment to not just be in congratulation but instead to be in the face of a belief, a chime, an ultimate season of love and great passion, of the quarries of the fears and conditionings of these deprived gym routines kart ..(sic)". "This could have been unknown for long facilitating years, to give not expected versions and lastly large scale informations of the insides ; but as time passed by, as does now , they explained purposely, the values of education and similarity .. Be in peace and love .. (sic)",
the veteran actor concluded his note. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Amitabh Bachchan, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, actor, blog, birth anniversary, 114th birthday