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North East is the most unsafe place for security forces: South Asia Terrorism Panel

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Manipur: The army team involved in 9th June army operation along the India-Myanmar border in which several militants were killed. (Photo: IANS/DPRO)
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New Delhi: With 41 deaths this year, India’s northeastern states are now the most unsafe conflict theatres for security forces.

These states accounted for 23 deaths  in 2014, according to data compiled by the South Asia Terrorism Portal.

Eighteen Indian Army soldiers were killed and 11 injured in Manipur’s Chandel district in a terrorist ambush on June 4, the worst such attack in three decades.

Thirty-four security personnel died this year while countering Maoists in various states affected by left-wing extremism.

Jammu and Kashmir, another serious terrorism-affected zone in India, has seen 18 security personnel lose their lives this year.

Kshmir ranks third this year in the deaths of security personnel after Chattisgarh (28 deaths) and Manipur (20 deaths).

Overall, India has lost 3,093 security personnel due to terrorist violence over the period 2005-2014, but yearly deaths have declined by 63 percent since 2005.

Responsibility for the June 4 attack was claimed by Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) or NSC (N), a Naga separatist outfit, and Kanglei Yawol KannaLup (KYKL), a Manipuri Meitei separatist outfit, both operating out of Myanmar.

The Indian Army launched retributive action against the groups in two locations along the Indo-Myanmar border.

The operation was conducted in coordination with Myanmar after the army received “credible and specific” intelligence inputs that further attacks were being planned, according to an official army statement. (IANS)

(In arrangement with IndiaSpend.org, a data-driven, non-profit, public-interest journalism platform.
Abheet Singh Sethi can be contacted at webmaster@indiaspend.org. The views expressed are personal)

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Facts About PoK You Probably Didn’t Know Before

Although 'Azad Kashmir' is of no economic significance to either Pakistan or India, the region is rather a matter of pride

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PoK is one of the most controversial regions in the world. Wikimedia Commons
PoK is one of the most controversial regions in the world. Wikimedia Commons

By Ruchika Verma

  • PoK or Pakistan Occupied Kashmir is a controversial land
  • The region is the reason for tension between India and Pakistan
  • Pakistan Administered Kashmir is the hub for terrorist activities and is controlled by Pakistan entirely

Pakistan Occupied Kashmir or PoK is the land of much controversy. The region which is also known as Azad Kashmir in Pakistan has been a matter of controversy between India and Pakistan since 1947.

Pakistan Administered Kashmir is a controversial region for both India and Pakistan. Wikimedia Commons
Pakistan Administered Kashmir is a controversial region for both India and Pakistan. Wikimedia Commons

United Nations and other international organizations refer to PoK as ‘Pakistan Administered Kashmir.’ This region shares its border with China and Afghanistan and as mentioned above is a very controversial region of crucial importance to both the disputing countries.

Here are few facts about PoK you may not have known before:

  • Even before independence, PoK was never ruled by the Britishers directly. It was under the rule of Maharaja Hari Singh, who wanted to keep Jammu and Kashmir as an independent state when given the choice to choose between India and Pakistan.
  • PoK covers an area of 13,297 square kilometres which is approximate, 5,134 sq. mi. The capital is located at Muzaffarabad.
  • ‘Azad Kashmir’ has a population of around 4.6 million people.
  • 26th October is celebrated as the Accession Day. On this day, Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of Jammu and Kashmir signed the Instrument of Accession to India in the year 1947.

    PoK was supposed to be a free, independent state. Wikimedia Commons
    PoK was supposed to be a free, independent state. Wikimedia Commons
  • However, Kashmiri separatists celebrate Accession Day as ‘Black Day.’
  • The Pakistan Occupied Kashmir claims to be having its own self-governing legislative assembly, however, it is no hidden fact that it is controlled by Pakistan only behind the scenes.
  • In PoK, the President is the head of the state, and the Prime Minister is the chief executive, supported by the Council of Ministers. Pakistan Occupied Kashmir also has its own high court and supreme court.

Also Read: Pakistan, China play catch and throw with POK

  • PoK is famous for the terrorist activity in its region. Lashkar-e-Taiba, one of the biggest terrorist organisations in the world has several camps in the region.
  • There is no freedom of expression for media in PoK. All media is controlled by Pakistan, including its only radio channel, Azad Kashmir Radio.

    Majority of Azad Kashmir's population earns their livelihood by the means of agriculture. Wikimedia Commons
    Majority of Azad Kashmir’s population earns their livelihood by the means of agriculture. Wikimedia Commons
  • 85% of the population is engaged in agricultural activities. They cultivate wheat, maize, mushroom, honey, apples, walnuts, etc., which are the main source of income for them.
  • Although ‘Azad Kashmir’ is of no economic significance to either Pakistan or India, the region is rather a matter of pride for which both the countries keep on fighting.