New Delhi: Directing the Supertech Ltd to pay around 64 lakhs to an NRI for denying possession of a flat, National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC) has said that Non-Resident Indians who frequently return to India can purchase a house here.
Supertech Ltd had denied possession of a flat in Greater Noida in Uttar Pradesh to South Delhi resident Reshma Bhagat and her NRI son Tarun Bhagat, who had booked the flat in 2008 and had made the payment of Rs 63,99,727.
The construction company was supposed to construct the flat and hand it over to the mother-son duo in 2009. The complainant approached the apex consumer commission seeking Rs 1.40 crore from the firm, including the interests and damages, after the firm failed to even construct the house.
The firm had opposed the complainant’s plea on the grounds that the flat was booked in the name of Tarun, who was an NRI. They also claimed that the complainant wanted to purchase the flat solely for earning profit and not for residing purpose, and hence he could be considered as ‘consumer’ himself.
Rejecting the firm’s contention, the apex consumer commission, presided by Justice J M Malik said: “It cannot be made a rule of thumb that every NRI cannot own a property in India. NRIs do come to India, every now and then. Most of the NRIs have to return to their native land. Each NRI wants a house in India. He (Tarun) is an independent person and can purchase any house in India, in his own name.”
The consumer commission has directed the firm to pay Rs 63,99,727 to the complainant.
NewsGram view: It is a good decision by the apex consumer commission as it allows many NRIs to invest in property, which would help them in future whenever they plan to settle in India. The move will also help family members of the NRIs who are still living in India and it will go a long way to further strengthen the emotional bond that NRIs have with their mother country.
The Indian diaspora is a generic term representing the people who migrated from the Indian territories to the other parts of the world. It includes the descendants of these groups. Today, over twenty million Indians which include Non-Resident Indians and People of Indian Origin are residing outside the Indian territory as Indian diaspora. According to a UN survey report of 2015, India’s diaspora population is the largest in the world. In 2005, Indians formed the world’s third-largest diaspora. The Indians who settled overseas in the 1960s for more developed countries such as US, UK, Canada, Australia and Western Europe formulate the category of the New Diaspora.
What are the popular host countries for the Indian Diaspora:
The 2010 estimates of Census data of US, UK and Canada suggest that Indian diaspora constitutes three million people in US, 1.5 million people in the United Kingdom and one million in Canada. Indians are the fourth largest immigrant group in the United States. Also, five million emigrants from India residing in the Gulf region at present.
The History of Indian Diaspora:
A brief overview of the history of Indian diaspora suggests that the first group of Indians immigrated to Eastern Europe in the 1st century AD from Rajasthan during the reign of Kanishka. Yet another evidence of migration was witnessed in 500 AD when a group immigrated to Southeast Asia as the Cholas extended their empire to Indonesia and Malaysia thereby spreading the Indian culture in these states. Thus the early evidence of the diaspora was found during ancient times. The medieval period witnessed the spread of Hinduism and Buddhism during the Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms. Mughals took Indians as traders, scholars, artists, musicians, and emissaries to the other parts of the country.
The first wave of the Modern Indian Diaspora, also called the Old Diaspora, began in the early 19th century and continued until the end of the British rule. The Dutch and French colonizers followed the suit. Indians were sent in large numbers to become the bonded labourers for sugar and rubber plantation in their colonies.
Indians in Caribbean, Africa, and Asia:
By the end of World War 1, there were 1.5 million Indian laborers in the colonies in the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia. At present, around 60% of Indian diaspora is constituted of this Old Diaspora.
Impact of Immigration policies on Migration from India:
After the Indian independence, a large number of unskilled and some skilled Punjabi male Sikhs migrated to the UK from India due to favorable immigration policies in the United Kingdom. Similarly, the 1990s onwards, due to software boom and its rising economy, H-1B was introduced in the US immigration policy that allowed the entry of highly skilled IT specialists, doctors, scientists and engineers in the US. Further, the 1970s witnessed oil boom in the Middle East that led to significant growth of Indian diaspora in the Gulf region.
While the low skilled and semi-skilled workers are moving to the Gulf region for better economic opportunities, highly skilled labor is moving from India to US, UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
Has Indian Diaspora started impacting the economies and societies:
With the growing rate of international migration since the beginning of millennia, there is a significant impact of diaspora on the economies and societies of the world. In recent years, the diaspora is influencing the economic, political and cultural affairs in their homeland. It is so because the influence of the diaspora communities increases as they organize themselves and accumulate resources in their host countries for several years. The mobilized diaspora are now influencing the affairs of the homeland countries. A common form of exchange is the financial remittances provided to the relatives by the diaspora community. Overseas family networks of the political elites in India are shaping the political landscape as well. Culturally, the diaspora is influencing the music and literature trends in India as the content is consciously structured to cater to the tastes of the diaspora.
What actions have been taken by the government of India to tap the potential of Indian Diaspora:
The first Pravasi Bhartiya Divas was organized in 2003 by the Government of India to expand and reshape the state of India’s economy by the use of the potential human capital which the Indian diaspora reflects. Clearly, Indian diaspora has a larger role to play in the Indian economy over the coming years as the efforts to mobilize them increase in the homeland.