Thursday, October 1, 2020
Home Life Style Health & Fitness Nutrition Very Essential for Little Ones Development

Nutrition Very Essential for Little Ones Development

Nutrition, important factor in your little one's development, whether physical or cognitive

Nutrition is a key actor in your little one’s development, whether physical or cognitive, and can complement contributions from genetic and environmental – physical and psychosocial- factors.

A balanced diet comprising carbohydrates, proteins and fat along with vitamins and minerals is essential for optimal growth. Dr Suresh Birajdar, Neonatologist and Pediatrician at Motherhood Hospital, Kharghar lists certain key food items that could drive and support a child’s development.

Proteins

Proteins are the key drivers of a child’s growth and development. They are also an important ingredient of antibodies – an infection fighting protein. In addition, the amino acids derived from proteins play a critical role in repair of tissues, synthesis of neurotransmitters as well as hormones. Proteins are obtained from plants as well as animal sources. Both sources are equally effective. Choices could be made from pulses, legumes, dairy products (milk/cheese or paneer), eggs and animal proteins.

Fats

Fats are very important for brain development. Polyunsaturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fatty acids are healthier than saturated or trans fatty acids. Major sources of healthy fats are vegetable oil (soya/olive/sunflower) and fish oil. It is the right quantity as well the way oil is consumed that matters more than a brand or source. Oil used for deep frying is less likely to contribute to development than sprays or oil used for light cooking. In addition, wholegrains and other cereals have natural oils in their husks/brans that are very healthy.

Iron

Iron plays an important role in formation of hemoglobin. Deficiency of iron can result in anemia that in turn can alter learning and memory processes. Iron rich foods include vegetables such as spinach, peas, broccoli, nuts, raisins and legumes (chickpeas, lentils). The animal sources of iron include liver, salmon, eggs etc. A child needs to consume the correct portions of these sources to maximize absorption of iron from the stomach.

Iodine

Iodine is a trace element essential for synthesis of thyroid hormone – an important hormone for brain development in infants. In addition, thyroid hormone also regulates protein synthesis. Naturally, iodine can be found in abundant quantities in a variety of seafoods. Dairy products also contain small proportions of iodine. However in countries like India where iodine deficiency is endemic, the best source of iodine is through regular consumption of iodized salt.

Also Read: Social Media: A Boon Amid Lockdown

Folic acid and B group of vitamins

B group of vitamins are required as cofactors for various metabolic processes and enzymes in the body. These processes help in overall growth as well as development in children. Folic acid is especially significant in pregnancy for fetal brain development. In addition, Folic acid is required for the synthesis of DNA in many cells. Also helps in prevention of certain anemia. Green leafy vegetables as well as fresh fruits such as oranges, apples etc are great sources of vitamins. Boiling and deep frying can result in significant loss of these vitamins. Therefore, fruit and vegetables are best eaten raw or lightly sauteed. Whole Grains with their husks are abundant in some B Group of vitamins. (IANS)

STAY CONNECTED

19,133FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,779FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Twitter Aims of Having 50% of its Global Workforce Constituted by Women by 2025

Twitter has set the target of having at least half of its global workforce to be constituted by women by 2025. Currently women constitute...

AI Algorithm to Detect Covid-19 in CT Scans Accurately

Researchers have demonstrated that an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm could be trained to classify Covid-19 pneumonia in computed tomography (CT) scans with up to...

Here’s How You Can Prevent Maskne & Keep Your Skin Healthy During Changing Season

By Puja Gupta The COVID-19 pandemic has left everyone to take precautions to avoid the spread. This means that it has become imperative for everyone...

Indian Travellers Discover Simple Pleasures Next Door Amid Pandemic: Booking. com

While the pandemic has led to seismic shifts in travel behaviours and destination choices, many Indian travellers have discovered simple pleasures next door, leading...

Cardiac Arrest Common in Critically ill Covid-19 Patients: Study

Cardiac arrest is common in critically ill patients with Covid-19 and is associated with poor survival, particularly among patients aged 80 or older, say...

IISc Researchers Identify Cancer Cells Using a 3D Tumour Model, Nanomotors

By N. B. Hombal An interdisciplinary team of researchers from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) has made a breakthrough in the field of identifying...

International Coffee Day: Celebrate it With These Easy Recipes

By Puja Gupta Coffee is one of the most loved beverages in the world and theres no denying that! In India, the love for barista-style...

Here’s Semi-Permanent Make-Up for Attractive Eyebrows and Lips

By Puja Gupta The youth these days are not only concerned about pigmentation, acne or dark circles, but also look for that perfect shaped Eyebrows....

Recent Comments