Monday August 20, 2018

Obesity has association with blood clots seen in children

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New York: Obesity has an association with the formation of blood clots in the veins of children and adolescents, says a new study.

Obesity, as determined by body mass index, was a statistically significant predictor of blood clot formation in juveniles, the study showed.

The association between obesity and venous thromboembolism (VTE) — the formation of blood clots — can cause both acute and chronic health problems if left untreated, the researchers warned.

Elizabeth Halvorson, assistant professor at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in North Carolina, US. expressed the major findings of the study.

Our study demonstrated an association between obesity and VTE in children, which should be explored further in larger future studies,

This is important because the incidence of pediatric VTE has increased dramatically over the last 20 years and childhood obesity remains highly prevalent in the US,” she added.

For the study, the researchers conducted a retrospective chart review of patients at Wake Forest Baptist’s Brenner Children’s Hospital between January 2000 and September 2012. They identified 88 patients between ages 2-18 who confirmed cases of VTE.

After adjusting for the other risk factors – among them bloodstream infection and time spent in an intensive care unit – the researchers found a small but statistically significant association between obesity and VTE.

The research was published in the journal Hospital Pediatrics.

(Inputs from IANS)

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Obesity During Pregnancy May up Kids’ Risk of Epilepsy

In addition, complications related to neonatal-asphyxia -- the state of being deprived of oxygen --, as well as less severe neonatal complications, were also independently associated with increased risk of childhood epilepsy

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The risk for children with mothers in the grade III obesity category was 82 per cent. Pixabay

Women who are overweight or obese during their pregnancy may significantly increase the risk for children developing epilepsy, a study has showed.

Epilepsy is a disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, causing seizures.

The results showed that the risk of epilepsy increased by 11 per cent in children of overweight mothers (BMI of 25 to less than 30) compared with children and normal-weight mothers.

While women with grade I obesity (BMI 30 to less than 35) increased the risk 20 by per cent, those with grade II obesity (BMI 35 to less than 40) raised the risk by 30 per cent.

The risk for children with mothers in the grade III obesity category was 82 per cent.

Pregnancy
Representational image. Pixabay

“Given that overweight and obesity are potentially modifiable risk factors, prevention of obesity in women of reproductive age may be an important public health strategy to reduce the incidence of epilepsy,” said Neda Razaz, from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.

Maternal overweight and obesity may increase the risk of brain injury, leading to a range of neurodevelopmental disorders, or that maternal obesity might affect neurodevelopment through obesity-induced inflammation, leading to epilepsy, the researchers argued, in the article published online by JAMA Neurology.

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In addition, complications related to neonatal-asphyxia — the state of being deprived of oxygen –, as well as less severe neonatal complications, were also independently associated with increased risk of childhood epilepsy. (Bollywood Country)

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