Thursday February 27, 2020

One-Fourth Of Children Having Autism Are Not Diagnosed: Study

The research was conducted through the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network

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Autism
According to the study, researchers analysed the education and medical records of 266,000 children who were 8 years old in 2014, seeking to determine how many of those who showed symptoms of the disorder were not clinically diagnosed or receiving services. Pixabay

Researchers have found that one-fourth of children under age 8 with autism spectrum disorder are not being diagnosed, which is critical for improving quality of life.

The findings, published in the journal Autism Research, show that despite growing awareness about autism, it is still under-diagnosed, particularly in the black and hispanic people in the US.

“There may be various reasons for the disparity, from communication or cultural barriers between minority parents and physicians to anxiety about the complicated diagnostic process and fear of stigma,” said study co-author Walter Zahorodny, Associate Professor at Rutgers University in US.

“Also, many parents whose children are diagnosed later often attribute their first concerns to a behavioral or medical issue rather than a developmental problem,” Zahorodny added.

According to the study, researchers analysed the education and medical records of 266,000 children who were 8 years old in 2014, seeking to determine how many of those who showed symptoms of the disorder were not clinically diagnosed or receiving services. Of the nearly 4,500 children identified, 25 per cent were not diagnosed.

Most were black or Hispanic males with deficits in mental abilities, social skills and activities of daily living who were not considered disabled, the research said.Screening all toddlers, pre-school and school-age children for autism could help reduce the disparities in diagnosis, according to the researchers.

Autism
Researchers have found that one-fourth of children under age 8 with autism spectrum disorder are not being diagnosed, which is critical for improving quality of life. Pixabay

In addition, experts can overcome communication barriers by using pictures and employing patient navigators to help families understand the diagnosis process, test results and treatment recommendations, the study suggested.

“States can help improve access to care by requiring insurance companies to cover early intervention services when a child is first determined to be at risk rather than waiting for a diagnosis,” Zahorodny said.

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The research was conducted through the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, a surveillance programme funded by the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention that tracks the prevalence of the developmental disorder in 11 states. (IANS)

  • Harold Maio

    —-fear of stigma

    You mean, of course, fear of those trained to direct that prejudice, fear of bullying.

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Here’s How Chronic Job Insecurity Negatively Affects Your Personality

Job insecurity negatively affects your personality and can change your lifestyle too

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Job personality
Experiencing chronic job insecurity can change your personality for the worse. Pixabay

Experiencing chronic job insecurity can change your personality for the worse, say health and lifestyle researchers, adding that those exposed to job insecurity over more than four years became less emotionally stable, less agreeable, and less conscientious.

The study, published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, built on a growing evidence base about the negative consequences of job insecurity.

“Traditionally, we’ve thought about the short-term consequences of job insecurity – that it hurts your well-being, physical health, sense of self-esteem,” said study researcher Lena Wang from RMIT University in Australia. “But now we are looking at how that actually changes who you are as a person over time, a long-term consequence that you may not even be aware of,” Wang added.

The study used nationally representative data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey in relation to answers about job security and personality for 1,046 employees over a nine-year period.

It applied a well-established personality framework known as the Big Five, which categorises human personality into five broad traits: emotional stability, agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion and openness.

Job personality
The negative effects of job insecurity on your personality are low self-esteem, less emotional stability and less conscientious. Pixabay

The study results showed that long-term job insecurity negatively affected the first three traits, which relate to a person’s tendency to reliably achieve goals, get along with others, and cope with stress. The researchers said the results went against some assumptions about job insecurity.

“Some might believe that insecure work increases productivity because workers will work harder to keep their jobs, but our research suggests this may not be the case if job insecurity persists,” Wang said.

“We found that those chronically exposed to job insecurity are in fact more likely to withdraw their effort and shy away from building strong, positive working relationships, which can undermine their productivity in the long run,” Wang added. Previous research has shown that insecure work – including labour hire practices, contract and casual work, and underemployment – is on the rise in Australia and globally.

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The HILDA data drew on responses from employees from a broad cross-section of professions and jobs, who were asked about how secure they perceived their jobs to be. The researchers said that types of job insecurity might include short-term contracts or casual work, jobs threatened by automation, and positions that could be in line for a redundancy. (IANS)