Saturday May 25, 2019

Paint, Varnish Exposure may Increase Risk of Multiple Sclerosis

The researchers determined that the MS genes and exposure to solvents combined were responsible for an estimated 60 percent of the risk of developing MS

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Christmas Tree
These chemicals are used in many industries. Pixabay

Exposure to paint, varnish and other solvents may put people at a 50 per cent higher risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS), a potentially disabling disease affecting the central nervous system, a study says.

With exposure to solvents, people who also carry genes that make them more susceptible to developing multiple sclerosis are nearly seven times as likely to develop the disease as compared to those with no solvent exposure who do not carry the MS genes, said the study published in the journal Neurology.

For people who have been smokers, the risk is even greater. Those who have been smokers with solvent exposure and the MS genes are 30 times more likely to develop MS than those who have never smoked or been exposed to solvents and who do not have the genetic risk factors, said the study.

“These are significant interactions where the factors have a much greater effect in combination than they do on their own,” said study author Anna Hedstrom from the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden.

“It’s possible that exposure to solvents and smoking may both involve lung inflammation and irritation that leads to an immune reaction in the lungs,” Hedstrom added.

paint
Representational image. Pixabay

For the study, the researchers identified 2,042 people who had recently been diagnosed with MS and matched them with 2,947 people of the same age and sex.

Blood tests were used to determine whether the participants had two human leukocyte antigen gene variants — one of which makes people more likely to develop MS and the other reduces the risk.

Also Read: Gut Bacteria Linked to Atherosclerosis, Which is Further Linked to Heart Attack

They were also asked whether they had been exposed to organic solvents, painting products or varnish and whether they had ever been a smoker.

The analysis showed that, MS genes and exposure to solvents combined were responsible for an estimated 60 per cent of the risk of developing MS.

The researchers determined that the MS genes and exposure to solvents combined were responsible for an estimated 60 percent of the risk of developing MS. (IANS)

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Sugar-sweetened Beverages May Worsen MS Symptoms: Study

Additional studies are needed to evaluate whether sugar-sweetened beverages affect the course of the disease, the study noted

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Image Credits : Pexels

People with multiple sclerosis (MS) consuming 290 calories of soda or other sugar-sweetened beverages a day may be tied to more severe symptoms, researchers warn.

Multiple sclerosis is a progressive and degenerative disease in which the immune system attacks nerves, producing a variety of neurological symptoms.

The study showed that participants who consumed the largest amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages were five times more likely to have severe disability than people who seldom drank sugar-sweetened beverages and consume an average of seven calories of such drinks per day.

“MS patients often want to know how diet and specific foods can affect the progression of their disease,” said Elisa Meier-Gerdingh from St. Josef Hospital in Germany.

The researchers considered 135 people with MS who completed the questionnaire about their diet.

Soda, sugar-sweetened beverages may worsen MS symptoms.

The team chose to study the DASH diet as it is associated with lower risk of other chronic diseases, like high blood pressure, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, said Meier-Gerdingh.

The diet recommends whole grains, fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy products, lean meats, poultry and fish, and nuts and legumes and limits foods that are high in saturated fat and sugar.

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The study, presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 71st Annual Meeting in the US, showed that overall no link was found between what participants ate and their level of disability. In addition, a total of 30 participants had severe disability.

Additional studies are needed to evaluate whether sugar-sweetened beverages affect the course of the disease, the study noted. (IANS)

One response to “Sugar-sweetened Beverages May Worsen MS Symptoms: Study”

  1. We agree that Americans should be mindful of the sugar they consume, that’s why we will continue to support American’s efforts to cut back on sugar and calories by offering more products with less sugar or zero sugar, smaller portion sizes and place calorie labels on the front of all of our products. However, the study’s authors note that their “results do not show that soda and sugar-sweetened beverages cause more severe disability.”