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Pakistan’s Imran Khan Government Bans Creation of New Posts, Purchase of All Vehicles

Its campaign to deal with the financial emergency failed to yield any positive results during the last financial year 2018-19

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Pakistan, Imran Khan, Vehicles
According to media reports, the increasing budget deficit is a major concern for the Tehreek-e-Insaf-led government under the IMF programme. Pixabay

Pakistan’s Imran Khan government has banned creation of new posts, purchase of all vehicles, rationalised utilities spending, provision of one newspaper and decided to keep other expenditures at the bare minimum under its austerity drive for the current fiscal year, said media reports.

According to media reports, the increasing budget deficit is a major concern for the Tehreek-e-Insaf-led government under the IMF programme. Its campaign to deal with the financial emergency failed to yield any positive results during the last financial year 2018-19, when the budget deficit escalated to highest ever absolute figures.

The government has already banned provision of refreshments such as tea or biscuits during official meetings, causing some consternation as official meetings often go on for hours creating problems for people with health problems.

However, ignoring the criticism, the Ministry of Finance on Friday issued an Office Memorandum (OM) announcing more austerity measures for financial year 2019-20 with immediate effect. Under the new order:

Pakistan, Imran Khan, Vehicles
Pakistan’s Imran Khan government has banned creation of new posts, purchase of all vehicles, rationalised utilities spending, provision of one newspaper and decided to keep other expenditures. Pixabay

(i) There will be a complete ban on purchase of all types of vehicles (excluding motorcycles) both for current as well as development expenditure.

(ii) Creation of new posts will be banned except those required for development projects and approved by the competent authority.

(iii) Entitlement of periodical, magazines, newspapers etc of entitled officers will remain restricted to only one.

(iv) Principal Accounting Officers (PAOs) will ensure rationalised utility consumption i.e. electricity, gas, telephone, water etc and the expenditure on purchase of assets, repair & maintenance and other operational expenditure shall be kept at bare minimum level while remaining within the budgetary allocation for the financial year.

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(v) Two sides of paper shall be used in all official communications. (IANS)

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Here’s How You Can Enjoy Gaming in Autonomous Vehicles

Self-driving cars have many intelligent technologies that help to keep them safe, and the researchers envision that in the future

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Autonomous Vehicles
The VR driving simulator is designed as a framework to enable rapid prototyping of in-car Autonomous Vehicles game that leverage future technologies like V2V, full window HUDs, head tracking, and different input methods. Pixabay

Researchers have designed multiplayer games where occupants of Autonomous Vehicles can play with other players in self-driving cars within near distance.

The study, led by researchers from the University of Waterloo in Canada, details three games created for level three and higher semi-autonomous vehicles.

The researchers also made suggestions for many exciting types of in-car games for future exploration.

Level three and higher semi-autonomous vehicles are those that have, at minimum, environmental detection capabilities and can make informed decisions for themselves.

“As autonomous vehicles start to replace conventional vehicles, occupants will have much more free time than they used to,” said study researcher Matthew Lakier.

“You will be able to play games with other people in autonomous vehicles nearby when the car is driving itself. The games will be imposed on top of the actual world, so drivers won’t have to take their eyes off the road, ” Lakier added.

Self-driving cars have many intelligent technologies that help to keep them safe, and the researchers envision that in the future, vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication and heads-up displays (HUDs) will also become standard features.

V2V enables cars to let each other know where they are relative to each other on the road, and HUDs on the windshield keep drivers aware of the car’s speed and road conditions.

In developing the three games, the researchers first undertook an extensive literature review to identify gaps in previous research done about autonomous vehicles and found that not much attention has been given to cross-car games.

They then developed a virtual reality (VR) driving simulator to render the car cabin, outside environment, and roadway with artificially controlled cars and intelligent computer-controlled players.

Autonomous Vehicles
Researchers have designed multiplayer games where occupants of Autonomous Vehicles can play with other players in self-driving cars within near distance. Pixabay

The VR driving simulator is designed as a framework to enable rapid prototyping of in-car games that leverage future technologies like V2V, full window HUDs, head tracking, and different input methods.

Twelve participants evaluated the three cross-car games.

They played the games, with occasional take-over tasks, completed the Player Experience Inventory questionnaire to measure player experience, and answered questions in a semi-structured interview.

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“Overall, the participants rated the games highly in immersion, there was a positive response to the incorporation of HUDs in the games, and the different game styles did not significantly impact the take-over task completion time. All games were popular for different reasons,” said Lakier.

The study was presented at the Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play. (IANS)