Tuesday February 20, 2018

Paradise on Earth : The uncovered history of Kashmir

2
//
624
photo source: http://www.tripshope.com/
Republish
Reprint

By Shriya Katoch

Kashmir, often called paradise on Earth, has a very rich and diverse history with rulers from different different religions ruling over the land and influencing its culture .

In the 1st half of the millennium Kashmir was the epicentre for the growth of Kashmiri Shaivism. In the latter half did Islam alter the course of Kashmiri culture. The rise of Islam in Kashmir took place between the 13th to 15th century.  From influence of Hindusim, and Islam making inroads, a new phenomenon emerged what is called Modern Kashmir Sufi Mysticism.
According to folklore the name Kashmir actually means ” desiccated land ” , and it is believed that the valley of Kashmir once was a deep lake. Legend has it that the lake was drained by great rishi Kashyapa , son of Brahma , by cutting a way between the hills . When Kashmir had been drained Kashyapa asked the Brahman’s to set base there.

On October 16, 1586, Mughal army invaded the kingdom of Kashmir and overthrew Kashmir’s last ruler Yaqub Shah Chak . Mughals ruled Kashmir for 167 long years, with the help of 35 governors under rulers ranging from Akbar through Aurangzeb up to Ahmad Shah independent ruler.

Maharaja Hari Singh was the last ruler of Jammu and Kashmir. He was a Hindu king ruling over a Muslim majority ( because of the forceful conversions that mughals before him had subjected the population too). He ascended over the throne in 1925 . He did not discriminate between his Muslim and Hindu subjects unlike his Mughal counterparts. He gave importance to meritocracy and appointed a lot of Muslims in his court.

The Muslim and Hindu population have coexisted in peace for centuries , however throughout history there has been some rulers that have subjected Hindu minorities to cruelties and carried out forceful conversions. The forceful dislocation in 1990 of the Kashmiri Pandit community draws from this secessionist behaviour. The Kashmiri Pandit community have been dislocated from their millennia old home .made refugees in their own homeland all because Islamic radicals wanted to make Kashmir an all Muslim state.

Due to this extremist agenda Kashmiri Pandits still live in refugee camps for the past 26 years in inhumane conditions.

The history of Kashmir has been splattered in bloodshed with people from different religions struggling to coexist. Ethnic cleansing has marred their past , but Kashmir still lives on.

You may also like to read another article published at NewsGarm on the similar theme: http://www.newsgram.com/plight-of-kashmiri-pandits/

Shriya Katoch multitasks as an Engineering student,an avid reader,a guitar player and a death note fan. Twitter: @katochshriya538

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2016 NewsGram

  • a

    So do you suggest a mass reconversion of Kashmiri Muslims back into Hinduism ?

    • Shriya Katoch

      Of course not . All I’m saying is that Pakistan should quit badgering India on a prerogative that its majorly muslim populated. That’s all .

  • a

    So do you suggest a mass reconversion of Kashmiri Muslims back into Hinduism ?

    • Shriya Katoch

      Of course not . All I’m saying is that Pakistan should quit badgering India on a prerogative that its majorly muslim populated. That’s all .

Next Story

Will prohibiting Burqa result in freedom from under house arrest or religious bias?

According to Islam, it is not necessary to cover the face.

0
//
35
Due to Burqa women can go and vote multiple times. This increases corruption in the election. Wikimedia Commons
Due to Burqa women can go and vote multiple times. This increases corruption in the election. Wikimedia Commons

In recent years there have been several incidents involving the Burqa. In 2009, a state college in Karnataka told a student she was not allowed to attend classes wearing a Burqa. It was later reported that the young girl reached a “compromise arrangement” with the college but did not continue in the same college. Days later, violent protests sparked in Hyderabad after a college principal allegedly told students not to wear a Burqa.

But opposite episodes have also occurred. In July 2010, a teacher at Kolkata’s Aliah University, which has a focus on Islamic studies, was not allowed to teach without a Burqa. The report followed an official notice released in April 2010, in which the university dismissed suggestions it enforced a dress code, mentioning specifically the use of the Burqa within its campus.

There is steep rise in the cases related to crime against burqa clad women. Wikimedia Commons
There is a steep rise in the cases related to crime against Burqa-clad women. Wikimedia Commons

At some point imposing a ban on Burqa will be beneficial…
Point 1:
According to Islam, it is not necessary to cover the face. Hands and face can be uncovered. So banning won’t conflict freedom of practicing religion. And it will not be against any religion.
Point 2:
There are security issues. Imagine man/women under burqa leaves a bag in a public place which later blasts. Now, what do police have? CCTV cameras, forget face they cannot determine if is it male or female due to Burqa. It is the biggest security Loophole.
Point 3:
Many Muslim women do not have a bank account because they are not allowed to cover their face in bank premises. If you didn’t know then yes you cannot cover your face with bank premises and ATM.
Point 4:
It’s easy to have multiple voters ID. Due to Burqa women can go and vote multiple times. This increases corruption in the election.
Point 5:
Crimes under Burqa are on the rise. Murder, kidnapping, robbery are been carried out using Burqa. It’s the biggest advantage for criminals.

What Noorjehan Safia says…
Noorjehan Safia Niaz, a founding member of Bhartiya Muslim Mahila Andolan, a movement which works to improve the status of Muslim women in India, said security concerns have not been a major issue when it comes to dressing. “Muslim women in India comply with all the laws. They are active participants when it comes to elections and has their photos on their passports. So identification and security have never been an issue as such,” she said.
Discrimination, however, has sometimes caused problems, said Ms. Niaz. “There are cases when women are not considered for a particular job because they wear a Burqa. In such cases, women have negotiated. They do not wear Burqa while at work but before and after it they put it on.” Overall, Ms. Niaz said that women themselves – not the law – should decide what to wear. “Let each woman decide what she wants to wear. Neither can you enforce a ban on Burqa nor can you force women to wear it.”