By Ruchika Verma
- Parliament of India is the supreme legislative authority in India
- Indian Parliament is divided into two houses – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
- Indian Parliament is one of the biggest and has a very intricate architecture
Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body in India. It controls and creates all the bills and laws in the country. Parliament of India is bicameral. It is divided into two parts namely Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Lok Sabha is called the Lower House and Rajya Sabha is referred to as the Upper House.
Rajya Sabha has 238 members wheres the Lok Sabha seats are 545 is number. The term of Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha are 6 years and 5 years respectively. The head of the Parliament of India is the Indian President. The proceedings in Lok Sabha is controlled by the speaker of Lok Sabha whereas, in Rajya Sabha, there is a chairman.
Apart from these basic facts, here are some other interesting Indian Parliament facts you may not have known before:
- Parliament of India is called the Sansad or Bhartiya Sansad
- The Parliament of India is circular in shape which represents the “Continuity.” The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha halls are constructed in the shape of a horseshoe.
- The carpets in the halls of the Parliament of India are also very significant. Lok Sabha’s hall’s carpet is green in colour which represents the people that are elected from grass root level. The hall of Rajya Sabha is adorned with red carpet which denotes royalty and is a constant remembrance of the struggle faced by our freedom fighters.
- The library in the Parliament House is the second largest library of India after the National Library in Kolkata.
- Indian Parliament has a canteen, and it is the cheapest canteen in the country with a 3-course veg meal available for Rs. 61 only.
- Rishang Keishing is the oldest members who served the Parliament of India. He was a member of Rajya Sabha twice and retired at the age of 92.
- The first female speaker of Parliament of India was Meira Kumar.
- According to rules between two sessions of parliament, there should not be a gap of more than 6 months.
- In Parliament of India, as per common practice, Question Hour starts at 11 a.m. where MPs put forward their questions. The Zero Hour starts at 12 noon where MPs can discuss general questions.
- The office of President in the Parliament is in the room no. 13, which is considered inauspicious by many.