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Parliament of Poland Rejects Proposed Abortion Ban Law in the Country

Poland's influential Catholic Church initially gave the initiative its seal of approval earlier this year, though its bishops have since opposed jailing women

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Polish women shout slogans while raising a hanger, the symbol of illegal abortion, during a nationwide strike and demonstration to protest a legislative proposal for a total ban on abortion in Warsaw, Poland, Oct. 3, 2016. VOA

October 7, 2016: Lawmakers in Poland voted on Thursday to reject a plan that would effectively ban nearly all abortions in the country after mass protests prompted some to reverse their position.

The decision came after a Polish parliamentary committee voted down the abortion ban bill on Wednesday and urged the majority rightwing parliament to follow suit when it voted on the bill Thursday.

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The full parliament voted 352-58 against the abortion plan.

Poland already bans abortion except in cases of rape, incest, a threat to the life of the mother or irreparable damage to the fetus. The rejected law would have made abortion illegal in all instances, with potential prison terms of up to five years for women and doctors who defy the law.

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Tens of thousands of women went on strike Monday, wearing all black and demonstrating in the streets of Poland’s cities to protest the proposal.

Jaroslaw Gowin, the minister of science and higher education, said that the protests “caused us to think and taught us humility,” The Associated Press reported. “There will not be a total abortion ban.”

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Poland’s influential Catholic Church initially gave the initiative its seal of approval earlier this year, though its bishops have since opposed jailing women.

The proposal to ban abortion came about after a nationwide signature drive garnered support from 450,000 residents, even though the majority of Poland’s 38 million residents opposed the plan. (VOA)

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Missouri Assembly Approves Bill to Prohibit Women from Seeking Abortion

Republican Gov. Mike Parson is expected to sign the bill into law. He has said he would make Missouri "one of the strongest pro-life states in the country"

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FILE - Lights shine on the Missouri Capitol in Jefferson City, Mo. VOA

The lower house of the Missouri General Assembly passed a bill on Friday to prohibit women from seeking an abortion after the eighth week of pregnancy, days after Alabama enacted the most restrictive abortion law in the United States.

The House of Representatives gave its final legislative approval in a 110-44 vote after protesters were removed from the public gallery. Missouri senators overwhelmingly approved the legislation Thursday.

Republican Gov. Mike Parson is expected to sign the bill into law. He has said he would make Missouri “one of the strongest pro-life states in the country.”

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FILE – Missouri Gov. Mike Parson arrives for a news conference in his Capitol office in Jefferson City, May 14, 2019. VOA

The bill allows for an abortion after the eighth week only in the case of medical emergencies. On Wednesday, Alabama banned abortions at any time, with the same exception.

Similar laws have been proposed in more than a dozen other states as Republican-controlled legislatures push to restrict the rights of women to terminate their pregnancies.

Renewed efforts to roll back Roe v. Wade, the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion nationwide in 1973, have been emboldened by two judicial appointments by President Donald Trump that have given conservatives a solid majority on the court.

At a time when U.S. rates of abortion have sharply declined, the appointments have put fresh energy into the political struggle between religious conservatives and others who believe fetuses should have rights comparable to those of babies after birth, and those who see such restrictions as an infringement on women’s rights. The re-energized debate coincides with the run-up to the 2020 U.S. presidential
election.

Abortion-rights activists argue that rolling back 45 years of legal precedent to criminalize abortion would endanger women who seek dangerous illegal abortions.

Health risk?

U.S. abortion-rights activists have vowed to go to court to block enforcement of the Alabama law, which is scheduled to take effect in six months.

The Missouri bill passed the Senate on Thursday in a party-line vote, with 24 Republicans supporting it and 10 Democrats opposed.

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Protesters march through the halls of the Missouri Capitol, outside the House chamber, May 17, 2019, in Jefferson City, in opposition to legislation prohibiting abortions after the eighth week of pregnancy. VOA

In common with the Alabama bill, it would outlaw abortion even in the case of rape or incest and make violations by doctors punishable by prison sentences.

The measure would not make women who seek out the procedure subject to criminal prosecution, although opponents of the statute said it was ambiguous about the criminal liability of a woman accused of inducing her own miscarriage.

The measure also would ban abortions altogether except for medical emergencies should the Supreme Court overturn Roe v. Wade.

As of May, lawmakers have introduced legislation to restrict abortions in at least 16 states this year. Governors in four have signed bills into law banning the procedure if an embryonic heartbeat can be detected, generally considered to be as early as six weeks.

Some Republicans pushing for abortion restrictions acknowledge they are deliberately doing so to instigate court challenges that will ultimately force the Supreme Court to reconsider Roe v. Wade.

ALSO READ: Alabama Lawmakers Passes Near-Total Ban on Abortion

The ruling held that the due process clause of the 14th Amendment provides a fundamental right to privacy that protects a woman’s right to abortion.

It also allowed states to place restrictions on the procedure from the time a fetus could viably survive outside the womb. The opinion stated that viability is usually placed at about seven months, or 28 weeks, but may occur earlier. (VOA)