Saturday August 18, 2018

Study Shows That A Quarter of People Worldwide Will be Obese by 2045

Owing to current lifestyle trends, almost a quarter (22 per cent) of the people in the world will be obese by 2045, up from 14 per cent in 2017, researchers say.

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The results suggested central obesity might be significantly associated with moderate or severe symptoms.
The results suggested central obesity might be significantly associated with moderate or severe symptoms.. Pixabay
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Owing to current lifestyle trends, almost a quarter (22 per cent) of the people in the world will be obese by 2045, up from 14 per cent in 2017, researchers say.

The startling projections, presented at 2018 European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, also demonstrated that the prevalence of diabetes will increase from 9.1 percent to 11.7 percent by 2045, which will result in one out of eight people around the world to suffer from Type-2 diabetes.

“These numbers underline the staggering challenge the world will face in the future in terms of numbers of people who are obese or have Type-2 diabetes or both. As well as the medical challenges these people will face, the costs to countries’ health systems will be enormous,” said Alan Moses, Chief Medical Officer at the Novo Nordisk — a Denmark-based healthcare company.

Overweight means having more body weight than is considered normal or healthy for one's age or build, while obesity is the condition of the excess amount of body fat with a body mass index (BMI) of over 30.
Representational Image, pixabay

According to the researchers, in order to prevent the prevalence of Type-2 diabetes from going above 10 percent in 2045, global obesity levels must be reduced by 25 percent.

For the study, the population of all countries from 2000-2014 was divided into age groups which were further subdivided on the basis of body mass index (BMI). The diabetes risk for each age and BMI group was then applied, allowing estimations of diabetes prevalence for each country each year.

The researchers said that immediate action will not result in reversing the epidemic of diabetes and obesity quickly, however, it is essential to prevent new cases of obesity and diabetes.

Also Read: India Stands Second on the Highest Number of Obese Children in 2015

“Despite the challenge all countries are facing with obesity and diabetes, the tide can be turned – but it will take aggressive and coordinated action to reduce obesity and individual cities should play a key role in confronting the issues around obesity, some of which are common to them all and others that are unique to each of them,” Moses said. (IANS)

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Obesity During Pregnancy May up Kids’ Risk of Epilepsy

In addition, complications related to neonatal-asphyxia -- the state of being deprived of oxygen --, as well as less severe neonatal complications, were also independently associated with increased risk of childhood epilepsy

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The risk for children with mothers in the grade III obesity category was 82 per cent. Pixabay

Women who are overweight or obese during their pregnancy may significantly increase the risk for children developing epilepsy, a study has showed.

Epilepsy is a disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, causing seizures.

The results showed that the risk of epilepsy increased by 11 per cent in children of overweight mothers (BMI of 25 to less than 30) compared with children and normal-weight mothers.

While women with grade I obesity (BMI 30 to less than 35) increased the risk 20 by per cent, those with grade II obesity (BMI 35 to less than 40) raised the risk by 30 per cent.

The risk for children with mothers in the grade III obesity category was 82 per cent.

Pregnancy
Representational image. Pixabay

“Given that overweight and obesity are potentially modifiable risk factors, prevention of obesity in women of reproductive age may be an important public health strategy to reduce the incidence of epilepsy,” said Neda Razaz, from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.

Maternal overweight and obesity may increase the risk of brain injury, leading to a range of neurodevelopmental disorders, or that maternal obesity might affect neurodevelopment through obesity-induced inflammation, leading to epilepsy, the researchers argued, in the article published online by JAMA Neurology.

Also Read: How to Protect Skin From Sunburn

In addition, complications related to neonatal-asphyxia — the state of being deprived of oxygen –, as well as less severe neonatal complications, were also independently associated with increased risk of childhood epilepsy. (Bollywood Country)

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