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The India chapter of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) has urged all political parties to refrain from using animals for poll campaigns as per the Election Commission’s (EC) model code of conduct guidelines.
In a statement released on Monday, PETA India said that it has fired off letters to the heads of all political parties, urging them to follow the EC’s model code of conduct which bans the use of animals in poll campaigns.
The seven-phase Lok Sabha elections will be held between April 11 and May 19. The results will be out on May 23.
In the letter, the animal rights body said that using animals in election campaigns was “unnecessary, archaic and cruel”.
“During these campaigns, animals are terrified by being forced into the middle of screaming crowds. They’re often beaten, whipped, kicked and terrorised while being paraded through the streets by shouting mobs. They’re also often forced to carry loads in excess of their physical capacities, denied adequate food and water, and seriously injured in the mayhem,” it said.
According to the model code of conduct, “Even a party, having reserved (a) symbol depicting an animal, should not make live demonstration of that animal in any election campaign of the party/any of its candidate(s).”
It also states that the display of animals in road shows is totally banned.
“Political parties and candidates should stick to eye-catching and creative campaigns that don’t subject animals to frightening, frenetic crowds,” PETA India Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Manilal Valliyate said in the statement.
The body also appealed to the general public to report any use of animals in poll campaigns through the EC’s VIGIL mobile app. (IANS)
Birbal, an intelligent and witty man, was a beloved courtier to Emperor Akbar. He was one of the youngest men of the court, who had the greatest influence on the ruler. Despite his Hindu background, he supported the Mughal ruler and even adopted Din-i-ilahi towards the end of his life. He died in a battle that he led against a rebel army. He belonged to the precious nine courtiers of Akbar's court known as the Navratnas (nine gems).
Born as Mahesh Das, Birbal was renamed in Akbar's court. He solved many petty issues with his wit and is known as a man of practical wisdom. He lives on today in the literature that shapes children's formative years, in application comedy for adults, and in folktales for everyone else. His wisdom is so unique and so practical that it does not take too much to understand it. At the same time, it is not something that can be easily emulated.
There are certain instances where Birbal's wit is not entirely useful, nonetheless, it provides for a good laugh. As a man who set out to make a change in the world, particularly in a king's court, he is a man who has left a rather impressive legacy for humility, loyalty, and unbounded talent. Although his position in the court was perhaps far more important than that of a jester, he is portrayed as one, and this remains for centuries.
He lives on in the tales of grandparents, in moral science textbooks for young children, and sometimes unconsciously in the decisions that we take daily. Many of the stories we have heard ourselves through various sources remain with us and reflect in the way we look at situations and understand their outcomes.
Birbal, as a character in a story, will not die away anytime soon. As a stalwart for common sense, and a symbol of exercising the innate ability to reason everyday phenomena, he will remain immortal in literature. Children of today and those of tomorrow will surely never tire of reading about him and his marvellous witticisms.
Keywords: Birbal Literature, Witticism, Navratna, Mughal rule in India, Akbar's nine gems, Indian literature
Just as much as man has evolved from the time of the nomads, his practices and rituals have grown more and more sophisticated. With time, things that once were just formalities have acquired ritual significance and are observed in solemnity. Death was once something that marked the end, but now is an important life change event that is memorialized. Some people come alive only after death.
In nomadic times, men buried their dead companions or family along the route they traveled. They would place a stone or any heavy object over it, to prevent the soil from becoming loose around the body, or to keep it safe from scavengers. This practice is no longer followed as the animal kingdom and man's world have become distinct from each other.
Europe is dotted with Stonehenge clusters, which are historical pieces of evidence of human progress. It is a keen and detailed system that human ancestors devised for burying their dead. Carbon dating suggests the presence of decomposed remains, but its actual significance is speculated.
The Egyptians devised building pyramids in which they laid their dead. They are one of the earliest civilizations to propagate the idea of an afterlife. They filled the pyramids with earthly treasures, all of which they believed were required in the next life.
Traditional orthodox graves with elaborate gravestones Image credit: Photo by Robert Linder on Unsplash
When devastating plagues hit countries, the dead were buried in masses. Walls were built around these sites to contain the dead bodies and to prevent them from spilling out. Later superstitions and folklore about the 'undead' forced people to place crosses and crucifixes on graves to keep their loved ones from turning into blood-sucking vampires. Sometimes, coffins were pierced in the centre with a large stake to prevent the deceased from waking up again. Gravestones were laid to make sure that the person did not escape. Sometimes, an intact gravestone was an indicator of a pure soul.
The Renaissance instilled a scientific spirit of inquiry, which caused brilliant advancements in every field, but this came at rather bizarre costs. Students of human anatomy needed a basis for their theories and were often found vandalizing property, digging up the dead to use for dissection. Laws were passed against this, but it was a practice that prevailed. Some of the most famous principles of medicine come from this era.
Burying the dead has changed so much with the times. Today's practice of laying gravestones has no preventive measures like those in the past. Instead, they serve to immortalize the dead. It is to fulfill the life of the person by laying them to rest in their final earthly abode and leaving behind a marker of their life either by a symbol, a quote, or a verse that best describes them. As the population of the world continues to grow, land space for burial is growing scarce, and gravestones are now becoming a rare privilege.
Keywords: Ritual Practice, Graves, Memorial tombs, plague disease, white plague
The sporting industry thrives on the success of the patron teams, or at least, teams that the people love. It is common knowledge how much time and energy people are willing to spend watching matches between their favourite team and its rival. Matches that take place across the world, in different time zones, do not matter much when it comes to expressing patronage for a star player or team. Late nights, crowded sitting rooms, and rain-checked appointments are absolutely welcome during match season.
Cricket has gained the world's love when it comes to making them stop everything and stare at a screen, awaiting the next run, boundary, or wicket. No other sport across the world receives as much love and undying allegiance. In this scenario, it is only natural to have an entire system in place that makes use of this immense love for the sport. Creating leagues that run annually, and pit one team against another, to measure prowess, skill, and popularity does not seem odd at all. In fact, it pumps the adrenaline more than ever, and receives an incredible amount of support. People will do anything to watch their team in action one more time.
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Like in every other cricket-loving nation, Australia's Big Bash League reigns supreme among the predictors, who weigh the statistics of each team, player, and season. They go by the name of KFC Big Bash League, more popularly, BBL, and were established in 2011. Their franchise Twenty20 matches are held during the summer season, between the months of December and February. Currently, there are six local teams, Sydney Sixers, Perth Scorchers, and so on, the former being the latest champion. Apart from the Indian Premier League, BBL has the most attendance.
A batsman swinging the ball Image credit: Photo by Yogendra Singh on Unsplash
Since the world's eyes are on Australia anyway during this season, BBL also predicts its winners and losers, hosting events and putting up charts of the same. Experts that work under them regularly update the ravenous public about the latest developments based on experience, how often team members change hands, leadership developments, and even predict the success of each player in turn. The BBL points table sees a raving amount of reviews each year from the publicity of the franchise itself. People from all over world want to be able to know the outcome of the match beforehand, to increase the excitement of watching it.
Over the years, newer features have been introduced to make the franchise more enticing. Awards, both real and imaginary, are handed out to winners, and to exceptional players. Online betting also takes place to see who wins and who loses, based on personal opinions coupled with the experts' predictions. The BBL chart is extremely useful in this context. They even have a Women's Big Bash League that is gaining momentum.
Also read: The Ultimate Cricket Stay
The odds offered by BBL takes into account all the minute factors that most predictors do not pay attention to, such as weather conditions, and a list of probable players, including match details. What makes BBL reliable is that the experts who give out suggestions do their best field work, and have sound knowledge of the game and players. On Crictips, BBL has truly made a name for itself as an all-round cricket guide to all kinds of sporting audiences.
(Disclaimer: This article is sponsored and contains some commercial links)
Keywords: Australia, BBL, Crictips, Cricket, Betting