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Political Stability is just an Illusion: For protection against Violence, Children in Yemen collect money for UN

The UN reports said, close to 2000 children were killed in Yemen in 2015 and 750 young boys were recruited as soldiers in the war

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Yemen
Saudi-led air strike on Sana'a, 12 June 2015: Saudi Arabia is operating without a UN mandate. Image courtesy: Wikimedia commons
  • End of war announced in Yemen is just an illusion, say experts
  • United Nations was forced to remove Saudi-led coalition from list of countries inflicting violence upon children due to financial pressure
  • Many human rights groups as well as mayor of Sanaa have publicly criticized the UN for this move

The ceasefire that was declared in Yemen two months ago is just an illusion of peace, as was construed by the public statements that experts have issued. Therefore, the politically aware Yemeni population is infuriated by the fact that United Nations removed the Saudi-led coalition from the list of countries that inflict violence upon children. Military planes, missiles and bombs continue to plague the country incessantly. By doing so, Political analyst and journalist Nasser Arrabyee said that the UN is officially supporting ‘war crimes’ in Saudi Arabia.

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Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, through his Twitter account, announced that war in Yemen was “practically” over, though Emirati troops, that support the Saudi-led coalition, may continue to stay in the war-torn country for counter-terrorism purposes. UAE has also helped the coalition drive out Al-Qaida from the southern coastal city of Mukalla.

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Sana’a. Image courtesy: Wikimedia commons

Yemen has been facing a civil war for over two years now. The main participants are Houthi militants, which are supported by former Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh and Iran, and the coalition that has been relentlessly fighting to restore the internationally recognized Yemeni government. With powerful allies in the form of Iran, the Shiite Houthi group controls Sana’a, the capital of Yemen and much of the northern part as well. Civilians caught in between are living their worst years in Yemen not to mention child deaths.

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The United Nations reports that close to 2000 children were killed in Yemen in 2015 and 750 young boys were recruited as soldiers in the war. Almost 60% of the damage was inflicted by the coalition, based on which the political body was initially kept on the UN list.

The United Nations received wide scale criticism from many human rights groups including Oxfam, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch in the form of open letters to Ban ki-Moon urging it to put up the coalition on the list based on impartial evidence and not politics.

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Ban ki-Moon. Image courtesy: Wikimedia commons

Ban ki-Moon made a public statement stating that United Nations was under “undue pressure” from certain members threatening to cut off financial supplies to various humanitarian programs that the UN offered.

“I also had to consider the very real prospect that millions of other children would suffer grievously if, as was suggested to me, countries would de-fund many U.N. programs,” Ban said.  “Children already at risk in Palestine, South Sudan, Syria, Yemen and so many other places would fall further into despair.”

A group of children have started collecting money outside the UN office in a campaign spearheaded by the mayor of Sanaa, which is apparently a response to Ban’s announcement last week. It also intends to shame the United Nations for caving under financial pressure from the coalition and its ally members.

This development questions the credibility of the United Nations. Even temporarily removing Saudi Arabia from the list due to sudden financial threats sets a poor example, according to experts.

-prepared by Saurabh Bodas(with inputs from VOA), an intern at NewsGram. Twitter: @saurabhbodas96

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  • AJ Krish

    The plight of children in such war-torn countries is really bad.Politics should never influence the UN from doing the right thing.

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US Researchers Redefine Conditions that Makes a Planet Habitable

The researchers also found that planets with thin ozone layers, which have otherwise habitable surface temperatures, receive dangerous levels of UV dosages

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Planet
Instruments, such as the Hubble Space Telescope and James Webb Space Telescope, have the capability to detect water vapor and ozone on a Planet. Pixabay

A team of US researchers has redefined the conditions that make a Planet habitable by taking the star’s radiation and the planet’s rotation rate into account – a discovery that will help astronomers narrow down the search around life-sustaining planets.

The research team is the first to combine 3D climate modeling with atmospheric chemistry to explore the habitability of planets around M dwarf stars, which comprise about 70 per cent of the total galactic population.

Among its findings, the Northwestern team, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder, NASA’s Virtual Planet Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, discovered that only planets orbiting active stars — those that emit a lot of ultraviolet (UV) radiation — lose significant water to vaporization.

Planets around inactive, or quiet, stars are more likely to maintain life-sustaining liquid water.

The researchers also found that planets with thin ozone layers, which have otherwise habitable surface temperatures, receive dangerous levels of UV dosages, making them hazardous for complex surface life.

“It’s only in recent years that we have had the modeling tools and observational technology to address this question,” said Northwestern’s Howard Chen, the study’s first author.

“Still, there are a lot of stars and planets out there, which means there are a lot of targets,” added Daniel Horton, senior author of the study. “Our study can help limit the number of places we have to point our telescopes”.

The research was published in the Astrophysical Journal.

Horton and Chen are looking beyond our solar system to pinpoint the habitable zones within M dwarf stellar systems.

M dwarf planets have emerged as frontrunners in the search for habitable planets.

Planet
A team of US researchers has redefined the conditions that make a Planet habitable by taking the star’s radiation and the planet’s rotation rate into account. Pixabay

They get their name from the small, cool, dim stars around which they orbit, called M dwarfs or “red dwarfs”.

By coupling 3D climate modeling with photochemistry and atmospheric chemistry, Horton and Chen constructed a more complete picture of how a star’s UV radiation interacts with gases, including water vapor and ozone, in the planet’s atmosphere.

Instruments, such as the Hubble Space Telescope and James Webb Space Telescope, have the capability to detect water vapor and ozone on exoplanets. They just need to know where to look.

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“‘Are we alone?’ is one of the biggest unanswered questions,” Chen said. “If we can predict which planets are most likely to host life, then we might get that much closer to answering it within our lifetimes.” (IANS)