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Afghan women around the world are protesting the Taliban's new hijab diktat in schools by posting photos of themselves wearing colorful traditional dresses on social media, CNN reported.
The Taliban have mandated the segregation of genders in classrooms and said that female students, lecturers and employees must wear hijabs in accordance with the group's interpretation of Sharia law. Photos have emerged of a group of female students wearing head-to-toe black robes and waving Taliban flags in the lecture hall of a government-run university in Kabul. Other Afghan women responded by posting pictures of themselves in bright and colorful traditional Afghan dresses -- a stark contrast to the black hijab mandate outlined by the Taliban.
Afghan women protest Taliban's hijab diktat by sharing photos in colourful dresses. by ians
Bahar Jalali, a former faculty member of the American University of Afghanistan according to her LinkedIn profile, helped kick off the picture posting campaign, according to other women who shared photos on Twitter., CNN reported.
Jalali tweeted a picture of a woman in a full black dress and veil and said: "No woman has ever dressed like this in the history of Afghanistan. This is utterly foreign and alien to Afghan culture. I posted my pic in the traditional Afghan dress to inform, educate and dispel the misinformation that is being propagated by Taliban." Other Afghan women soon followed her lead on social media, the report added.
Waslat Hasrat-Nazimi, head of the Afghan service at DW News, tweeted a picture of herself in traditional Afghan dress and headdress with the comment: "This is Afghan culture and this is how Afghan women dress."
Shekiba Teimori, an Afghan singer and activist who fled Kabul last month, told CNN that the "hijab existed before Kabul's fall. We could see Hijabi women, but this was based on family decisions and not the government." She said before the Taliban came to Afghanistan, her ancestors were "wearing the same colorful Afghan dresses you see in my pictures".(IANS/HP)
Keywords: Afghan Women, Afghanistan, Sharia law, Taliban, Hijab Diktat, Afghan dresses
Nursery rhymes are a tool used by education institutions to teach language, stories, composition, and imaginations. Little children are often found crooning these little verses at random occasions. At first glance, these rhymes certainly appear quite random, but there is a rather dark history to their origin.
'Baa Baa Black Sheep' was written in the time of the Trans-Atlantic Slave , at the time when colonization was a fully established movement in many parts of the world. Children in Britain began to sing it in 1879, interestingly, to the same tune as 'Twinkle Twinkle Little Star' and 'Alphabet Song'.
File photo of slave trade during colonisation in Africa Image source: wikimedia commons
If one pays close attention to the rhyme, it addresses a black sheep, which politically is ascribed as a reference to the black man in a white country. Slaves were usually placed on farms and plantations, where they had to work in harsh conditions. Harvesting crops, working with dairy, and shearing sheep would have been the tasks they regularly carried out. calling out to the little black sheep, asking for wool seems likely on the part of the white men and women.
Woolen garments made from black and grey wool, popular in Britain Image source: Photo by Guilia Bertelli on Unsplash
Another possible allusion this rhyme could have been to the Great Custom. During the medieval age in Europe, when England was at the heyday of her wool trade. Again, in the backdrop of colonialism, wool was being exported and imported for cloth. When the Crusades began, Edward I imposed a heavy tax on the people for using wool, to generate extra money to fund the war. The reference to master and dame in the rhyme are possibly to the nobility who might have been able to buy the wool at such exorbitant prices as opposed to the common man ("little boy down the lane").
Today, while little ones sing this rhyme, they know nothing about the history that might have inspired it. It is sung in right earnest about sheep and wool, and many versions have evolved that are far removed from the dark history of the rhyme.
Keywords: Rhymes, Wool, Sheep, Slave Trade, Britain, Great Custom
Myanmar troops killed several members of a local "defense force" in a day of clashes, the junta said Friday, with local residents and media reporting at least 10 dead.
The country has been in turmoil since a February coup and a military crackdown on dissent that has killed more than 1,000 people, according to a local monitoring group.
In some areas, locals -- often using hunting rifles or homemade weapons -- have formed "defense forces" to fight back.
Junta troops were attacked with "small arms and homemade guns" as they entered Myin Thar village in the western Magway region on Thursday, army spokesman Zaw Min Tun told state-backed People Media.
The soldiers, who were searching for members of a local "Peoples' Defense Force" had killed a number of fighters, he said, without giving an exact figure, adding they had seized 23 guns.
"More than 10 people from my village were shot and killed," one Myin Thar resident said on condition of anonymity.
Soldiers set fire to several houses after the clash, they said.
A resident of neighboring Thar Lin village said locals fled at the sounds of the fighting and were now sheltering in a local monastery or in the jungle.
Local media reported between 10 and 15 locals had been killed.
Clashes involving civilian militias and the military have largely been restricted to rural areas but in June at least six people died in a gun battle in the country's second city of Mandalay.
On Tuesday around a dozen military-owned communications towers were destroyed, the same day a shadow government working to reverse the coup called for a "people's defensive war against the junta."
The "National Unity Government" which claims to be the country's legitimate government, is made up of dissident lawmakers in hiding or exile, many of them from ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi's party.
The junta has defended its power grab by alleging massive fraud during elections in late 2020 which Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy won by a landslide. (VOA/RN)
Keywords: Myanmar, Self-Defense, Junta troops, Pauk Township
On 12 September 1996, a speech took place in the Lok Sabha of the Indian parliament, wherein it was introduced that from now on, one-third of seats will be reserved for women in the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies. But, when we look at the present scenario of women representation in the Indian parliament, it is evident how the Women's Reservation Bill exists only on paper and is yet to become operational
Even an analysis was done by the PRS Legislative Research, and it showed that less than fifteen percent of the women are a part of the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies. Moreover, it is understood that when there is less representation of women in the legislative bodies, then its impact is directly seen on the country's decision making and policy framing.
In fact, globally, India stands at the 148th position out of a list of 193 countries when it comes to women representation in their national parliaments. When twenty-five years ago, the bill regarding women's representation was introduced in the parliament, loud debates and voices of resistance were heard. Even objectionable comments on women and their minimal role in the society were made. Many regional and national parties, like the right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Congress, and the United Front coalition government which brought the first legislation in 1996, have made numerous attempts to pass the bill.
When asked from many women political leaders, they said that the bill exists only on paper because men are incapable of giving up their seats to women. Photo by Liam Edwards on Unsplash
When asked from many women political leaders, they said that the bill exists only on paper because men are incapable of giving up their seats to women. Even if you see today, only one state is represented by a woman, and that is West Bengal whose chief minister is Mamata Banerjee. This clearly shows a wide gap between the representation of men and women in Indian politics.
Back in 2014, when Lok Sabha elections took place, BJP and Congress, both the leading parties of India committed to implement the bill. But as we know, it did not happen. In fact, it is vile to see how even the “panchayat" or village level government secures fifty percent reservation for women. But, the same could not be done at a national level.
Seeing this situation, we must note that the representation of women in a country matters significantly because it affects directly on the nature of the country. In easy terms, the more the representation of women, the more will the country elevate. Hence, it is high time to make the Women's Reservation Bill operational and successful in India, which is one of the larger democracies of the world.
Keywords: Women, Representation, Equality, India, Democracy, Parliament, Governments.