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Indira Gandhi, the third prime minister of India and also the first and, to date, only female prime minister of India. She served as prime minister of India from January 1966 to March 1977 and again from January 1980 until the unfortunate day when she was assassinated in October 1984. She was shot at 9:29 a.m. on 31 October 1984 at her residence in Safdarjung Road, New Delhi by two of her "Sikh bodyguards", Satwant Singh and Beant Singh. She was shot at 9:29 a.m. on 31 October 1984 at her residence in Safdarjung Road, New Delhi by two of her "Sikh bodyguards", Satwant Singh and Beant Singh.
Just a day before her death at a public rally in Bhubaneswar Indira Gandhi spoke about the possibility of a violent end to her life which turned prophetic in just a day. In her speech she said-
"I am alive today, I may not be there tomorrow . . . I do not care whether I live or die . . . I have lived a long life and I am proud that I spent the whole of my life in the service of my people . . . I shall continue to serve till my last breath and when I die, every drop of my blood will strengthen India and keep a united India alive."
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Operation Blue Star
The assassination happened in the aftermath of the "Operation Blue Star" carried out by the Indian Army under the directive of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
Operation Blue Star was a large Indian military operation carried out and assault between 1st and 8th June 1984, to remove leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his followers from the buildings of the Harmandir Sahib complex aka the Golden Temple in Amritsar, Punjab. Thousands of people including both the Army and the militants fell victim to the violence and lost their lives.
Post Operation Blue Star and Assassination
Post Operation Blue Star the Intelligence viewed that the threat to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's life had increased and accordingly they removed Sikhs from her bodyguard due to the fear of an assassination happening. In contrary to the decision of the Intelligence Bureau Indira Gandhi wanted to change her anti-Sikh image among the public and strengthen herself against the political opponents. So, she ordered the Special Protection Group to rescind the transfer order and reinstate her Sikh Bodyguards, including Beant Singh who was her personal favorite as she trusted him after his many years of service.
But on the morning of 31st October 1984, these trusted bodyguards, Beant Singh and Satwant Singh who were waiting for her at the gate of her residence opened fire at her as soon as she crossed the gate. Both the guards were captured and prosecuted. The conspirator of Gandhi's assassination Kehar Singh was tried and sentenced to death on 6 January 1989.
Post Gandhi's Assassination
More than 3000 Sikhs were murdered all over the country in retaliatory violenceWikimedia Commons
As soon as the news of Indira's assassination spread the recuperations from the masses engulfed the whole country in the fire of riots for the next four days. More than 3000 Sikhs were murdered all over the country in retaliatory violence. Even after Operation Blue Star and the Emergency Indira Gandhi was still popular among the masses and the rage against the Sikh community was evident. Vast segments of the population were mourning her loss, the loss of a great leader, the loss of the Iron lady of India. World leaders condemned the assassination and said her death would leave a 'big emptiness' in international affairs.
Indira Gandhi was cremated as per Hindu tradition on 3 November near Raj Ghat. Hundreds of thousands of followers strained for a last glimpse of the cremation at the site and millions more watched the funeral of the great leader on television. The site where she was cremated came to be known as Shakti Sthal.
Keywords: Indira Gandhi, Operation blue star, Sikh riots, the assassination of Indira Gandhi, retaliatory violence, Beant Singh, Satwant Singh, prime minister of India, iron lady of india
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday said India's digital public infrastructure solutions can improve the lives of citizens around the world.
Speaking at the InFinity Forum organised by Bloomberg and IFSCA, he said via video link: "We believe in sharing our experiences and expertise with the world and learning from them as well."
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"Tools like 'UPI' and 'RuPay' provide an unparalleled opportunity for every country. An opportunity to provide a low cost and reliable 'real time payment system' as well as a 'domestic card scheme' and 'fund remittance system'."
According to the Prime Minister, India has proved to the world that it is second to none when it comes to adopting technology or innovating around it.
Also Read : Payment Modernization
"Transformational initiatives under Digital India have opened doors for innovative Fintech solutions to be applied in governance.
PM Modi cited successes achieved with 'Jan Dhan' Accounts, 'Rupay', 'FastTag', and other such initiatives taken by the Centre. He mentioned that last year, in India, mobile payments exceeded ATM cash withdrawals for the first time.
The Prime Minister said that fully digital banks, without any physical branch offices, are already a reality and may become commonplace in less than a decade.
In India, mobile payments exceeded ATM cash withdrawals for the first time.Unsplash
Besides, he said the time has come to convert these "FinTech initiatives into a FinTech revolution". "A revolution that helps to achieve financial empowerment of every single citizen of the country."
Furthermore, he emphasized on FinTech security. "Common Indian has shown immense trust in our FinTech ecosystem by embracing digital payments and such technologies," he said.
"This trust is a responsibility. Trust means that you need to ensure that the interests of the people are secured."
In addition, PM Modi said that finance combined with technology would be an important part of India's future development. "Our aim is to provide the best international financial services not just for Indians, but for the world," he added. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : digital, India, prime minister, Narendra Modi, finances, digital payments, technology)
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Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Saturday asked the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) to prevent dumping of toxic wastes in India. Speaking at an event to celebrate DRI's 64th foundation day, Sitharaman lauded DRI's compact strength of about 800 officers for their relentless efforts despite the imminent risks. The Finance Minister stated that the officers may be keeping a low profile, but they are acting like the frontline defence forces, doing spectacular work in safeguarding the economic frontiers of the country. "The recent smuggling attempts of huge quantities of narcotics, gold, red sanders, ivory, cigarettes etc. unearthed by DRI were appreciated by the Finance Minister," the Ministry of Finance said in a statement.
"Sitharaman said that the message through such enforcement actions should be such that these acts of brazen attempts at smuggling are nipped in the bud," the statement added. The Finance Minister also said that better coordination among the law enforcement and intelligence gathering agencies and sharing of actionable intelligence are the way forward in protecting the frontiers of the country more efficiently. "Sitharaman also asked the DRI to focus on interdicting dual use technology items as well as preventing the dumping of toxic wastes in our country," the statement said. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, Nirmala Sitharaman, India, Toxic Wastes)
Tech giant Amazon has expanded the sound detection capabilities of Alexa along with more features. Alexa can now identify the sounds of running water and appliances beeping, reports Android Central. This means users can set up an Alexa routine to notify themselves when the washer beeps to indicate that laundry is finished, the report said.
When Alexa detects that the faucet has been left open, it will send users a notification as well so they can take appropriate action, it added. Amazon previously said at its event in September that it would add the ability to programme Alexa to recognise custom sounds, but that feature has yet to arrive. Having said that, the two new sound detection capabilities not only help users save energy, but they also make it easier to avoid paying for unnecessary charges on your home utilities, the report said.
The retail giant has also announced ultrasound motion detection, which will allow you to set up "Occupancy Routines" on additional Echo devices. This feature allows your smart speaker to detect nearby motion and initiate a routine, such as turning on the lights. It is compatible with many of the best Alexa speakers including the 4th-gen Echo, Echo Dot and Echo Dot with Clock. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: laundry, appliances, beeping, running water, Sound, Alexa , Amazon)