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When we think poverty is meant to be, then eradicating it, is the last thing possible. Pixabay

BY NEHA HEGDE

We often knowingly or unknowingly think in a way where the opinion about poverty is that poverty is destined to be. Maybe we are used to these kinds of discussions where we just try to accept that poverty is a part of our country and never really had an urge to overcome it. The biggest problem is accepting that problems will always exist and we can’t do anything about it. This conclusion is actually dangerous, maybe not as an individual but as a whole, it will have effects on society.


The sheer scale of human suffering leads one to naturalize it. It is hard for an individual to bring change, we just expect someone else to do it, perhaps, the state to do it. If we talk about the opportunities, we have denied it as their right and subjected them to violence giving reasons for laziness and irresponsible behavior.

When we think poverty is meant to be, then eradicating it, is the last thing possible. The neo-middle-class and the upper class of this society ought to share their privileges instead of taking them granted. Sharing here doesn’t mean that they lie on a pedestal, it just means that there must be no hierarchy.

How Poverty is Defined in Our Nation?

There is a flaw in how poverty is defined. We have two committees that have reported about poverty in India.

Suresh Tendulkar CommitteeRangaraj Committee
Year20092013
Rural Expenditure27/day32/day
Urban Expenditure33/day47/day
Total no. of poor269 million363 million

If a person earns as per the above table then he or she is not poor according to the respective committee reports. The so-called committees appointed to report use the word “normative” and estimate that this expenditure is adequate to live in a household.

We have many voluminous learned reports, we have seen recurring planning and budgeting for decades now. It’s the 21st century, we still have people striving for basic living.

Let us take the case where a person earns Rs 47 per day which constitutes up to Rs 1410 per month in an Indian city today, for any roof over someone’s head in a slum of a metropolis will cost a minimum of Rs 1000 to Rs 1200 per month. With the remaining amount a kilogram of rice costs Rs 20-30, Vegetable cost for a week even if it is the most basic then it will be up to Rs 200. Milk being Rs 21 per liter is out of the discussion. Where is the basic nutritious food which every human deserves? A single bus ticket will cost Rs 10 -15. What about education? What about healthcare?

Overall, what about a basic plain life with human dignity?


Many people of designated castes are forced to earn a living as scavengers even if the practice is outlawed. Flickr

The Practice of Manual Scavenging

Our nation has the time, intellectual, budget, etc to accomplish Space Missions and other Technological advancements but still practices sending men into the drainage. 2019 saw the highest number of manual scavenging deaths in the past five years. 110 workers were killed while cleaning sewers and septic tanks. The degrading of human dignity is not a new thing in India.

Also Read: Here’s How a Gadget Can Eliminate 99% of Airborne Viruses

India’s poor face many exiles. They are uprooted from the consciences of the people of privilege, from our cinema, television, and newspapers, from the priorities of public expenditure and government, from debates in Parliament and offices, from institutions that could offer them some basic security through education, healthcare, and social security. And, they are exiled from the hope that their children or their grandchildren will one day escape a life of back-breaking toil and social humiliation. This last one is the most profound of their exiles.


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IANS

The aim of the book is to teach children that families can exist in different forms, and show them how to accept the diversity in family backgrounds.

By Siddhi Jain

Delhi-based author Pritisha Borthakur is set to release her new book, 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories'. The 1,404-word children's book was put together to address a new kind of societal debacle in the family system. The author says the aim is to teach children that families can exist in different forms, and show them how to accept the diversity in family backgrounds.

The author who named the book after her twin sons -- Puhor and Niyor -- is a parent who has seen and heard the tales of ridicule and discrimination suffered by many in India and beyond. She says the book is an artistic illustration for kids that details how different families can live and coexist. Whether it's children with two dads or two moms, children with a single dad or single mom, and even multiracial family units, Borthakur's book teaches love, understanding, and compassion towards unconventional families.

Beyond race, gender, color, and ethnicity which have formed the bases for discrimination since the beginning of time, this book aims to bring to light a largely ignored issue. For so long, single parents have been treated like a taboo without any attempt to understand their situations; no one really cares how or why one's marriage ended but just wants to treat single parents as villains simply for choosing happiness and loving their children.

Homosexual parents, a relatively new family system, is another form that has suffered hate and discrimination for many years. Pritisha emphasizes the need to understand that diversity in people and family is what makes the world beautiful and colourful. 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories' is a firm but compassionate statement against all forms of discrimination on the bases of sexual identity, gender, race, and even differences in background

four children standing on dirt during daytime 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories' is a firm but compassionate statement against all forms of discrimination on the bases of sexual identity, gender, race and even differences in background. | Photo by Ben Wicks on Unsplash


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