Sunday September 22, 2019

Passive Presence of a Romantic Partner Can Reduce Pain: Researchers

Partner empathy was positively associated with pain tolerance and inversely associated with sensory pain experience

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Night-owl women not for long-term relationships: Study
In stress? Remember your romantic partner and keep BP down. pixabay

Researchers have found that the passive presence of a romantic partner can reduce pain and that partner empathy may buffer affective distress during pain exposure.

The study, published in the Scandinavian Journal of Pain, confirmed the analgesic effects of social support — even without verbal or physical contact.

The research team assessed sensitivity to pressure pain in 48 heterosexual couples with each participant tested alone and in the passive presence of their partner.

Dispositional empathy was quantified by a questionnaire.

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Most importantly when your partner decides to confess, instead of attacking him/her, show your empathy and try to solve the issue. Pixabay

In the presence, as compared to the absence, of their partners both men and women exhibited higher pain thresholds and tolerance as well as lower sensory and affective pain ratings on constant pressure stimuli.

Partner empathy was positively associated with pain tolerance and inversely associated with sensory pain experience.

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“Repeatedly, talking and touching have been shown to reduce pain, but our research shows that even the passive presence of a romantic partner can reduce it and that partner empathy may buffer affective distress during pain exposure,” said Stefan Duschek, Professor at UMIT in Austria. (IANS)

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Researchers: The Herb kratom to Treat Pain and Opioid Addiction Not Safe for Use

Kratom, a herbal supplement derived from a plant that grows throughout southeast Asia

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Herb, Kratom, Pain
Those using kratom experienced several side effects including toxicity, vomiting, hallucinations, and agitation, among others. Pixabay

Researchers have found that the herb ‘kratom’, which is increasingly being used to treat pain and opioid addiction, is not safe for use.

In the study published in the journal Pharmacotherapy, researchers from the Binghamton University observed that those using kratom experienced several side effects including toxicity, vomiting, hallucinations, and agitation, among others.

Kratom, a herbal supplement derived from a plant that grows throughout southeast Asia, is used to treat opioid use disorder, treat/prevent withdrawal or treat pain.

“Although it is not as strong as some other prescription opioids, kratom does still act as an opioid in the body. In larger doses, it can cause slowed breathing and sedation, meaning that patients can develop the same toxicity they would if using another opioid product,” said William Eggleston, Assistant Professor at the varsity.

Herb, Kratom, Pain
Researchers have found that the herb ‘kratom’, which is increasingly being used to treat pain and opioid addiction, is not safe for use. Pixabay

“It is also reported to cause seizures and liver toxicity. Kratom may have a role in treating pain and opioid use disorder but more research is needed on its safety and efficacy. Our results suggest it should not be available as a herbal supplement,” Eggleston said.

For the study, the research team conducted a retrospective review of a data containing reported cases of kratom exposures to determine the toxicities associated with its use.

A total of 2,312 kratom exposures were reported, with 935 cases involving kratom as the only substance. Kratom most commonly caused agitation (18.6 per cent), tachycardia (16.9 per cent), drowsiness (13.6 per cent), vomiting (11.2 per cent), and confusion (8.1 per cent).

Serious effects of seizure (6.1 per cent), withdrawal (6.1 per cent), hallucinations (4.8 per cent), respiratory depression (2.8 per cent), coma (2.3 per cent) and cardiac or respiratory arrest (0.6 per cent) were also reported.

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The findings suggest kratom is not reasonably safe and poses a public health threat due to its availability as a herbal supplement. (IANS)