Monday July 23, 2018

Probiotics Can Halve Risk of Bone Loss in Elderly Women

Worldwide, one in three women over the age of 50 will experience osteoporotic fractures, as will one in five men over the same age

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Probiotics Can Halve Risk of Bone Loss in Elderly Women
Probiotics Can Halve Risk of Bone Loss in Elderly Women. (IANS)
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Apart from keeping your gut healthy, consuming a diet rich in probiotics — also called as “good” or “helpful” bacteria — may cut the risk of osteoporosis, an age-related bone loss condition that causes fractures among one in three women over age 50 worldwide, finds a study.

In the study, older women who received probiotics, the risk of bone loss was halved compared to women who received only a placebo.

“Older women are at risk the most of osteoporosis and fractures. Treatment with probiotics can be an effective and safe way to prevent the onset of osteoporosis in many older people in the future,” said Mattias Lorentzon, Professor at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Brittleness of the bones, or osteoporosis, is characterised by porous and weak bones, which can cause them to break even when subjected to low loads, such as a fall from a standing height.

According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation, the condition causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually, resulting in an osteoporotic fracture every three seconds.

bone loss
Representational image.

Worldwide, one in three women over the age of 50 will experience osteoporotic fractures, as will one in five men over the same age.

The findings, published in the Journal of Internal Medicine, also opens the door to a new way to prevent fractures among the elderly.

For the study, the team ingested a powder that contained either Lactobacillus reuteri 6475 bacteria — health-promoting bacteria — or a placebo every day for a whole year in nearly 100 elderly women, 76 years old on average.

Also Read: Probiotics Not Effective in Reducing Anxiety: Study

The women who received the powder with active bacteria had lost only half as much bone in the skeleton compared with those who received inactive powders.

“Another positive outcome from the study was that the treatment was well tolerated and did not produce more side effects than those experienced by women who received the placebo,” the researchers noted. (IANS)

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Probiotics Not Effective in Reducing Anxiety: Study

For anxiety, the number one thing is to seek professional treatment. That should be the first action

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Probiotics Not Effective in Reducing Anxiety: Study
Probiotics Not Effective in Reducing Anxiety: Study. Pixabay

If you are expecting eating yogurt, which is rich in probiotics, to reduce your anxiety, you might be wrong. While consuming probiotics may be good for your digestive system, it may not be effective in decreasing your anxiety levels, say researchers.

The study found evidence that probiotics found in yogurt and supplements can reduce anxiety in rodents, but not in humans.

“Probiotics did not significantly reduce symptoms of anxiety in humans,” said lead author Daniel J. Reis from University of Kansas.

However, the researchers said their findings should not close the door on probiotics as the micro-organisms in yogurts and other products that take up residence in our guts may be a potentially useful therapy for anxiety and other cognitive issues in the future.

“We’re in the early days of this research into probiotics. We’re not saying they do nothing, but we have a lot to figure out before we know if they can be used therapeutically,” Reis said.

Also Read: Bacteria in The Gut May Lead to Anxiety, Depression

“I’ve seen a lot of stories hyping probiotics as helpful for anxiety but I wouldn’t recommend using them to treat anxiety at this stage,” he added.

In the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, the team reviewed data from 22 preclinical studies involving 743 animals and 14 clinical studies of 1,527 individuals.

The results from the subgroup analyses revealed a significant reduction only among diseased animals.

For people experiencing anxiety, Reis suggested reaching out for expert help.

“For anxiety, the number one thing is to seek professional treatment. That should be the first action. There are some good therapies out there that can help with various anxiety disorders,” he noted. (IANS)

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