Probiotics Not Effective in Reducing Anxiety: Study

For anxiety, the number one thing is to seek professional treatment. That should be the first action

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Probiotics Not Effective in Reducing Anxiety: Study
Anxiety linked to kicking, yelling during sleep as well. Pixabay

If you are expecting eating yogurt, which is rich in probiotics, to reduce your anxiety, you might be wrong. While consuming probiotics may be good for your digestive system, it may not be effective in decreasing your anxiety levels, say researchers.

The study found evidence that probiotics found in yogurt and supplements can reduce anxiety in rodents, but not in humans.

“Probiotics did not significantly reduce symptoms of anxiety in humans,” said lead author Daniel J. Reis from University of Kansas.

However, the researchers said their findings should not close the door on probiotics as the micro-organisms in yogurts and other products that take up residence in our guts may be a potentially useful therapy for anxiety and other cognitive issues in the future.

“We’re in the early days of this research into probiotics. We’re not saying they do nothing, but we have a lot to figure out before we know if they can be used therapeutically,” Reis said.

Also Read: Bacteria in The Gut May Lead to Anxiety, Depression

“I’ve seen a lot of stories hyping probiotics as helpful for anxiety but I wouldn’t recommend using them to treat anxiety at this stage,” he added.

In the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, the team reviewed data from 22 preclinical studies involving 743 animals and 14 clinical studies of 1,527 individuals.

The results from the subgroup analyses revealed a significant reduction only among diseased animals.

For people experiencing anxiety, Reis suggested reaching out for expert help.

“For anxiety, the number one thing is to seek professional treatment. That should be the first action. There are some good therapies out there that can help with various anxiety disorders,” he noted. (IANS)

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Strengthening Career Post Motherhood

Tips on restarting career after motherhood

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Motherhood
Rekicking careers post motherhood. Pixabay

BY ADITI ROY

Renewing your career after motherhood is a challenging milestone; one that presents several dilemmas for women as professionals.

Quite often it is the woman who has to bear the brunt of sacrificing her career post marriage and subsequently childbirth. In today’s age, issues like renewing a career, providing maternity benefits, and child-friendly workstations or facilities for working mums are of importance.

Women make up 48 percent of the Indian population but have not benefitted equally from India’s rapid economic growth. Sixty-five percent of women are literate as compared to 80 percent of men. India has among the lowest female labor force participation rates in the world, says a report by World Bank Group published last year. Female child mortality is still a grave concern, with over 239,000 girls under the age of 5 dying each year.

“About 40 percent of working mothers want to quit jobs to raise their kids,” noted a survey conducted by ASSOCHAM under the aegis of its Social Development Foundation. At the study conducted, ASSOCHAM Social Development Foundation had interacted with a total of about 500 working women including 200 working mothers in 10 cities of Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Chennai, Delhi-NCR, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Lucknow, Mumbai and Pune during the course of the past fortnight to gauge their career-related goals. A whopping 80 out of 200 respondents who are working mothers quoted motherhood and lack of quality time being spent with family were the primary reason to quit jobs.

At such a crucial juncture, what will it take to give a much-needed push and bolster women to return to career’s post motherhood or even start a career is they hadn’t before?

Motherhood
Motherhood and its challenges in career. Pixabay.

“My suggestion to women who want to get back to work is three-fold: Look for a role that excites you and one in which your mind will stretch and learn new things. The personal cost of balancing work, life, and children is tough, and beyond the very important role of financial independence, our jobs and careers nourish our minds and imaginations. Many women leave jobs, or struggle to keep them, after becoming mothers because boring jobs, or ones in which they are not growing, don’t seem worth the effort if you are fortunate enough financially to have a choice not to work,” believes Shreyasi Singh, Co-founder, and CEO, Harappa Education.

Along with getting a strong picture of current skills and ambition which is required to sustain in a specific industry, a holistic approach of looking at the situation and evaluation will help a long way, say experts. This includes getting a strong understanding of your own skills and ambitions. What do you really want to do? What could help you get to the long-term future you can see for yourself?

“Start somewhere, don’t wait for the perfect job. Figure out your non-negotiable, if that’s the commute from home, compensation, or the industry/role you want. Or, is it flexible time schedules? For example, the post-COVID work environment, especially remote WFH, can really be an important enabler for working mothers. Don’t be afraid to suggest, now of all times, the schedule that might work for you. Now more than ever, employers won’t judge you. This can actually be a good time to experiment, especially if you didn’t love the job you were in before. Keeping an open mind and stepping out of your comfort zone can be very powerful enablers in this phase,” adds Singh.

The lockdown necessitated by the spread of COVID-19 has disrupted the normal life of people all around the world. While the situation is challenging for all, it specifically puts great demands on the women in the family, as they not only look after the work at home but also at their respective offices.

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Motherhood poses many challenges to career. Pixabay

It would not be an exaggeration to say that women are now doing two full-time jobs without even a weekend break. Indian women have always been multi-taskers and power-workers, balancing the needs of their family and job. Along with kids and family around in the same space, the work-life balance during the Covid-19 and amidst the lockdown has taken on a whole new meaning, agree on experts.

“Managing kids, work and the household – within lockdown, and the anxieties on both personal life (health, lifestyle) and professional life (Working from home, anxiety about the job), I have seen it manifest in my house, with my wife trying to navigate as a working woman, a mother, and a wife. Stress is a natural consequence, and new experiences that can be tried out at home can help counteract that. Be it working out as a family (with kids), or cooking as a family (encouraging kids to become little Masterchefs), or trying out online yoga – my wife has been at it since day one. Going through this experience has helped us/her assuage the stress effectively,” says Irwin Anand, MD, Udemy India.

 Also Read: This Hacker Group is Selling User Data From 10 Firms For INR 13.6 Lakh Approx

We find ourselves looking to pick up new skills, whether it’s gardening, a musical instrument, or drawing/coding with kids in part because being challenged the right way can be a new source of delight for everyone! The coming weeks and months will shape the “new normal” in the day-to-day life of women, and I hope everyone understands how hard it is for them, and to support them however possible,” adds Anand. (IANS)

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Ways to Beat Stress While You’re Pregnant in Lockdown 3.0

Pregnant and stressed in Lockdown 3.0?

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pregnant women stress
Pregnant women experience a large number of hormonal and physical changes, some of which can lead to stress. Pixabay

BY PUJA GUPTA

During pregnancy, women experience a large number of hormonal and physical changes, some of which can lead to stress. Especially, in these times of COVID-19, stress is tough to avoid.

However, it is a proven fact that stress can drastically alter the neural connectivity in the brain of an unborn child, says Dr. Anil Ballani, M.D, Consultant at Meyer Organics and teacher for Diploma in Diabetology with College of Physicians.

Researches have stated that a high level of the same has a damaging impact on the development of the baby’s brain. Hence, it is of great importance to work towards maintaining a calm and composed state of mind especially during the tough times of COVID 19. This can be ensured by engaging in relaxing activities such as yoga, meditation, mild exercise along with consuming a healthy diet, she says.

pregnant women stress
Know about some food items that can help in combating stress while you’re pregnant in Lockdown. Pixabay

Dr Ballani lists some food items that can help in combating stress while you’re pregnant in Lockdown:

Green leafy vegetables

No diet is wholesome without the inclusion of ample green vegetables, which are packed with calcium, subsequently countering muscle fatigue and soreness, during pregnancy. They also enable the brain to kick-start the thermoregulatory processes in the body so that overall calm can be maintained. Options such as spinach, mustard green, fenugreek and broccoli are the best companions for staying stress-free.

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Enhance the intake of protein

In the absence of protein, one might frequently experience tiredness and sluggishness, adding up to the stress quotient. To avoid the same one should increase their protein consumption by at least 10 g, as it helps in the cell and muscle development of both the mother and the baby. For non-vegetarian women eggs and chicken are the best options; however, if one prefers a vegetarian diet, they should opt for proteins from various pulses, soya, sprouts, beans or legumes.

Items rich in Vitamin C

Vitamin C works towards the reduction of stress hormones along with boosting the immunity. Oranges are the best source of the same and can be consumed either as a whole fruit or in the form of a juice.

pregnant women stress
Pregnant ladies should consume a healthy diet. Pixabay

Incorporate selective seafood variants

It is a famous belief that seafood is not good for expecting mothers; however, it should be noted that not all varieties of fish are harmful either. Those which are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids help in curbing the rise of stress-causing hormones in the body as well as reduce the risks of heart diseases. Fish like salmon and tuna are filled with the goodness of Omega-3 and can be a part of one’s regular meal.

Also Read- Follow These Tips to Sanitize Your Clothes

Include whole grains

With high magnesium content, these act as natural sedatives and induce a sense of calm whilst minimising the feeling of anxiety. As an anti-heat food, it is known to keep the body temperature under control. Whole grains like whole wheat, brown rice, buckwheat and barley are some options one can choose from.

Apart from a healthy diet, pregnant women should practise some breathing exercises and light walks in the house. This is will help for a calming effect on mothers and relax their minds during COVID 19. (IANS)

 

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Negative Environment at Home Can Lead to Depression Among Children

How home environment can put kids at depression risk later

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children depression
Generally, the children in adopted homes showed lower risk, but whatever the setting, episodes of major depression in the parents meant the children were more susceptible to depression themselves, the researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University (US) and Lund University (Sweden) said. Pixabay

Researchers have found that children’s rearing environment has a major impact on their risk for major depression later in life. This is a health and lifestyle article.

For the findings, published in the American Journal of Psychiatry, the research team analysed the health records of full and half-siblings with at least one biological parent with depression who were raised by either their biological parents or in carefully screened adoptive homes.

Generally, the children in adopted homes showed lower risk, but whatever the setting, episodes of major depression in the parents meant the children were more susceptible to depression themselves, the researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University (US) and Lund University (Sweden) said.

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They identified 666 high-risk full sibling pairs and 2,596 high-risk pairs of half-siblings each with at least one child reared at home and one adopted. High risk was defined as having at least one biological parent with major depression.

In Sweden, the adoptive parents are carefully screened and undergo a rigorous selection process to ensure their ability to “provide a supportive and generally advantaged home for their adoptive child.”

children depression
Researchers have found that the rearing environment has a major impact on risk for major depression later in life of children. Pixabay

In the full sibling group, the risk for major depression among adopted siblings was 23 per cent lower than the sibling raised in the home with their birth family.

In the group of half-siblings, the risk of depression was 19 per cent lower for the adopted siblings.

For both the full and half-sibling groups, the protective effect of adoption disappeared when an adoptive parent or step-sibling had major depression.

Also Read- Children Who Experience Trauma and Abuse Likely to Have Heart Disease: Study

According to the study, results demonstrate the strong impact of the rearing environment on risk for major depression and support the importance of intervention efforts to improve the rearing environment in high-risk families.

The study authors concluded that their results “further strengthen the evidence that high-quality rearing environments can meaningfully reduce rates of major depression in individuals at high familial risk.” (IANS)