Thursday August 22, 2019

Public views will be an essential part of new education policy: Smriti Irani

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New Delhi: Human Resource Development Minister Smriti Irani on Friday said the new education policy would have views from the people and their voices will be articulated in the new policy when she was attending the Hindustan Times leadership summit here.

We have ensured that we have people’s views articulated in the new education policy. We have sought views from the people. We want people in villages to say what they want their kids to be taught. A policy just remains a policy till it percolates to the ground,

Students of government schools, including Kendriya Vidyalayas and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, perform better than the private schools, Irani said.

The government is working on the quality of education in all the schools across the country. In fact, over the years the students of Kendriya Vidyalaya and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya have performed better than the students of private schools, she said.

“We need to improve the quality of education in private schools like the government schools,” she added.

Irani also said her ministry was working with the state education departments on several ways to improve the performance of the children in the schools.

Teachers should be judged by the performance of their students. The central government is working with the states on this,

Talking about various policies to improve the education in the country, Irani said the government was emphasizing on the quality of education for disabled children.

We have given new learning material to over 2,75,000 teachers to address children with disability. We have waived off the fees for them in all the major institutions such as Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), she said.

Irani said: “IITs are centers of excellence, doing work silently that do not make it to headlines across the world.”

Indian institutes carry out research in regional languages, which global rankings don’t recognize.

“The global ranking was necessary for perception, but the uniqueness of Indian institutions not reflected. Our IITs are centers of excellence, doing work that doesn’t make it to headlines across the world,” Irani said.

(Inputs from IANS)

(Picture Courtesy:-www.livemint.com)

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IIT Mandi Researchers Developing Thermoelectric Materials to Efficiently Convert Heat into Electricity

Generating power from heat, for example, is attractive as there is a lot of energy that is generated through human activity in industries like power plants

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IIT, Thermoelectric, Electricity
While solar power has received a lot of attention, other alternative sources, even if less known, are equally promising. Pixabay

 Indian Institute of Technology Mandi researchers in Himachal Pradesh are developing thermoelectric materials that can efficiently convert heat into electricity.

While solar power has received a lot of attention, other alternative sources, even if less known, are equally promising.

Generating power from heat, for example, is attractive as there is a lot of energy that is generated through human activity in industries like power plants, home appliances and automobiles, where most of this heat is lost.

A research team led by Ajay Soni, Associate Professor (Physics) with the School of Basic Sciences, IIT-Mandi, is studying materials that can convert heat into electricity.

IIT, Thermoelectric, Electricity
Indian Institute of Technology Mandi researchers in Himachal Pradesh are developing thermoelectric materials that can efficiently convert heat into electricity. Pixabay

The team has been engaged in research on thermoelectric materials and many of its papers have been published in reputed peer-review international journals, including Applied Physics Letters, Physical Review B and Journal of Alloys and Compounds.

“Thermoelectric materials work on the principle of Seebeck effect, in which electricity is generated due to temperature differences across the junction of two materials,” Soni said.

A typical thermoelectric material must have the trifecta properties of high thermoelectric power and electrical conductivity, and low thermal conductivity with a capability of maintaining a temperature gradient.

This combination of properties, Soni said, is hard to come by and a few semiconducting materials must be tweaked further for good thermoelectric efficiency.

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In the Western world, many automobile companies, including Volkswagen, Volvo, Ford and BMW, are developing thermoelectric waste heat recovery systems that promise three to five per cent improvement in fuel economy.

Other potential applications of thermoelectric energy harvesting include powering consumer devices and electronics, aviation, as well as space applications.

About 70 per cent of energy globally is wasted as heat and this heat is released into the environment, becoming one of the key drivers of global warming.

The trapping and conversion of waste heat into electricity can serve the dual purpose of energy self-sufficiency and environmental preservation. (IANS)