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The Qutb Minar also written Qutub Minar or Kutb Minar is a world heritage monument in Delhi and the world's highest rubble masonry minaret. It is located within the Qutb Complex, which has served as the heart of Delhi's first city since the arrival of the first Muslim monarch. This territory belonged to the Tomar Rajpoots and Chauhans until Muhammad-bin-Sam (Muhammad Ghori) conquered Prithvi Raj Chauhan (Arkpal Tomar gave it to his grandson Prithvi). Chauhan built Qila Rai Pithora by extending the walls of Lal Kot. After conquering Prithvi Raj Chauhan in 1060 A.D., Ghori left his governor Qutb-ud-din Aibak to rule India, and so the slave dynasty began in India.
In the center of the city, there is a massive minar attributed to Qutb-ud-Din Aibak, the first Islamic monarch of north India. Is this, however, correct? This article explores certain people's perspectives on the construction of the magnificent monument.
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In the year 2020, a civil suit was filed in a Delhi court demanding the restoration of 27 Hindu and Jain temples and goddesses that were demolished in 1191 AD with the permission of invader Mohammad Ghori's commander to purportedly build the Quwwatul Islam Mosque. Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva, Goddess Gauri, God Surya, Lord Hanuman, and presiding deities of 27 temples, as well as major deities Tirthankar Lord Rishabh Dev and Lord Vishnu, have the right to be restored and worshipped with correct rites and ceremonies, according to the complaint. The petition also asked for a mandatory injunction, ordering the federal government to establish a trust under the Trust Act of 1882 and take over control and administration of the Qutub complex's temple complex.
The name "Qutub Minar" was first established and taught to Hindus after the establishment of the secular Indian republic in 1947Wikiemedia commons
Hindu ruins and shattered Hindu idols can be discovered all around the grounds, according to popular belief. "Qutub Minar" literally means "victory pillar," and the central Mosque within Qutub Minar is known as "Quwwat Ul Islam" ( "Power of Islam"), signifying Islam's victory over the local Hindus who worship idols. However, Hindus referred to the location as "Raja Prithviraj Temple" until 1900. Raja Prithviraj was Delhi's last Hindu ruler. The name "Qutub Minar" was first established and taught to Hindus after the establishment of the secular Indian republic in 1947.
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Let us look at the top claims that truly support the idea that Qutub Minar was built over the premises of a plundered Hindu temple.
- Look for defaced figures in the pillars on your next visit to the Qutb Complex. The Hindu temples, on the other hand, have animal motifs all over them, despite the fact that Islam forbids animal representations in its architecture. As a result, the figures were damaged, metaphorically reducing them to simple "carvings" rather than "animals."
- According to certain beliefs, there appears to be no purpose or logic for the Qutub Minar's construction in Islam. Others argue that the tower was erected for watch or protection, but this reasoning is unconvincing. The construction of a 72-meter-high minaret for prayer also raises eyebrows.
- Why are there Hindu God's artifacts in the Mosque? Why have Lord Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma, and other gods and goddesses been inscribed on most of the pillars in the mosque's courtyard if Islam does not believe in anybody other than Allah?
- How does one go about Qutbuddin constructing Qutub Minar in Delhi? Qutbuddin Aibak is credited with the construction of Qutub Minar, however, history shows that he spent much of his time in Lahore which is about 650 kilometers from Delhi.
- The measure also corresponded to the Islamic concept of spreading the faith as far and as quickly as feasible. The destruction of Hindu and Jain temples and the construction of Mosques on their sites represented dominance. The mosque is called 'Quwwat-ul-Islam,' which means 'Islamic Triumph.'
The history of Qutub Minar is long and enigmatic, and individuals like you and me will never be able to fully comprehend it. Meanwhile, the Delhi court is yet to give a verdict on this issue. The point is even if Qutub Minar was not a Hindu temple, why investigating and inquiring about history should be deemed as a means to promoting intolerance among the two religions? These probes should be encouraged and appreciated by the citizens of the country because it has no hidden motive of causing communal friction. It only strives to reveal the truth.
The city of Delhi has seen it all; from sultanate rule, to dynasties, and to colonial rule. From monarchy to democracy, Delhi has gone through its phases. But, in order to know and explore the nuances of Delhi, you must read these beautiful books.
1. City of Djinns: A Year in Delhi by William Dalrymple
This book was written while Dalrymple was still flirting with his love for the Medieval India. The author writes, "Moreover the city- so I soon discovered- possessed a bottomless seam of stories: tales receding far beyond history, deep into the cavernous chambers of myth and legend," and just like this, Dalrymple takes you in a tour to discover Discover Delhi.
2. Delhi by Heart: Impressions of a Pakistani Traveller by Raza Rumi
This book explores how the author explores his identity as a South Asian Muslim and how his city of Lahore is a mirror image of Delhi. Rumi, in this book, tries to co-relate the past with the present by comparing its festivals, streets, and markets.
3. Delirious Delhi: Inside India's Incredible Capital by DavePrager
This book is quite interesting. The story of this book revolves around the lives of Dave and Jenny who have recently moved to Delhi when their firm began to go down. The city of Delhi in this book is shown through their eyes as they try to make their way in the city that holds together a very large population.
4. The Heart has its Reasons by Krishna Sobti, Translated by Reema Anand, Meenakshi Swami
The original title of this book is "Dil - o - Danish". This book tells the reader about the streets of Old Delhi and almost transport the reader back in the past. This book is basically set in the 1920's, and tells the tale of a man's extramarital affair, his children out of wedlock, black magic, and Chandni Chowk's rich culture of sweets and the perils of being a widow. Interestingly, many have compared the author of this book to Jane Austen.
5. Delhi: A Novel by Khushwant Singh
Who would talk about Delhi and not remember Khushwant Singh? This amazing book is just like a narrative of the author's fulfilled love affair with the city and with a eunuch. The narrator in this book is an aging man who is trying to discover the city. This book is truly a masterpiece, where it takes the readers on the history of Delhi glimpsing at what makes the city what it is– simply beautiful.
There are some of the Indian cities which are older than time. Therefore, we must know which cities are they, and what has been their history!
1. Varanasi (1200 BC–)
Varanasi is one of the oldest cities of India, and has been a center of religious and cultural activity since the Bronze Age. In fact, this city might have been in existence from a very long time, since it finds mention in the Rig Veda. It is believed that the city of Varanasi was thriving for more than 1600 years before the fall of the Roman Empire in Europe. This city is one of the holiest places for Hindus and Jains, and even Lord Buddha gave his very first sermon here in 528 BC. In Hinduism, it is believed that dying in Varanasi brings salvation, which is the reason why the city is always brimming with pilgrims.
2. Ujjain (700/600 BC–)
Ujjain was once considered as one of the most prominent cities in the Middle India. In fact, the name of this city is repeatedly mentioned in the literature of that period, i.e. in the works of stalwarts like Kālidāsa. This city has seen the rise and fall of numerous empires, from the Mauryas to the Avantis, Nandas, and even the Guptas. This city, just like Varanasi, is also considered as one of the holiest cities in India, and hosts one of the officially recognized Kumbh melas, the Ujjain Simhastha Kumbh, in which people across the world take place.
3. Madurai (500 BC–)
Madurai been a major center of culture and trade for more than 2500 years. In fact, the name of this city has been mentioned in the writings of the great traveler, Megasthenes, and has been ruled by several empires from the Pandyas and the Cholas to the Karnata, and finally the British. Interestingly, ‘'Koodal,' was one of its ancient name which means 'a congregation of learned men'. There is no doubt that Madurai was an epicenter of scholars and religious teachers in the southern part of India.
4. Thanjavur (300 BC–)
Thanjavur was formerly known as Tanjore. This city is pretty famous for its Tanjore style of painting, which is a traditional style that is characterised by the use of gold foil, religious imagery, and simple compositions. This city is best known for being the home of the Great Living Chola Temples, which is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. Till date, people across the world visit this place in order to experience its rich history and heritage.
By- Digital Hub
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