Friday February 21, 2020

Radiation From Smartphones May up Miscarriage Risk: Study

This study provides evidence from a human population that magnetic field non-ionising radiation could have adverse biological impacts on human health

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Pregnant woman using smartphones
Pregnant woman using smartphone.

Pregnant women’s exposure to non-ionising radiation from smartphones, Bluetooth devices and laptops may more than double the risk of miscarriage, a study has showed.

Non-ionising radiation — radiation that produces enough energy to move around atoms in a molecule, but not enough to remove electrons completely — from magnetic fields is produced when electric devices are in use and electricity is flowing.

It can be generated by a number of environmental sources, including electric appliances, power lines and transformers, wireless devices and wireless networks.

While the health hazards from ionising radiation are well-established and include radiation sickness, cancer and genetic damage, the evidence of health risks to humans from non-ionising radiation remains limited, said De-Kun Li, a reproductive and perinatal epidemiologist at the Kaiser Permanente — a US-based health care firm.

For the study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, the team asked for 913 pregnant women over age 18 to wear a small (a bit larger than a deck of cards) magnetic-field monitoring device for 24 hours.

Pregnant woman using smartphones
Representational image.

After controlling for multiple other factors, women who were exposed to higher magnetic fields levels had 2.72 times the risk of miscarriage than those with lower magnetic fields exposure.

The increased risk of miscarriage associated with high magnetic fields was consistently observed regardless of the sources of high magnetic fields. The association was much stronger if magnetic fields was measured on a typical day of participants’ pregnancies.

The finding also demonstrated that accurate measurement of magnetic field exposure is vital for examining magnetic field health effects.

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“This study provides evidence from a human population that magnetic field non-ionising radiation could have adverse biological impacts on human health,” Li noted.

“We hope that the finding from this study will stimulate much-needed additional studies into the potential environmental hazards to human health, including the health of pregnant women,” he said. (Bollywood Country)

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Almost One-Third of Smartphones Sold in Previous Year Globally Had Security Embedded in Hardware: Tech Report

The secure element is a coprocessor within the SoC which assures tamper-resistance and is capable of securely hosting applications

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Smartphones
Smartphone users are increasingly storing personal and professional data including digital banking, payment and financial information on smartphones. Pixabay

One-Third of global smartphones sold in 2019 had security embedded in the hardware and the sales of such smartphones grew 39 per cent year-on-year (YoY) in 2019, according to the latest report from Counterpoint Research.

Apple and Huawei implement embedded hardware security through a secure element (eSE/inSE) while Samsung uses a physically unclonable function (PUF).

Smartphone users are increasingly storing personal and professional data including digital banking, payment and financial information on smartphones.

“This attracts cyber attacks with victims losing real assets, such as money, personal data and loss of privacy. Securing smartphones should be a high priority for the smartphone industry,” Satyajit Sinha, Research Analyst, Counterpoint, said in a statement.

According to Counterpoint’s IoT Security Service, systems based on a secure element accounted for 89 per cent of shipments, while those with a PUF represented 10 per cent of secure smartphone sales in 2019.

Smartphones
One-Third of global smartphones sold in 2019 had security embedded in the hardware and the sales of such smartphones grew 39 per cent year-on-year (YoY) in 2019, according to the latest report from Counterpoint Research. Pixabay

“The secure element is a coprocessor within the SoC which assures tamper-resistance and is capable of securely hosting applications. From the iPhone 5s onwards, Apple has been embedding a secure enclave (eSE) provided by the Global Platform.

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“Huawei also implemented an integrated secure element (inSE) on its SoCs, the HiSilicon Kirin 960, 970, 980, 990 and 710. Qualcomm has adopted the secure element as a secure processing unit (SPU) in the Snapdragon 845, 855 and 855+ which enables brands like Xiaomi, OnePlus, Oppo, Vivo, LG, Sony, Samsung and Google to implement hardware embedded security in its premium smartphones,” Neil Shah, Counterpoint Research Vice President, noted. (IANS)