Saturday October 21, 2017

Raziya Sultan: First and the only Queen of Delhi

2
9881

By Harshmeet Singh

Though Delhi officially became the capital of India in 1911, its stature as ‘India’s heart’ had been established long before. A plethora of foreign rulers and Indian princes aspired to capture the seat of Delhi to proclaim themselves as the righteous rulers of India.

The Delhi Sultanate, as the Delhi ruling Persian speaking dynasties were called, witnessed some legendary rulers, one of whom was Raziya al-Din, or as the history fondly remembers her – Raziya Sultan.

The only woman to be ever crowned the ‘Sultan’ of Delhi, Raziya was truly an exception. After the death of Raziya’s father, Iltutmish, Rukn ud din Firuz, Raziya’s brother, was crowned the Sultan. However, he was killed less than seven months into the power. This brought Raziya to the throne – a move that didn’t go well with the powerful Muslim nobles who weren’t ready to accept a female ruler.

Though her rule lasted less than 4 years, it was enough to command a chapter in the Indian history. Minhaj-i-Siraj, the famous Persian historian commented that Raziya was “sagacious, just, beneficent, the patron of the learned, a dispenser of justice, the cherisher of her subjects, and of warlike talent, and endowed with all the admirable attributes and qualifications necessary for a king.”

Iltutmish was extremely fond of her daughter. He ensured that Raziya got the appropriate education and military training as a child. At the time of her birth, Iltutmish is believed to have said ‘This daughter of mine is better than many sons.’ Raziya took to the throne like it belonged to her all along. He set aside the customary veil and asked everyone to address her as ‘Sultan’ and not ‘Sultana’, since Sultana meant the wife of the Sultan. She adopted masculine costumes and led the army from the front. Though comparatively short, her rule was marked by upright law and order. She even managed to manipulate the strong nobles to oppose each other and not her.

With everything falling into place, Raziya looked set to take Delhi Sultanate to great heights under her reign. However, her fortunes took a sudden turn. Raziya had to leave for Bhatinda to tackle an uprising from the Turkish Governor of Lahore. While Raziya engaged in a battle against Malik Altunia (believed to be her childhood lover), who sided with the rebels out of jealousy arising due to Raziya’s closeness with Jalal-ud-din Yaqut, the nobles crowned her brother, Bahram as the Sultan of Delhi.

Raziya lost the battle and was imprisoned by Malik Altunia, who ensured that she was kept in royalty. Soon after, Raziya married Altunia and the couple rode back to Delhi to regain the lost throne. This turned out to be the last ride for the couple who were defeated and killed by Bahram’s forces.
Raziya’s legacy is as decorated by her love story as it is by her administrative skills. It was probably due to her courage to stand against the mighty nobles and her love for Delhi that she has been given such a special place in India’s history despite her short reign.

Next Story

5 Found Dead Inside a House in Mansarovar Park Delhi

0
15
Delhi police
Police team conducts the investigation soon after the incident was reported. ians

New Delhi, October 7: Police found five people stabbed to death Inside a House in Mansarovar Park Delhi. The dead bodies of a an 82-year-old woman, her three daughters and a male guard were found lying inside a house here on Saturday.

Deputy Commissioner of Police Nupur Prasad told IANS that the four women belonging to the Jindal family were found dead at their house in Shahdara’s Mansarovar Park area.

The deceased have been identified as Urmila Jindal, and her daughters Sangeeta, 56, Nupur, 48, and Anjali, 38. The guard has been identified as Rakesh, 42.

The police control room received a call about the incident around 7 a.m.

A preliminary investigation showed there was “no forced entry” into the house and no valuables were stolen, a police officer said. (IANS)

Next Story

Prostate cancer, the second most common cause of cancer rises in rural India, according to experts

The rural masses need to be made aware of the treatment, drugs and technologies to combat the disease

0
18
Prostate cancer
Sarcomatoid prostate carcinoma, abbreviated SPC. Wikimedia
  • Prostate cancer is the sixth leading cause of cancer deaths among men worldwide
  • Experts claim, that the second most common cause of cancer, is rising in rural India 
  • The rural masses need to be made aware of the treatment, drugs and technologies to combat the disease.

New Delhi, September 22, 2017: Prostate cancer, the second most common cause of cancer and the sixth leading cause of cancer deaths among men worldwide, is rising in rural India, experts claim.

Cancer projection data shows that the number of cases will be doubled by 2020.

“Most of the metastatic prostate cancer cases are from rural areas. Therefore, it’s a challenge to government and doctors to decrease the risk factors and take prostate cancer risk in the rural areas very seriously,” P.N. Dogra, Professor and Head of Urology at AIIMS, said in a statement on Thursday.

The rural masses need to be made aware of the treatment, drugs and technologies to combat the disease.

“There is an urgent need to create awareness about prostate cancer threat amongst the rural population,” said Anup Kumar, Head (Department of Urology and Renal Transplant) at Safdarjung Hospital.

Also read: Abdominal fat drives cancer in postmenopausal women: Study

Safdarjung Hospital sees more than one lakh patients every month from all over the country.

Of these, 20 per cent are prostate cancer patients, in which 40 per cent are clinically localised, 30 per cent are locally advanced and 30 per cent are metastatic prostate cancer cases, Kumar said.

“Prostate cancer has become a major health problem globally during the last few decades. This disease is the second most common cause of cancer and the sixth leading cause of cancer death among men worldwide,” Dogra said.

According to the Population Based Cancer Registries in Delhi, the disease is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer among men in the national capital, accounting for about 6.78 per cent of all malignancies. (IANS)

Next Story

Rankings of Aam Aadmi Party Delhi MLAs Drop due to Poor Performance. Praja Foundation publishes Latest Government Performance Report

This year, the performance of BJP MLAs in Delhi was better than AAP

0
46
Praja Foundation
AAP Legislator's performance are going down in quality. Wikimedia
  • Praja Foundation assesses the performance of the government every year
  • The government performance for AAP has revealed the reality of the situation in Delhi this year, as per report released on Aug 22, 2017
  • The AAP legislators ranking has gone down while BJP members have improved from last year

August 23, 2017: The Praja Foundation, which gives a performance report of the government every year, presented a detailed report of the performance of the Delhi government in the year 2017.

The Praja Foundation had reported on the performance of the Delhi government last year even when there was a lot of attacks on the party. This year too it has issued ranking based on the performance of the legislators.

Also Read: Birthday Song for Arvind Kejriwal: A Special Troll and Parody by AAP’s Ex Minister Kapil Mishra

The Highlights from the Report released on Aug 22, 2017:

– The quality of the work of the MLAs from AAP has drastically dropped down.

– Criminal legislators increased, more than half the legislators are tainted. The number of criminal legislators is now 39 (56 percent). Last year, this number was 14.

– Surprisingly, it is not only lawsuits but also charge sheet that has been filed against 25 of the 70 MLAs.

– In 2016 sessions, BJP legislator Vijender Gupta asked 98 questions for the most. After that, the second was also the name of Jagdish Pradhan of BJP. He asked a total of 81 questions. At the third place was AAP minister Alka Lamba who asked 49 questions. Compared to last year, AAP asked fewer questions this year.

– This year, the performance of BJP MLAs was better than AAP. 7 MLAs of Aam Aadmi Party did not ask a single question in the 2017 session. While two legislators Raghubinder Shukin and Mo Ishrak did not ask a single question in 2016 and 2017.

– Record number of complaints in Delhi Jal Board (DJB): It is not that complaints did not come. In 2016, the highest number of complaints were related to waterboard (Jal Board). There were 2,27,444 water complaints. Only 40 questions related to water were asked. After that, the PWD department received the most complaints. 19,152 complaints were of the drain, sewer drainage, while only 5 questions were asked. In 2016, there were 11,099 complaints related to mosquitoes and fogs. At the same time, the question was asked just 2 times.

– With the functioning of the legislators, the opinion of the people of Delhi was also asked and on the same basis, the MLAs were given the rank. It was told that the Hansa agency from 24,000 people of Delhi asked questions and got ranking on the functioning of the legislators. On the basis of work and public opinion, the Aam Aadmi Party MLAs were given the rank.

– AAP’s Mohinder Goyal was elected the best legislator. He got the first place as out of 100, he got 75.4.

– Who were the bad performers? Ram Pahalwan got the lowest at just 27.26 while Rituraj Govind was second and Dinesh Mohania was third.

– Prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter: @Saksham2394