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Commemorating the Indian Tribal Fighter of Colonial Era: Birsa Munda

Birsa's powerful personality and motivational speeches encouraged the public to believe in the power of freedom, to dream of a different world than the one they lived in.

  • Birsa Munda was an Indian tribal leader who revolted against the British rule

  • June, 09 is marked as the death anniversary of the valiant Birsa who belonged to Munda tribe

Birsa Munda, an Indian tribal leader who revolted against the British rule was a freedom fighter. June 09 is marked as the death anniversary of the valiant Birsa who belonged to Munda tribe. As a young boy, Birsa travelled from one place to another in search of work, which provided him with an understanding of diverse problems the community was suffering due to British oppression. Sooner, he realised that the British have arrived in India to torment the people and carry the wealth abroad. Birsa started dispersing awareness related to the matter and formed his army of tribals. The army countered with movements and protests against the injustice and treachery of the British Raj. He claimed himself the messenger of God and conveyed his followers to follow the conception of “One God”.

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Birsa Munda
Birsa Munda was an Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader and folk hero who belonged to the Munda tribe. Wikimedia Commons

Here are some facts you need to know about Birsa Munda, the tribal hero:

  • Birsa Munda was born on 15 November 1875, at Ulihatu in colonial Bihar, now in the Khunti district of Jharkhand.
  • Birsa is the only tribal leader to have been honored in the in the Central Hall of the Indian Parliament
  • Birsa Munda advised tribal people to follow their own conventional religious systems. Daunted by his teachings, he became a diviner to the tribal people and they asked for his blessings.
  • His appeal against British called for a rebellious movement:

Abua raj seter jana, maharani raj tundu jana.
(अबुव: राज सेटेर जना ,महारनी राज तुण्डु जना) (Let the kingdom of queen be ended and our kingdom be established.)

On June 9, 1900, he died at the age of 25 in Ranchi Jail where he was held captive. British government stated that he died of cholera however he showed no such signs. It was rumored that Birsa was poisoned.

ALSO READ: Devotees Offer Prayers as Kashi Vishwanath Temple Reopens

There exist a number of institutional bodies named after the famed Birsa Munda, prominently Birsa Munda Airport Ranchi, Birsa Institute of Technology Sindri, Birsa Agricultural University and many more.

 

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