Saturday December 7, 2019

Regular Exercise Highly Beneficial for All Patients with Cardiovascular Disease Regardless of Age

However, there is few data available about the impact of patient age on the physical and psychological effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation

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Exercise, Patients, Cardiovascular Disease
As a result, elderly patients are usually less fit than their younger counterparts, and deconditioning is accelerated once cardiovascular disease is established. Pixabay

Regular exercise is highly beneficial for all patients with cardiovascular disease regardless of age, a new study has said, adding that patients who benefited most from cardiac rehabilitation were those who started out with the greatest physical impairment.

Ageing is associated with several factors such as increased inflammation or oxidative stress that predispose people to cardiovascular diseases.

“As a result, elderly patients are usually less fit than their younger counterparts, and deconditioning is accelerated once cardiovascular disease is established,” explained lead investigator Gaelle Deley from University of Burgundy Franche-Comt in France.

However, there is few data available about the impact of patient age on the physical and psychological effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation, said the study published in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

Exercise, Patients, Cardiovascular Disease
Ageing is associated with several factors such as increased inflammation or oxidative stress that predispose people to cardiovascular diseases. Pixabay

In the new study, investigators examined 733 patients who completed a 25-session cardiac rehabilitation programme.

Following the intervention, all patients experienced improvements.

“We found a few weeks of exercise training not only significantly improved exercise capacity, but also decreased anxiety and depression. Patients with the greatest physical impairments at baseline benefited the most from exercise,” said Dr Deley.

Another interesting result was that patients younger than 65 who were very anxious before rehabilitation benefited the most from exercise training.

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A similar result was found for depressed patients older than 65.

Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death globally. While cardiovascular diseases increasingly affect young people, the number of people above the age of 65 years, and even more above the age of 80 years, dying from cardiovascular diseases is also increasing. (IANS)

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Here are Ways to Protect your Bones as you Age

Here's how to protect your bones as you age

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Bones
Here are ways to take care of your bones and improve your bone health as you age. Lifetime Stock

The skeleton system of our body plays a vital role throughout our lifetime. It acts as pillar of support for our body’s framework and protects our vital organs. Additionally, bones help in storing minerals like calcium and phosphorous, as well as support the muscles for locomotion. From birth to old age our bones go through series of changes.

By the age of 30, the bone mass density reaches its peak. After which it tends to lose more bone mass than it is deposited. Osteoporosis is a frequently occurring condition developed by people as they grow old. In this condition, bones become weak and fragile. Consequently, it becomes difficult to heal a broken bone after an osteoporotic fracture.

According to statistics, adult population above the age of 50 tends to break their bones easily. Where it is seen, 1 in 2 women and 1 in 4 men fracture their bones due to osteoporosis. Hence, it is important to take care of our bones from young to old age.

Skeleton bones
By the age of 30, the bone mass density reaches its peak. Lifetime Stock

There are certain risk factors which may act as a catalyst for accelerating osteoporosis early. Lack of vitamin D and calcium in diet, lack of physical activity, being underweight, smoking and drinking, irregular hormonal levels and intake of certain medications are some common examples of risk factors.

The risk factors increase the vulnerability of osteoporosis as we age. Dr Harish Ghoota, Additional Director-Orthopaedics, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad shares the following steps to incorporate in your lifestyle to better bone health:

  • Incorporating food and drinks rich in calcium and vitamin D is a good step. For example, low-fat dairy, tofu, soy milk, green leafy vegetables, leguminous pulses, salmon and nuts are good sources for calcium. Exposing one’s body to sunlight for 10-15 minutes twice or thrice a week acts as a good source for vitamin D. Food products like fortified milk and cereals, salmon, tuna, shrimp and oysters are also good sources for vitamin
  •  Indulging in regular exercise for minimum half an hour keeps the muscles and bones strong. Strength building, weight training exercises and dancing are one of the best ways to keep fit and healthy bones
  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol abuse. According to medical advice, women should not consume more than one drink per day and men should not consume more than two drinks per day
  • With increasing age, regular bone density tests and health check-ups with doctors helps prevent excessive bone density loss.
    Exercise bones
    Exercising everyday is beneficial for your bones. Lifetime Stock

    Taking care of your bones from a young age becomes essential to prevent poor bone health. During childhood and adolescent years, bones rapidly grow. These form crucial years for developing good bone health. Proper balanced diet with increased intake of calcium rich foods and minimum one hour of physical exercise everyday helps to maintain good bone health. Additionally, adults after 30 years of age must integrate healthy lifestyle practices. These activities help to prevent poor bone health after the age of 30:

  • Exercising daily for 30 minutes least
  • Being cautious from falls or accidents
  • Going for regular check-ups
  • Regular bone density tests. Especially, after age of 50 with a fractured bone

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  • Additional intake of calcium and vitamin D over the age of 50
  • Regular medication, if prescribed by doctor, for bone density
  • Periodic Dexa scan test for high risk or vulnerable patients. (IANS)