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China warns India about 1962 Military Defeat, asks to Withdraw troops from “Chinese territory”

Tensions have risen between the two neighbors over the latest stand-off in India's Sikkim sector which has a little over 200 km of border with Tibet in China

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Indian military
Indian Army. Wikimedia
  • This is the only part of over 4,000-km India-China border which is largely settled. The two fought a war in 1962
  • The latest stand-off occurred in Donglong or Doklam, a disputed territory between Bhutan and China
  • New Delhi has so far not responded to the charges of Beijing, which on Thursday released two photos of Indian troops “trespassing Chinese boundary”

Beijing, June 29, 2017: In a sharp escalation of rhetoric, China on Thursday reminded India about its military defeat in 1962 and asked it to withdraw troops from “Chinese territory,” a precondition Beijing has set for resolving the latest border row in the Sikkim region.

Beijing also asked New Delhi not to “clamour for war”.

“We hope the particular person in the Indian Army could learn from historical lessons and stop such clamouring for war,” People’s Liberation Army spokesperson Wu Qian said, referring to Indian Army chief Bipin Rawat’s remarks that India was ready for a war with both China and Pakistan.

ALSO READ: Why India Must Counter China’s High-Altitude Land Grab?

“Such rhetoric is extremely irresponsible,” Wu said about remarks attributed to Gen Rawat, who on Thursday visited Sikkim where Indian and Chinese troops scuffled.

Tensions have risen between the two neighbors over the latest stand-off in India’s Sikkim sector which has a little over 200 km of border with Tibet in China.

This is the only part of over 4,000-km India-China border which is largely settled. The two fought a war in 1962.

The latest stand-off occurred in Donglong or Doklam, a disputed territory between Bhutan and China.

Beijing has accused India of obstructing road building in the area, which it claims as its own. It has also charged India with acting at the behest of Bhutan, which also lays claim to Donglong.

New Delhi has so far not responded to the charges of Beijing, which on Thursday released two photos of Indian troops “trespassing Chinese boundary”.

“We again urge the Indian side to abide by historical boundary convention, respect Chinese territorial sovereignty and withdraw the troops to the Indian side of the boundary to avoid further escalation,” Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said.

“This is the precondition for the settlement of the incident and also the basis for us to conduct a meaningful dialogue,” he said.

Following the face-off, China has suspended the pilgrimage to Kailash Mansarovar in Tibet where Indians travel via Nathu La Pass, which is shut now.

Lu said the fact of Indian troops crossing into Chinese territory was “undeniable”. “It is violating our historical boundary conventions as well as promises by the Indian government.

“I can show you the pictures and photos concerning borders trespassed by Indian troops.” Lu said displaying the pictures to the media from the lectern.

China also brushed aside Bhutan’s protest against Beijing building a road towards a Bhutanese Army camp in Zomplri area of Doklam or Donglong, calling the construction “just and lawful” and in Chinese territory.

Bhutan has issued a demarche to the Chinese Embassy over the incident in New Delhi since both countries have no diplomatic ties.

“Donglong has been Chinese territory since ancient time. This is an indisputable territory and we have adequate legal basis concerning this,” Lu said.

“And this is just a sovereign action by China to conduct the road construction in its territory. This is totally justifiable and lawful.”

Barring India and Bhutan, China has settled its land border dispute with its other 12 neighbours. (IANS)

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China Tightens Up Security with India Border ahead of Communist Party Congress

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Indo-china border
Army men guard at India-China border. ians

Beijing, Sep 29: China has stepped up security on its border with India, North Korea and Myanmar ahead of the key Communist Party Congress next month.The once-in-a-five-year meet is China’s most important political event.

The authorities would not like to risk any event which disrupts the meeting where Chinese President Xi Jinping will get a second five-year term.

China’s border police will maintain the highest security on the country’s frontiers with North Korea, India and Myanmar as the Communist Party Congress gear up for its all-important Congress, the Hong Kong-based South China Morning said in a report.

“(We will) stick to the highest standards, strictest requirements and strongest measures to ensure absolute border security for the party’s 19th national Congress,” the report quoted an official statement as saying.

China has a long-running border dispute with India. The two countries have 3,488 km of de facto boundary, most of which is disputed.

Beijing and New Delhi last month ended an over two-month military stand-off in the Sikkim section along the Sino-India border.

China’s northeast borders reclusive North Korea. The North Korean nuclear crisis has worried the world, especially its ally China.

Beijing fears an influx of refugees in case of a war between the US and the North.
China would not also want Myanmar’s Rohingyas to cross over into Chinese border.

“The border forces under the People’s Armed Police became the latest government agency to make a show of support for President Xi Jinping, saying officers would focus on the frontiers to ensure stability for the five-yearly gathering,” the newspaper said.

They would also tighten monitoring of coastal areas and ramp up counter-terrorism work, the police were quoted as saying in a statement.

Security personnel have been out in force across the country to make sure the highly choreographed gathering is not disturbed by social unrest.(IANS)

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Japan comes Out in Full Support for India in its 2-month Long Military Standoff with China at Doklam

The support of the Indian position by Japan is a notable step as China has not only violated agreements with India and Bhutan but Japan as well

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Japan backs India on Doklam standoff issue
Doklam standoff. Wikimedia Commons
  • Japan said there should be nothing to change the status quo on the ground by force
  • The statement comes as an endorsement of the Indian position that China has violated agreements with India and Bhutan
  • India has made its standpoint clear that it stands for peace and that the border problem can be resolved diplomatically and not by war

New Delhi, August 18, 2017: Japan has come out in full support for India in its two-month long military standoff with China at Doklam, near the Sikkim-Tibet-Bhutan tri-junction, stating no ‘unilateral forces’ to change the status quo on the ground.

Japanese Ambassador to India Kenji Hiramatsu acknowledged the situation at the Doklam Plateau and said, “We recognize Doklam is a disputed area between Bhutan and China and the two countries are engaged in border talks. We also understand that India has a treaty understanding with Bhutan, that’s why Indian troops got involved in the area”, mentioned ANI report.

The support of the Indian position by Japan is a notable step at a regional level as China has not only violated agreements with India and Bhutan but Japan as well.

It is appropriate to state that Japan is also involved with the sovereignty issue with China… Click To Tweet

The Bhutanese Government had earlier recounted ANI over the phone, “Our position on the border issue of Doklam is very clear.”

ALSO READ: China warns India about 1962 Military Defeat, asks to Withdraw troops from “Chinese territory”

In a response to the developments in Doklam, the Bhutanese Government issued a press release on June 29 where it was clearly mentioned that the construction of the road inside the Bhutanese territory is the infringement of the agreements and affects the process of demarcating the boundary between the two countries.

China is trying to build a trail through Doklam plateau, which is part of Bhutan, a construction that would serve as an impediment to India’s military defenses.

Doklam stand-off has now approached its second month, and there has been no change in the situation. China’s Foreign Ministry has restated that India should withdraw all its troops and equipment as the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) troops will continue to defend Dong Lang, which is Chinese territory.

The prolonged standoff began on June 16 when India sent troops to stop China constructing a road in the Doklam area, a remote, unsettled territory claimed by both China and India’s ally Bhutan. India opposed the road construction after the Chinese troops neglected Bhutanese protests, which triggered the border tensions.

External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj has reemphasized that “India’s roadmap is peace and talks are going on to resolve the issue diplomatically”.

India has made its standpoint clear that it stands for peace and that the border problem can be resolved diplomatically and not by war.


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Reforms in corrupt PLA can affect Indian Army

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Corruption is a gambit so large that it can and does encompass every or any country irrespective of them being democratic or communist. China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is going under a long-anticipated reform process according to the South China Morning Post. The reforms are expected to help solve the issues of deep corruption within the Chinese defence forces.

The planned reforms, according to the Chinese leadership, is expected to reorganize the existing seven military zones into four separate commands while cutting about 300,000 troops to lessen the complications of power.

The formal announcement of the onset of restructuring was officially declared by the top military brass at a gathering of leaders involved in national defence and military reforms who are directed by the China’s Central Military Commission.

“I announce that China will reduce military personnel numbers by 300,000,” Xi was quoted as saying in the New York Times. Xi once stated that the armed services were “loyally committed to its sacred duty of defending the security of the motherland and the peaceful life of the people, and loyally committed to the sacred duty of safeguarding world peace.”

The Hong Kong daily explains PLA to be: “The PLA was extensively involved in economic affairs until the late 1990s when the central leadership realised that the army’s profit-seeking operations had resulted in PLA top brass abusing their special privileges and power by promoting their business interests.”

It mentions the instance of senior naval officers conveying warships overseas to smuggle household appliance and vehicles (cars).

The PLA which used to be a peasants’ army once has now grown to perform duties to safeguard a nation so significant, geographical and political as China. Although the country is known to be a strictly regulated nation, loopholes still exist in their administration as well as governance.

The urge to publically mention the need of reforms represents the intensity of the situation in China as the country tweaks and trims its outflow of information.

India can be highly impacted by the repercussions of their rectification. India shares an extensive border with China and that’s where both the armies face each other at large. With the developments taking place in the PLA, it is expected to lead to a better and strengthened military work zone across the border.

A corrupt and comparatively less efficient Chinese defence forces would be easy for India to target in distress, though, if improved to be fitter and better prepared for any contingency. Also, an intromission of power on India can lead to a lower supreme response.

Adding on to the military stress from the other side, Indian border would perhaps come under one Military Areas Commands (MAC) instead of two as today, which will tremendously ameliorate the efficiency of the Chinese ‘border’ forces creating a supplementary burden onto the India forces, which are already sustaining themselves in an adverse environment, unlike their Chinese counterpart.

India has already started working on bringing desired developments in the field to not be on the back foot in the times of conflict.

The Indian Army has a doctrine called ‘Cold Start’ a mechanised infantry, a heavy strike crop to essentially strike against Pakistan in the event of a war. On similar lines to protect its India-China border, they have devised a comparatively recent strategy comprising of “Mountain Strike Corps”.

India is to proceed with the formation of a new Mountain Strike Corps of over 40,000 troops to be deployed along the disputed China border region by the end of 2016.

The infrastructure of the same is yet to be set up. Though once effectively put in place, it would strengthen the north-eastern border of India with China to a great level. This corp will be specifically trained to work and deliver their best in the mountain region.

One response to “Reforms in corrupt PLA can affect Indian Army”

  1. these are temporary solutions to the problem. Although such action from Indian side is necessary but it will only increase a tension in the border region. The only possible way to reach peace at border is when citizens of both the countries will force their government to roll back Army baring few check posts in the initial period and make border more pours for more trade and mutual border state development (because having bilateral talks with china on border issues are useless). Developing complex economic dependence between India and China is the only way to solve border issue.

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