Get subscribed to our newsletter
Get interesting updates to your email inbox.
It is the story of the time when Bangladesh was liberated in 1971, leaving its identity as East Pakistan. It is one of the most horrendous incidents that happened when the Pakistani Army committed genocide of the Hindu communities where 200-400,000 women were raped, approximately 2-3 Million people were killed and almost 10 Million people got displaced.
Today, this incident might have been removed from the shackles of history, but it becomes very important to talk about it in order to raise voices against the brutality, injustice, hatred that exists even now to target a particular community.
This March commemorates 50 years since the 1971 Bengali Hindu genocide incident happened. Today, let us reflect back on those pages of history which highlight the plight of this brutal incident, where Hindus in Bangladesh were viciously oppressed and tortured!
Please Follow NewsGram on Facebook To Get Latest Updates!
Here’s How The Brutal Genocide Happened
The genocide in Bangladesh began on 26 March 1971, with the onset of Operation Searchlight (A planned military operation carried out by the Pakistani Army to curb the separatist Bengali nationalist movement in East Pakistan in March 1971) as West Pakistan (now Pakistan) began a military crackdown on its Eastern wing (now Bangladesh) of the nation to suppress Bengali calls for liberation.
Hindus residing there were made the premiere target and according to some historical sources, it is shared that The Pakistani Army called off verbal instructions to eliminate Hindus! Hindu community was robbed of its lands and their shops too were systematically slaughtered.
Rapes of The Hindu Women
Killings weren’t enough, while the incident was ongoing, a fatwa in Pakistan declared that the Bengali freedom fighters were Hindus and that their women could be taken as the ‘booty of war’. Numerous women were tortured, raped, and unsparingly killed during the war including the Bengali women. The Military of Pakistan wanted the Hindu community out of East Pakistan but still, the Pakistani soldiers raped Hindu women.
Hindu women were killed after being raped and Bengali Muslim women were left alive to give birth to “pure” Muslim babies.
Aubrey Menen, an English writer of Irish, documented an account of a 17-year-old Hindu bride who was gang-raped by Pakistani soldiers:
“Two went into the room that had been built for the bridal couple. The others stayed behind with the family, one of them covering them with his gun. They heard a barked order and the bridegroom’s voice protesting. Then there was silence until the bride screamed…In a few minutes, one of the soldiers came out, his uniform in disarray. He grinned at his companions. Another soldier took his place in the extra room. And so on, until all six had raped the belle of the village. Then all six left, hurriedly. The father found his daughter lying on the string unconscious and bleeding. Her husband was crouched on the floor, kneeling over his vomit.”
Mass Killing of The Hindu Population
An article in Time magazine dated 2 August 1971, read as follows:
“The Hindus, who account for three-fourths of the refugees and a majority of the dead, have borne the brunt of the Muslim military hatred.”
Pakistanis wanted to eliminate the Hindu communities in order to distribute and share the properties belonging to the Hindus among the middle-class Muslims residing in Bangladesh. The Hindus were made the special targets of the Pakistani forces. Historical accounts also claim that the only motive of the Pakistani soldiers was “to kill Hindus”.
US consulates reported methodical slaughter of Hindu men in cities starting in the first 24 hours of the incident. Pakistani Army units entered villages asking where the Hindu community lived. Hindus were identified because they were not circumcised. It has also come into account that sometimes the military also massacred Hindu women. There were barely any areas left where no Hindu was killed!
How The Then Indian Government Reacted To The Genocide
Writer Gary J Bass who is the author of the book “The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger and a Forgotten Genocide” which is an accountable book based on this incident claimed in his book that while the then Indian Government (led by Smt. Indira Gandhi) was aware of the mishappening with the Hindus, it tried to play it down and instead referred to it as genocide against the Bengali community in Bangladesh so as to avoid an outcry from the leaders of the then Jan Sangh which is the predecessor to Bharatiya Janta Party.
He has also mentioned that “rather than basing this accusation primarily on the victimization of Hindus, the then Indian Government tended to focus on the decimation of the Bengalis as a group”.
Present Condition of The Hindus in Bangladesh
After the liberation of Bangladesh to be a separate country, the Hindu community has contracted—from 13.5% in 1974 to 8.96% in 2011—a nearly 33% decline, which is humungous in demographic terms.
Also, since the year 1947, when India attained independence, the Hindu communities in Bangladesh have lived as second-class citizens—first under the Islamic theocracy of Pakistan till 1971 and subsequently under some of the governments in Bangladesh.
The Hindu community still has to go through some discrimination against it regarding various issues and continues to become a target of mob violence.
The Hindu American Foundation Report: https://www.hinduamerican.org/
The Blood Telegram (Vintage, 2014). Gary J Bass
The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan. Yale University Press, 200
The Genocide That Was Never Told. Vinayaka Bhatta
– Written Content and Graphical Content Prepared By Kashish Rai (Twitter: @KaafyyFilmyy)
Amitabh Bachchan is adored by the public for his unforgettable on-screen performances as well as his magnetic demeanour. Not only do fans love Amitabh Bachchan's outstanding performance, but the actor's heartwarming words are also highly regarded. A much moved Amitabh Bachchan, during his speech to the crowd of over 80,000 people at the Reliance Industries' annual event, said that the legacy left by Dhirubhai has had a positive impact on millions of people's lives worldwide.
When Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan became bankrupt in the late 1990s, Dhirubhai Ambani stepped forward to give him financial assistance. In his speech, Bachchan remembered that Dhirubhai had sent Anil Ambani to offer him financial assistance during the crisis, which he had respectfully declined. Lenders began knocking on his door, losses mounted, and his bank account dwindled to nothing. He said, "Dhirubhai's money might have gotten me out of the problem quickly. However, I respectfully declined his offer and gradually began to find work again, which let me pay off my debt."
Amitabh Bachchan is adored by the public for his unforgettable on-screen performances as well as his magnetic demeanour. | Flickr
Later, after Bachchan had recovered from the bankruptcy, one day he was invited to an event at Dhirubhai's residence; Bachchan added, "Dhirubhai was standing and having a chat with his industrialist friends when he saw me there, he called me, firstly I felt shy even to present myself in front of such big industrialists but then, I went there, and Dhirubhai declared in front of all of them that 'This young man had fallen but managed to get back up on his own, I have a lot of respect for him because of that.' Those words of his were worth much more to me than any amount of money that he could have offered me."
It was the "Reliance Family Day" event and was attended by members of the Ambani family from all generations. The event commemorated the company's 40-year journey since its inception. It also celebrated the 85th birthday of the late Dhirubhai Ambani, RILs (Reliance Industries Limited) founder.
Keywords: Bollywood, Reliance, Amitabh Bachchan, Dhirubhai Ambani, event
In comparison to adults, children are prone to getting traumatized by troubling events easily, and this makes it important for parents to help their children when the times are tough. It could be a brutal accident, an unprecedented pandemic, a violent crime, or other disasters but with the right parental support, children have a higher chance of coming out stronger from an awful situation.
Anuja Kapur, Psychologist shares few tips wherein you can assist your child when tough times comes calling:
Every child responds differently to disturbing events: What children feel about a current disaster in their life and how they react to it can come and go in waves. Children can act moody and withdrawn at times, struck with sorrow and fear at other times. There's no absolute "right" or "wrong" way to feel after a traumatic event so make sure not to dictate what your child or how your child should feel and react to the event.
Children can act moody and withdrawn at times, struck with sorrow and fear at other times. | Photo by Kat J on Unsplash
Encourage your child to be transparent: Just make sure you let your child know that whatever feelings they're experiencing is normal. The unpleasantness will pass if your child opens up about it and that the phase is temporary. While many teens may be reluctant to talk about their feelings with a parent, encourage them to confide in another trusted adult such as a family friend, relative, or a counselor and teacher. It's important to talkeeven if it's not with you.
Just make sure you let your child know that whatever feelings they're experiencing is normal. | Photo by Sebastián León Prado on Unsplash
Deter your child from reliving the disturbing event: Dwelling over, watching the footage, or imagining the event can be overwhelmingly stressful for children and this stress can even block their nervous system. However, to negate such things from happening encourage activities that keep your child's mind occupied so they're not obsessive about the event. You could encourage your children to read, play games together, or simply watch an uplifting movie.
Dwelling over, watching the footage, or imagining the event can be overwhelmingly stressful for children and this stress can even block their nervous system. | Photo by Юлія Дубина on Unsplash
Cocoon your child with warmth: In order to reassure your child that they are safe with you and feel secure, that the worst is over your physical affection is important in making them feel safe again. Teens may try to be tough through it and avoid being held, but they still need the proximity.
In order to reassure your child that they are safe with you and feel secure, that the worst is over your physical affection is important in making them feel safe again. | Photo by adrianna geo on Unsplash
Maintain routines. Establishing a predictable structure and schedule for your child's life can help to make the world seem more stable again. Try to maintain regular times for meals, homework, and family activities. Make sure your child accommodates time and space for rest, play, and fun. Keeping up with a schedule can help countercheck the obnoxious feeling of stress and worry in children about the future being dark, hopeless, and unpredictable.
Try to maintain regular times for meals, homework, and family activities. | Photo by Paico Oficial on Unsplash
Acknowledge and validate your child's concerns. The disastrous events in life may give place to unrelated fright and concerns in your child. However, understanding and accepting your child's present state is a comfort for the child. If at any point the child blames himself for the event make sure to make it clear and crisp the event was not their fault, you love them, and it's okay for them to feel upset, angry, or scared but not guilty.
Understanding and accepting your child's present state is a comfort for the child Photo by Jeremiah Lawrence on Unsplash
Irrespective of the age of your child, it is vital for parents to offer that extra support and assistance following an unsettling event. The traumatic event may bring up unrelated fears and issues in your child. However, by accepting their thoughts and replacing their fear with your love and direction, the ominous feelings will start to fade away. Eventually, the child will be able to return to a normal and healthy life. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Kids, Help, stress, cope, routine, warmth, understanding, encourage, psychology, children
The European Commission, the executive arm of the European Union (EU), has announced plans for smartphone and other electronics manufacturers to fit a common USB-C charging port on their devices in an effort to reduce waste. In addition to phones, the rules will apply to other devices like tablets, headphones, portable speakers, videogame consoles, and cameras, reports The Verge. The decision will have a huge impact on Apple, as the company still uses its own Lightning connector to charge iPhones. The proposals only cover devices using wired, not wireless and a USB-C port is only mandatory for devices that charge using a cable.
"Chargers power all our most essential electronic devices | Photo by Solen Feyissa on Unsplash
"Chargers power all our most essential electronic devices. With more and more devices, more and more chargers are sold that are not interchangeable or not necessary. We are putting an end to that," the report quoted EU commissioner Thierry Breton as saying.
The Commission also wants to unbundle the sale of chargers from the sale of electronic devices, which it says will improve the consumers' convenience. "With our proposal, European consumers will be able to use a single charger for all their portable electronics - an important step to increase convenience and reduce waste." In addition, the Commission will require manufacturers to provide relevant information about charging performance. (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: Electronic Devices, Chargers, Cable, smartphone, Adapters, Charging Cord