Saturday December 15, 2018
Home India Dr Upendranat...

Dr Upendranath Brahmachari: Remembering the Forgotten Genius and Saint of India

Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari was born in Jamalpur, Bihar on 19th December 1873

0
//
Kala-Azar
Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari. Wikimedia
Republish
Reprint
  • Upendranath Brahmachari was born in Bihar in the year 1873
  • He grew up specializing in medicine and surgery
  • The doctor is said to have saved millions of lives through curing a viral disease called Kala-Azar

August 22, 2017: A renowned and prominent name in the hall of fame list of Indian scientists is Upendranath Brahmachari who was famous in the field of medicine.

Dr. Brahmachari’s most important work during his lifetime was his discovery of Urea Stibamine, a treatment for the fatal disease called Kala-Azar.

BACKGROUND: Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari was born in Jamalpur, Bihar on 19th December 1873. At the time, Bihar and Assam were in shambolic states. But Dr. Brahmachari had a fairly secure growing up phase. His father, Dr. Nilmony Brahmachari, was a famous medical practitioner in the Indian as well as European communities. Dr. Nilmony Brahmachari worked as a physician in East Indian Railways.

Dr. Upendranath did his schooling from Eastern Railway’s Boys High School. He loved math and had excellent academic records. The young genius went on to obtain a Bachelor’s degree with honors in chemistry and mathematics in 1893 from Hooghly Mohsin College. Further, Brahmachari did polymath. He got a Master’s degree in medicine from Kolkata’s Presidency College. His Ph.D. was a thesis on ‘Haemolysis’ which he earned in 1904.

ALSO READ: Hindu Philosophy fascinated WB Yeats: Remembering him and his Timeless Poetry at Jaipur Literature Festival

CAREER: Upendranath Brahmachari began his career as a doctor in Kolkata under Sir Gerald Bomford. Impressed by the talent, in 1901 Sir Bomford offered Brahmachari, who was 27 at the time, to teach physiology in Dacca Medical School.

Later in 1905, Brahmachari was appointed as a teacher in medicine and physician at Kolkata’s Campbell Medical School. This is where Dr. Brahmachari made some of his remarkable and outstanding discoveries, most notably, the discovery of Urea Stibamine.

This discovery was to become a significant treatment for the fatal disease called Kala-Azar. Kala-Azar is a disease strictly limited to the Mediterranean as well as South Asian nations. Sand flies are known to transmit this disease. Various characteristics broadly include irregular fever, anemia, and enlarged liver and spleen. Kala-Azar was known as the second largest parasitic killer of the world, followed by Malaria.

A treatment for Kala-Azar existed at the time but it was not helping the rapid death rates due to the disease. Dr. Brahmachari had been devoting his time to finding a treatment that had little to no disadvantages but could not come up with anything.

In 1919, his breakthrough came knocking at the door. The Indian Research Fund Association had granted resources to Brahmachari for conducting more in-depth research for the treatment of the disease. With this help, in his Campbell Medical School lab, the Doctor discovered Urea Stibamine.

Kala-Azar today is a rare disease only present in a handful of remote places. Especially in Assam where the disease thrived, many lives were saved.

Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari instantly became a popular figure in the Indian science academia. His discovery was now successfully incorporated into the growing scientific knowledge in medicine. His masterpiece “Treatise on Kala-Azar” became an essential reference reading in medicine. Moreover, his other works include treatment of malaria, dermal leishmaniasis, quartan fever, blackwater fever, and more.

Brahmachari retired in 1927 but continued to participate in Kolkata’s cultural and humanitarian activities. He stayed connected to all literary and scientific organizations in Kolkata.

Achievements: The World’s Second Blood Bank which was formed in Kolkata was driven by the efforts of Dr. Brahmachari. He was also the Head of Department for Biochemistry in Kolkata’s University College of Science, where he was also the Honorary Professor of Biochemistry.

The Asiatic Society of Bengal awarded Upendranath Brahmachari with ‘Sir William Jones Medal’. He was also awarded the Griffith Memorial Prize by the University of Kolkata. The Kolkata School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene awarded the Doctor a Minto Medal.

He became the first Indian to be elected as the chairman of Managing body of Kolkata Branch of the Indian Red Cross Society.

For his numerous contributions to science, he was awarded the title of Rai Bahadur in 1924. The same year, Brahmachari was also awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind gold medal.

In the year 1929, the famous scientist was honored with being nominated for the Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine and almost won India the first Nobel Prize in the category, however, it was won by Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins and Christiaan Eijkman for their detailed work on vitamins. Brahmachari was also conferred a knighthood by the British Government in 1934.

Brahmachari was also conferred a knighthood by the British Government in 1934.

Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari’s name comes along with Satyendra Nath Bose as two main figures during the Bengal Rennaissance.

Death: On 6th February 1946, Brahmachari passed away aged 72. For his contributions to the Kolkata society’s well-being, the Kolkata Municipal Corporation changed the name of Loudon street to D.R UN Brahmachari Street.

 – Prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter @Saksham2394


NewsGram is a Chicago-based non-profit media organization. We depend upon support from our readers to maintain our objective reporting. Show your support by Donating to NewsGram. Donations to NewsGram are tax-exempt. 
Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2017 NewsGram

Next Story

This Break Work on These Cool Tech Projects

With the technologically changing time and dearth of opportunities, it is essential to stay up to date in order to make sure that you are the best at what you wish to pursue.

0
College, skills
Instead of physical copies of books, e-learning uses visual content and gamification. Pixabay

College is usually the time to learn and try new things so what better way to spend your time than to work on projects that would help enhance your skills and resume. In case you feel that you do not have the necessary skills to work on such projects, you could upskill yourself by doing an online learning.  

To begin with, what is online learning?
Unlike the conventional learning in a classroom, online learning makes the content available for students digitally. Students can learn online, anywhere and anytime. Instead of physical copies of books, e-learning uses visual content and gamification.

It is flexible and offers you the opportunity to create your own schedule and complete as per convenience even while pursuing other things. It is also affordable, and you could make best use of your savings so far.

To help you understand better, we have listed few projects you could work on along with the skills that you could attain through online learning.

MBA, online training, skills
Online training is the perfect medium to bridge the gap and realising what you can do and can make a career in.. Pixabay

 

  • Create a website

 

Web development is the work involved in developing a website. It can range from developing a single page to the most complex websites. There are two kinds of web developer specialization: front-end developer and back-end developer. Front-end developers deal with the layout and visuals of a website, while back-end developers deal with the functionality of a website.

The training that would help you with this project is Web Development training. It would help you understand the intricacies and provide an in-depth knowledge about the subject.

 

  • Build a game

 

Python has emerged as a shining star of the coding world while providing you with an opportunity to transform your imagination of creating cool characters in games into reality. It is an open source language and can easily be used by every programmer without any qualms. Being an Interpretive and Object-oriented Programming (OOP) language it adapts itself to the real world and works on debugging the codes without the hassle of a compiler thus saving time on refining the code lines.

MBA, online training, skills
The online world has given us a new playground to explore Pixabay

The training that would help you with this project is Programming with Python Training. It would help you in understanding the building blocks of Python.

 

  • Build an Android app

 

With 2Bn+ users, Android is the most commonly used mobile OS. Apps are designed to let you access different information through it and the simplicity of it makes it unique and with wide-ranging functionalities.

The training that would help you with this project is Android App Development. It would help you understand the various features of App Development and how it can be put to use.

MBA, online training, skills, android
Google has replaced the Easter Egg image in the latest preview of Android O developer, and now an Octopus can be seen. Pixabay

 

  • Develop system applications

 

It is derived from the C-language and since its inception, has been a top performing language. Java is fast and efficient and because of which it is frequently used as an enterprise-level software or in complex business problems. It consists of Java Virtual Machine (JVM), which is responsible for converting the code and Java Runtime Environment (JRE), which is used for execution.

The training that would help you with this project is Core Java Training. It would help you understand basic concepts of Java and Object-Oriented Programming such as arrays, methods, and inheritance, polymorphism, classes etc.

MBA, online training, skills, android
In case you feel that you do not have the necessary skills to work on such projects, you could upskill yourself.
  1. Create an IOT project

Internet of Things (IoT) is network of physical objects that are accessible through the internet. The objects are assigned an IP address and have the ability to collect and transfer data over a network without manual assistance or intervention. The connection thus formed helps in providing a flawless medium with each other to interact and yield the desired outcome.

The training that would help you with this project is Internet Of Things training. It would help you in building intelligent internet-connected devices and the intricacies of it.

Also Read: How To Make Most of Your Online Training

With the technologically changing time and dearth of opportunities, it is essential to stay up to date in order to make sure that you are the best at what you wish to pursue. So what better way to spend your idle time than to create something truly remarkable! 

About the Author: Sarvesh Agrawal is the Founder and CEO of Internshala, an internship and trainings platform. (Internshala.com)