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Dr Upendranath Brahmachari: Remembering the Forgotten Genius and Saint of India

Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari was born in Jamalpur, Bihar on 19th December 1873

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Kala-Azar
Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari. Wikimedia
  • Upendranath Brahmachari was born in Bihar in the year 1873
  • He grew up specializing in medicine and surgery
  • The doctor is said to have saved millions of lives through curing a viral disease called Kala-Azar

August 22, 2017: A renowned and prominent name in the hall of fame list of Indian scientists is Upendranath Brahmachari who was famous in the field of medicine.

Dr. Brahmachari’s most important work during his lifetime was his discovery of Urea Stibamine, a treatment for the fatal disease called Kala-Azar.

BACKGROUND: Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari was born in Jamalpur, Bihar on 19th December 1873. At the time, Bihar and Assam were in shambolic states. But Dr. Brahmachari had a fairly secure growing up phase. His father, Dr. Nilmony Brahmachari, was a famous medical practitioner in the Indian as well as European communities. Dr. Nilmony Brahmachari worked as a physician in East Indian Railways.

Dr. Upendranath did his schooling from Eastern Railway’s Boys High School. He loved math and had excellent academic records. The young genius went on to obtain a Bachelor’s degree with honors in chemistry and mathematics in 1893 from Hooghly Mohsin College. Further, Brahmachari did polymath. He got a Master’s degree in medicine from Kolkata’s Presidency College. His Ph.D. was a thesis on ‘Haemolysis’ which he earned in 1904.

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CAREER: Upendranath Brahmachari began his career as a doctor in Kolkata under Sir Gerald Bomford. Impressed by the talent, in 1901 Sir Bomford offered Brahmachari, who was 27 at the time, to teach physiology in Dacca Medical School.

Later in 1905, Brahmachari was appointed as a teacher in medicine and physician at Kolkata’s Campbell Medical School. This is where Dr. Brahmachari made some of his remarkable and outstanding discoveries, most notably, the discovery of Urea Stibamine.

This discovery was to become a significant treatment for the fatal disease called Kala-Azar. Kala-Azar is a disease strictly limited to the Mediterranean as well as South Asian nations. Sand flies are known to transmit this disease. Various characteristics broadly include irregular fever, anemia, and enlarged liver and spleen. Kala-Azar was known as the second largest parasitic killer of the world, followed by Malaria.

A treatment for Kala-Azar existed at the time but it was not helping the rapid death rates due to the disease. Dr. Brahmachari had been devoting his time to finding a treatment that had little to no disadvantages but could not come up with anything.

In 1919, his breakthrough came knocking at the door. The Indian Research Fund Association had granted resources to Brahmachari for conducting more in-depth research for the treatment of the disease. With this help, in his Campbell Medical School lab, the Doctor discovered Urea Stibamine.

Kala-Azar today is a rare disease only present in a handful of remote places. Especially in Assam where the disease thrived, many lives were saved.

Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari instantly became a popular figure in the Indian science academia. His discovery was now successfully incorporated into the growing scientific knowledge in medicine. His masterpiece “Treatise on Kala-Azar” became an essential reference reading in medicine. Moreover, his other works include treatment of malaria, dermal leishmaniasis, quartan fever, blackwater fever, and more.

Brahmachari retired in 1927 but continued to participate in Kolkata’s cultural and humanitarian activities. He stayed connected to all literary and scientific organizations in Kolkata.

Achievements: The World’s Second Blood Bank which was formed in Kolkata was driven by the efforts of Dr. Brahmachari. He was also the Head of Department for Biochemistry in Kolkata’s University College of Science, where he was also the Honorary Professor of Biochemistry.

The Asiatic Society of Bengal awarded Upendranath Brahmachari with ‘Sir William Jones Medal’. He was also awarded the Griffith Memorial Prize by the University of Kolkata. The Kolkata School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene awarded the Doctor a Minto Medal.

He became the first Indian to be elected as the chairman of Managing body of Kolkata Branch of the Indian Red Cross Society.

For his numerous contributions to science, he was awarded the title of Rai Bahadur in 1924. The same year, Brahmachari was also awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind gold medal.

In the year 1929, the famous scientist was honored with being nominated for the Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine and almost won India the first Nobel Prize in the category, however, it was won by Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins and Christiaan Eijkman for their detailed work on vitamins. Brahmachari was also conferred a knighthood by the British Government in 1934.

Brahmachari was also conferred a knighthood by the British Government in 1934.

Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari’s name comes along with Satyendra Nath Bose as two main figures during the Bengal Rennaissance.

Death: On 6th February 1946, Brahmachari passed away aged 72. For his contributions to the Kolkata society’s well-being, the Kolkata Municipal Corporation changed the name of Loudon street to D.R UN Brahmachari Street.

 – Prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter @Saksham2394


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Follow These Tips to Nail Your College Presentation

Here are ways to successfully deliver a presentation at college

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Presentation
Giving a presentation is indeed a very tough job but here are a few tips to help you out. Pixabay

By Kanan Parmar

Nervous about your presentation and seminar? Giving a presentation as an assesment is indeed a very tough job. Most of us would spend days stressing about it even if we’re prepared. But it isn’t as tough a job as it sounds. All you need is the skill to speak and express yourself clearly.

Here are a few things you need to keep in mind while giving a presentation:

Be Well Prepared

You can never present your topic without a lot of primary and secondary research. You need to be well-prepared so that you do not give a chance to your teacher to question you. You need to think of all the questions that might be asked and must have ready-answers for the same.
You also need to know your audience to deliver your content in style. Structuring your presentation is crucial so that you do not leave the audience confused. Do not make your it disorganised, dull and unclear.

Presentation
Your base research about the topic should be strong for your presentation. Pixabay

Be Creative

Prepare your powerpoint presentation in a way which looks intriguing and creative. It should capture the attention of the audience. Make it colourful, add animations and transitions. Use bigger fonts. Make sure you use bulletin points because nobody is interested in reading paragraphs.
Also, if your teacher permits, you may write up a jingle or a small song related to your topic to sing before/after your presentation. Creatives always help you get extra marks.

Dress up Properly

Always remember that nobody would want to go ahead with your work if you yourself do not look presentable. Put on your clean and ironed formal clothes and wear polished shoes. If you look shabby then you will definitely lose marks.
Wear light coloured-shirts and dresses. Bright coloured clothes aren’t considered to be formal enough.

Presentation
For any presentation, you need to be innovative and creative. Pixabay

Be Confident

Before you start presenting, greet the audience with a confident smile on your face. Delivering your content in a flow is very important and try not to stammer. If at all you become anxious or nervous, remember to take deep breaths. Do not speak in a monotonous manner as you do not want your audience to get bored of you and start using their mobile phones.
Make sure you do not stand in front of the screen to cover it. Use visual aids during your presentation. Also, do not forget to make eye contact with the audience.

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Other tips for a good presentation are:

  1. Do not exceed your time limit.
  2. Practice a few times in front of the mirror.
  3. Answer the questions properly.
  4. Do not use filler words like “ummm”.
  5. Be interactive.