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“Republicans Want To Solve This Problem With Belief in The ‘Innovation Fairy’ — U.S. Senate Heats Up on Climate Change

Moments after blocking debate on the Green New Deal, the Senate took up a bill to fund federal assistance to U.S. communities struck by climate-related natural disasters, from hurricanes to wildfires to flooding.

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green new deal
Sen. Ed Markey, D-Mass., and Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, D-N.Y., hold a news conference for their proposed "Green New Deal" at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Feb. 7, 2019. The Republican-led Senate rejected the plan March 26, 2019. VOA

the U.S. Senate on Thursday completed its most momentous week on climate change in years, loudly swatting down an ambitious proposal to overhaul America’s economy to halt carbon emissions, while at the same time taking baby steps toward bipartisan agreement on the threats posed by a warming planet.

The Republican-led chamber on Tuesday rejected the Green New Deal, a resolution to stop greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and rewrite America’s social contract through a vast expansion of federal mandates.

The measure received zero votes in favor, as four Democrats joined a unified Republican caucus in opposing floor debate, while all other Democrats, including the resolution’s sponsors, voted “present.”

Despite the defeat, environmental activists found reasons to cheer.

“We’re delighted to see momentum in the U.S. Senate — this debate on climate change has been largely stalled for some while,” Elizabeth Gore, Environmental Defense Fund senior vice president for political affairs, told VOA.

Acknowledgment from McConnell

While engineering the swift demise of the Green New Deal, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky acknowledged that global warming is a genuine threat, breaking from President Donald Trump, who repeatedly has dismissed the scientific community’s warnings as “a hoax.”

FILE - Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., speaks to reporters on Capitol Hill in Washington, Feb. 26, 2019.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., speaks to reporters on Capitol Hill in Washington, Feb. 26, 2019. VOA

Asked by reporters Tuesday whether he believed climate change was real and man-made, McConnell said, “I do. The question is, how do you address it?”

Republicans lambasted the Green New Deal as a socialist pipe dream, arguing that eliminating combustion engines in a decade would destroy the U.S. economy and eradicate many Americans’ way of life.

“We need tractors to plant our crops. We need combines to harvest our crops. We need trucks to get it to the [grain] elevator — all of which are going to be pretty hard to operate if you don’t have fuel-fired engines,” said Sen. John Thune, R-S.D.

Instead of costly governmental intervention, Republicans urged an unleashing of American innovation.

FILE - U.S. Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., speaks Dec. 17, 2018, in Nashville, Tenn.
U.S. Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., speaks Dec. 17, 2018, in Nashville, Tenn. VOA

“We should use American research and technology to provide the rest of the world with tools to create low-cost energy that emits fewer greenhouse gases,” Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., said Monday, when he unveiled a proposal to double federal funding for low-carbon and carbon-free energy projects and research.

Alexander said his plan “would create breakthroughs in advanced nuclear reactors, natural gas, carbon capture, better batteries, greener buildings, electric vehicles, cheaper solar and fusion.”

Not enough

Senate Democrats mostly derided the Republican moves as too little, too late.

Noting McConnell’s acknowledgment of climate change, Democratic Minority Leader Chuck Schumer of New York somewhat sarcastically remarked, “Hallelujah. He answered ‘yes.’ ”

Others criticized an innovation-only strategy for combating global warming.

“Republicans want to solve this problem with belief in the ‘innovation fairy’ — that the innovation fairy is going to come and sprinkle innovation pixie dust on this problem and make it go away,” said Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse, D-R.I. “If you put a price on carbon [emissions], you will see innovation happen in a minute. But you can’t just say the word ‘innovation.’ You’ve got to change the economic structure that will allow innovation to develop.”

FILE - Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse, D-R.I., speaks on Capitol Hill in Washington, Jan. 11, 2017.
Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse, D-R.I., speaks on Capitol Hill in Washington, Jan. 11, 2017. VOA

By contrast, Gore applauded any nascent bipartisan meeting of the minds on climate change.

“Acknowledging you have a problem is the first step in solving it,” she said. “Mitch McConnell has acknowledged something that has not been fully embraced by members of his party in recent years. I welcome the new voices to the table.”

Public opinion polls show Americans increasingly concerned about the effects of climate change, with a recent Reuters poll finding 72 percent of the public viewing warming temperatures as a threat.

Optimism, but not in short term

“I think a lot of what we saw in the Senate this week on climate change was both sides of the aisle responding to the broader political environment,” political analyst Molly Reynolds of the Washington-based Brookings Institution said. “If the Congress has the potential to act at all on large[-scale] climate legislation, it will almost certainly need some bipartisan support.”

But Reynolds added that prospects for sweeping legislation were dim for now.

“I’m not terribly optimistic about major legislation in Washington on anything over the next two years, climate or otherwise,” she said. “We have divided party control of Congress, and we are already well into what is going to be a contentious campaign for the White House in 2020. Those just aren’t terribly ripe conditions for much legislating on climate change.”

Senate Democrats all but conceded that point in unveiling their caucus’ special committee on the climate this week, suggesting that action was unlikely, so long as they were in the minority.

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“The truth is, we’re preparing to lay the predicate for action when and if Chuck Schumer becomes the majority leader of the Senate,” Hawaii Democrat Brian Schatz told reporters.

Moments after blocking debate on the Green New Deal, the Senate took up a bill to fund federal assistance to U.S. communities struck by climate-related natural disasters, from hurricanes to wildfires to flooding. (VOA)

Next Story

Here’s Why Automative Technology May Have Adverse Impact on Climate, Public Health

climate trade-off is much different on the regional scale, especially in areas with high vehicle densities

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Technology
While automative technology is credited with boosting fuel efficiency and reducing CO2 emissions, GDI engines produce more black carbon aerosols than traditional port fuel injection engines. Pixabay

New automotive technology that promises enhanced fuel efficiency may have a serious downside, including significant climate and public health impacts, a new study suggests.

The gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine is one of the most prominent technologies car manufacturers adopted to achieve the fuel economy and carbon dioxide emission goals established in 2012 by the US Environmental Protection Agency.

While this technology is credited with boosting fuel efficiency and reducing CO2 emissions, GDI engines produce more black carbon aerosols than traditional port fuel injection engines, according to the study published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology.

“Even though emissions from gasoline vehicles constitute a small fraction of the black carbon in the atmosphere, the vehicle emissions are concentrated in regions with high population densities, which magnifies their effect,” said study researcher Rawad Saleh, Assistant Professor at University of Georgia in the US.

The market share of GDI-equipped vehicles increased from 2.3 per cent in model year 2008 to 51 per cent in model year 2018. The EPA projects 93 per cent of vehicles in the US will be equipped with GDI engines by 2025. According to the study, researchers predicts the increase in black carbon emissions from GDI-powered vehicles will fuel climate warming in urban areas of the US that significantly exceeds the cooling associated with a reduction in CO2.

In addition, they believe the shift will nearly double the premature mortality rate associated with vehicle emissions, from 855 deaths annually to 1,599. The researchers estimate the annual social cost of these premature deaths at $5.95 billion. The increase of black carbon is an unintended consequence of the shift to GDI-equipped vehicles that some scientists suspected was based on experimental data, according to the researcher.

Technology
New automotive technology that promises enhanced fuel efficiency may have a serious downside, including significant climate and public health impacts. Pixabay

“This study is the first to place these experimental findings in a complex modeling framework to investigate the trade-off between CO2 reduction and an increase in black carbon,” Slah said. While previous research has reported the shift to GDI engines will result in net benefits for the global climate, the researchers said that these benefits are rather small and can only be realized on timescales of decades.

Meanwhile, the negative impact of black carbon can be felt instantaneously, they added.

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“Our research shows the climate trade-off is much different on the regional scale, especially in areas with high vehicle densities. In these regions, the climate burden induced by the increase in black carbon dominates over the climate benefits of the reduction in CO2,” said Saleh. (IANS)