Wednesday September 19, 2018

Resistance Training to Give Exercise Encouragement

The results suggest that finding intrinsic motivation for exercise and increasing confidence to maintain a physically active lifestyle contribute to continuing resistance training independently

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Weight Lifting. Pixabay
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Lack of motivation is a big factor for many people not following an exercise regime that they initially planned. But a few months of resistance training can change that by instilling in people an intrinsic interest in pursuing physical activity, suggests new research.

Resistance training can maintain and increase muscle strength and functional capacity when ageing and it is recommended for older adults at least twice a week.

It also improves exercise motivation and contributes to making exercise planning among older adults, according to the study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports.

The study investigated the effects of a nine-month supervised resistance training intervention on exercise motivation, exercise planning and exercise self-efficacy.

In addition, it was examined whether these factors predict the continuation of resistance training for the next year following the intervention.

Exercising
After completing the supervised resistance training intervention, nearly half of the participants (46 per cent) continued resistance training independently. Pixabay

The study involved 104 healthy 65-75-year-olds who did not meet physical activity guidelines for endurance exercise at baseline and did not have previous resistance training experience.

“Nine months of regular resistance training increased the intrinsic motivation for both training and physical activity in general: the subjects started to enjoy exercising,” said one of the researchers Tiia Kekalainen from the University of Jyvaskyla, Finland.

Additionally, exercise planning increased, indicating that the participants started to think about how to start and maintain a physically active lifestyle, Kekalainen said.

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After completing the supervised resistance training intervention, nearly half of the participants (46 per cent) continued resistance training independently.

Approximately half of them participated in resistance training on average once-a-week during the following year and the other half twice-a-week.

The results suggest that finding intrinsic motivation for exercise and increasing confidence to maintain a physically active lifestyle contribute to continuing resistance training independently. (IANS)

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Learn How Muscles Help Burn Fat During Exercise

Burning fat is likely to impact multiple aspects of metabolic health related to diabetes, heart disease and other conditions

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Further research revealed that BAIBA levels rise during exercise and are inversely associated with metabolic risk factors. Pixabay

Ever thought what helps burn fat across your body while exercising? According to a study, it is a molecule in our muscles that is produced during exercise and contributes to the beneficial effects of exercise on metabolism.

“Our finding bolsters the underlying notion that signals generated in exercising muscle are released into the circulation and influence other tissues such as fat cells and liver,” said senior author Robert Gerszten at Massachusetts General Hospital, the primary teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School.

The researchers knew that a protein called PGC-1? regulates metabolic genes in muscle and contributes to the response of muscle to exercise.

But how this protein conveys signals to other tissues was unclear so far.

Gerszten and his colleagues forced the expression of PGC-1? in muscle cells and then looked for metabolites that were secreted from the cells.

Exercise
BAIBA also decreased weight gain and helped balance blood sugar levels in mice, said the study published in the journal Cell Metabolism. Pixabay

They identified ?-aminoisobutyric acid (BAIBA) as one such metabolite and found that it increased fat cells’ expression of genes that are involved with burning calories.

BAIBA also decreased weight gain and helped balance blood sugar levels in mice, said the study published in the journal Cell Metabolism.

Further research revealed that BAIBA levels rise during exercise and are inversely associated with metabolic risk factors.

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“The findings suggest that BAIBA may contribute to exercise-induced protection from metabolic diseases. Manipulating BAIBA – or enzymes that generate BAIBA – may have therapeutic potential,” said Gerszten.

Burning fat is likely to impact multiple aspects of metabolic health related to diabetes, heart disease and other conditions, the study concluded.  (IANS)

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