Wednesday December 12, 2018
Home India Rice Cultivat...

Rice Cultivation: Here’s Why it is an Important Means of Livelihood in Northeastern India!

Around 61 per cent of gross cropped region in northeastern India is covered with rice

0
//
Rice cultivation requires extensive labor. Source: Pixabay
Republish
Reprint
  • The agricultural sector is a source of livelihood for many people in India’s northeast
  • Rice is the principal crop grown in this region
  • Rice cultivation requires intensive labor activity and water

Kohima (Nagaland), [India], July 20, 2017: People in northern plains of India earn their livelihood by working in the agricultural sector with over 70 per cent of the population practicing it. The main crop of northeast India is rice as it serves as the principal food crop of this terrain.

This area mostly houses evergreen forests which encourage the cultivation of rice, maize, pulses, and millets through shifting cultivation and terrace cultivation. However, Northeastern states’ main crop which covers approximately 61 per cent of the total cropped area is paddy. Therefore, farmers prefer rice seeds for planting.

With the monsoon season arriving, farmers residing in the Nagaland state have started their sowing activity.

ALSO READ: Black Rice cultivation? How a local farmer makes it a success story in Assam

A paddy field owner named J Asui said, “this is my paddy field and I work in a private institution. Since I cannot work fully in the paddy field, I had to employ laborers as daily wages. It is not that profitable but since I love to do cultivation, I used to do every year.”

According to the ANI report, the activities of plowing and seeding are mostly done in the months of June, July, and August and demand intensive labor. Rice seeds also require huge amounts of water.

Further, a worker Poonam Sore said, “We work as daily wagers at times we get work of paddy and during off season we work for things. This is owned by Naga’s and they pay us daily wages and we do farming for them. We also help them with the cutting of paddy corps.”

Rice covers around 61 per cent of total cropped region in northeastern India. Source: Pixabay

Likewise, paddy sowing has also been commenced in the hilly regions of Manipur.

The agricultural sector plays a role in the economic development and prosperity in the northeast area as rice is one of the most cultivated crops in this terrain of India.

-prepared by Harsimran Kaur of NewsGram. Twitter @Hkaur1025


NewsGram is a Chicago-based non-profit media organization. We depend upon support from our readers to maintain our objective reporting. Show your support by Donating to NewsGram. Donations to NewsGram are tax-exempt. 
Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2017 NewsGram

Next Story

Modi, BJP Looks To Lose State Votes, Congress May Get a Boost

Analysts have been warning it would be a mistake to rule out BJP wins in all main Hindi-speaking states

0
Modi, BJP
India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi addresses an election campaign rally ahead of the Karnataka state assembly elections in Bengaluru, India. VOA

When Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s party won a landslide in India’s last general election, in 2014, it grabbed almost all the parliamentary seats in the heartland states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh.

But his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) could be about to lose power in the three states – results of recent state assembly elections will be announced from early on Tuesday – which would raise huge questions over Modi’s bid for re-election in polls due by May.

Analysts say a big loss for the BJP in the states would indicate rural dismay and could help unite opposition to Modi, whose personal popularity remains high despite criticism he has not been able to keep a promise of creating jobs for young people and improving the lot of farmers.

Modi, Bank, BJP
India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi gestures as he addresses a gathering in New Delhi, India. VOA

Indian share markets and the rupee have already turned nervous, falling on Monday, the first trading day since exit polls said the BJP would lose Rajasthan, with the other two going down to the wire.

Equity analysts said the surprise resignation of the Reserve Bank of India governor, Urjit Patel, late on Monday after a long tiff with the government could send the markets crashing.

“As the three erstwhile BJP states have a large agrarian population, the BJP’s drubbing could be interpreted to mean that farm unrest is real, and the much vaunted increase in farm minimum support prices haven’t yielded material political dividends,” Nomura said in a research note.

“A rout of the BJP on its home-ground states should encourage cohesion among the opposition parties to strengthen the non-BJP coalition for the general elections.”

The central states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, and the western state of Rajasthan, together account for 65 of the 543 seats for the lower house of parliament. Several research firms have said markets could fall sharply if the BJP loses all the three states currently held by them.

Modi, Bank, BJP
Nitish Kumar Invited to Join NDA by Amit Shah After JDU-BJP Tie-up in Bihar.

Regional parties are likely to retain two other smaller sates, Telangana in the south and Mizoroma in the northeast, that also report results on Tuesday, the polls show.

The main opposition Congress party, led by Rahul Gandhi of the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty, has been trying to form a coalition of various regional groups, some headed by experienced firebrand, ambitious politicians.

Congress has already said it would not name Gandhi, who is seen as lacking experience, as a prime ministerial candidate, keeping in mind the “aspirations” of other opposition parties.

Opposition Gathering

Leaders of 21 opposition parties, including Gandhi and former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, also of the Congress, met in New Delhi on Monday as they sought to strengthen their stand against Modi.

In a likely boost for the opposition, a federal minister, Upendra Kushwaha, said on Monday he would pull his small party out of the BJP-led coalition.

India,India, elections, BJP
India’s Congress party President Rahul Gandhi displays documents as he accuses Narendra Modi’s government of buying 36 Rafale fighter jets from France’s Dassault at a highly inflated price, in New Delhi, India. VOA

Media has speculated he would join Modi’s opponents ahead of the general election.

The BJP says the planned opposition alliance would be fractious, would struggle to find focus and would be riven by competing interests.

The BJP has also cast doubt on the exit surveys, saying they have underestimated its performance in the three states.

Also Read: Narendra Modi Accuses Congress of Doing Divisive Politics

While analysts have been warning it would be a mistake to rule out BJP wins in all main Hindi-speaking states, they have also warned that the party has lost the narrative to an extent.

Sriram Karri, a political strategist and author, said the BJP government was losing its sheen because it was afraid to take “big bold moves,” like including fuel in a unified goods and services tax and cutting income tax. (VOA)