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Rice Cultivation: Here’s Why it is an Important Means of Livelihood in Northeastern India!

Around 61 per cent of gross cropped region in northeastern India is covered with rice

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Rice cultivation requires extensive labor. Source: Pixabay
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  • The agricultural sector is a source of livelihood for many people in India’s northeast
  • Rice is the principal crop grown in this region
  • Rice cultivation requires intensive labor activity and water

Kohima (Nagaland), [India], July 20, 2017: People in northern plains of India earn their livelihood by working in the agricultural sector with over 70 per cent of the population practicing it. The main crop of northeast India is rice as it serves as the principal food crop of this terrain.

This area mostly houses evergreen forests which encourage the cultivation of rice, maize, pulses, and millets through shifting cultivation and terrace cultivation. However, Northeastern states’ main crop which covers approximately 61 per cent of the total cropped area is paddy. Therefore, farmers prefer rice seeds for planting.

With the monsoon season arriving, farmers residing in the Nagaland state have started their sowing activity.

ALSO READ: Black Rice cultivation? How a local farmer makes it a success story in Assam

A paddy field owner named J Asui said, “this is my paddy field and I work in a private institution. Since I cannot work fully in the paddy field, I had to employ laborers as daily wages. It is not that profitable but since I love to do cultivation, I used to do every year.”

According to the ANI report, the activities of plowing and seeding are mostly done in the months of June, July, and August and demand intensive labor. Rice seeds also require huge amounts of water.

Further, a worker Poonam Sore said, “We work as daily wagers at times we get work of paddy and during off season we work for things. This is owned by Naga’s and they pay us daily wages and we do farming for them. We also help them with the cutting of paddy corps.”

Rice covers around 61 per cent of total cropped region in northeastern India. Source: Pixabay

Likewise, paddy sowing has also been commenced in the hilly regions of Manipur.

The agricultural sector plays a role in the economic development and prosperity in the northeast area as rice is one of the most cultivated crops in this terrain of India.

-prepared by Harsimran Kaur of NewsGram. Twitter @Hkaur1025


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All You Need To Know About India’s Strategic Chabahar Port

The Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar, which is on the Gulf of Oman, near Iran-Pakistan border.

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Chabahar Port is of great international significance in terms of trade, especially for India. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port is of great international significance in terms of trade, especially for India. Wikimedia Commons

By Ruchika Verma

  • The Chabahar Port is of great strategic importance for India
  • It is in Iran and is being built and operated by India
  • This port will increase India’s trade with Central Asia and Europe

The Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar, which is on the Gulf of Oman, near Iran-Pakistan border. Chabahar is the trans-shipment and logistics hub for the Makran Coast and Baluchistan province of Iran.

Chabahar Port is built and operated by India. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port is built and operated by India. Wikimedia Commons

The tension between India and Pakistan is nothing new. There are several instances where both the countries have tried to obstruct each other’s political or economic agendas. This obstruction, along with other strategic reasons, resulted in the India and Iran’s deal on the Chabahar Port, which is crucial because of several reasons.

Here are few things about it you may not have known before :

  • Under the Trilateral Transit and Transport Agreement of 2016, the Chabahar port is the gateway to the Transport Corridor between India, Iran and Afghanistan, which allows multi-modal goods’ and passengers’ transport.

Also Read: India and Iran sign agreement to develop Chabahar Port

  • The agreement also states that India will develop and operate two berths in the first phase of the port. The contract is for 10 years and extendable. This time period excludes the first two years as they will be used for construction.
Chabahar Port will make India's trade with Afghanistan easier. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port will make India’s trade with Afghanistan easier. Wikimedia Commons
  • The Chabahar Port’s first phase, which was developed by India, and inaugurated by Iran on 4th December 2017, is of great strategic importance as it makes it easier for India to conduct trade with Central Asia and Europe.
  • Iran’s Chabahar port is also important for India’s trade because of Pakistan’s reluctance in allowing India to send goods to Iran and Afghanistan through its land territory.

Also Read: Gwadar Port: China Turning Pakistan Port Into Regional Giant 

  • The development of Chabahar Port will increase the momentum of the International North-South Transport Corridor whose signatories include India, Afghanistan and Russia. Iran is the key gateway in this project. It will improve India’s trade with Central Asia as well as Europe.
    The Chabahar Port has also reduced Afghanistan’s dependence on the transit road, which went through Karachi. Now, trade can be conducted via Chabahar Port too. Islamabad has accused India of trying to use this development as a means to destabilise Pakistan.

    The Chabar Port is the said to be the counter to the Gwadar Port. Wikimedia Commons
    The Chabar Port is the said to be the counter to the Gwadar Port. Wikimedia Commons
  • The Chabahar Port also acts as a counter to the barely 100 km away, Gwadar port in Pakistan, which is developed by China. However, Iran has defended that Chabahar is not a rival to Gwadar and Pakistan is invited to join in its development.
  • In October 2017, India sent its first shipment of wheat to through Chabahar to Afghanistan, in order to test the viability of the route.
  • India will also construct a 900-km Chabahar-Zahedan-hajigak railway line that will connect Port of Chabahar to Hajigak in Afghanistan. It will also connect Mashad in the north, providing access to Turkmenistan as well as northern Afghanistan.This project is worth $1.6 billion.

    India will supply $400 million worth of steel rails to Tehrain. Wikimedia Commons
    India will supply $400 million worth of steel rails to Tehran. Wikimedia Commons
  • It is being said that India will supply $400 million of steel rails to Tehran. There are also possibilities of setting up a fertilizer plant through a joint venture with the Iranian government.