Tuesday January 21, 2020

Richer Countries Show Lower Trust in Vaccines

A global survey by the British health research charity Wellcome found that about 8 in 10 people

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vaccine preventable diseases
WHO reports Nigeria, India and Pakistan have the lowest vaccination rates. VOA

The majority of people worldwide think vaccines are safe but the doubters make it impossible to win the war on preventable illnesses.

A global survey by the British health research charity Wellcome found that about 8 in 10 people, or 79%, agreed that vaccines are safe, and 9 in 10 worldwide say their children have been vaccinated.

But in order to protect whole populations, immunization coverage rates must generally be above 90% or 95%, according to the World Health Organization.

The survey asked more than 140,000 people in 140 countries about their attitudes toward science and medicine.

Vaccines, Worldwide, Safe
The majority of people worldwide think vaccines are safe but the doubters make it impossible to win the war. Pixabay

It found that in wealthier nations, where rates of infectious diseases are low, people tend to be more skeptical about the safety of vaccines. While in poorer countries people believe vaccines to be safe, effective and important for children.

France led the list of countries with the most skeptics. A third of French people do not agree that immunization is safe, by contrast 98% of those in Bangladesh believe that vaccines are both safe and effective.

“And in some of these regions, greater scientific knowledge or levels of education is actually associated with less confidence in vaccines,” the report says. “This suggests that putting out more scientific information, or trying to educate more people, will not be enough to change minds on this issue.”

In North America, just 72% of those surveyed said vaccines were safe. The numbers were even lower in Europe — 59% in Western Europe and 40% in Eastern Europe.

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“Anxieties and public concerns about the safety of vaccines have always existed, but the rise of social media has allowed the spread of what UNICEF calls the ‘real infection of misinformation’ to much wider audiences,” the report says.

Vaccines have been credited for completely ridding the world of small pox and coming close to eliminating other diseases, such as polio.

But other illnesses are making a resurgence. In the U.S. alone, the number of measles cases this year has exceeded a thousand.

“I guess you could call it the ‘complacency effect,'” said Wellcome’s Imran Khan, who led the study. (VOA)

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Nokia Signs 63 Commercial 5G Contracts Worldwide

The company declared more than 2 000 5G patent families as essential for 5G, a year after making its first declarations for the standard

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Nokia has made several small to medium-sized acquisitions as part of a strategy to build up a standalone software business to deliver higher profit margins than its classic communications hardware products.
Headquarters of Nokia. Wikimdedia Commons

Finnish company Nokia on Thursday announced it has signed 63 commercial 5G contracts worldwide, positioning it as a global leader in the delivery of end-to-end 5G solutions.

The client list includes customers such as AT&T, Korea Telecom, LG Uplus, NTT DOCOMO, SK Telecom, SoftBank, Sprint, STC, T-Mobile US, Verizon, Vodafone Italy and Zain Saudi from the key 5G early adopter and progressive markets.

“This milestone highlights the quality and customer confidence in our 5G portfolio and we expect this to continue this year with the addition of many more new deals,” Tommi Uitto, President of Mobile Networks at Nokia, said in a statement.

The 63 signed commercial contracts exclude any other type of 5G agreements, such as paid network trials, pilots or demonstrations. If such agreements were to be included, the total number of 5G agreements would reach over 100, said the company.

“Our global end-to-end portfolio includes products and services for every part of a network, which are helping network operators to enable key 5G capabilities such as network slicing, distributed cloud and the industrial Internet of Things (IoT),” Uitto elaborated.

Nokia
Nokia also to cut jobs, says slow 5G progress not cause for layoffs. Pixabay

Nokia have more than 350 customers in 4G and the first 63 5G customers represent some two thirds of its global Radio Access Networks business in a typical year.

“Further, these 63 contracts — across low bands, middle bands and high bands, and across traditional and cloud network architectures — provide us with invaluable early experiences and insights for the benefit of the rest of the world. So, it is a great start”, the Nokia executive said.

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Nokia has globally available end-to-end product portfolio that covers all 5G network elements, including radio, core, cloud and transport as well as management, automation and security.

Approximately 60 per cent of Nokia’s 5G customers select more than just New Radio from its end-to-end portfolio.

The company declared more than 2 000 5G patent families as essential for 5G, a year after making its first declarations for the standard. (IANS)