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Rishi Agastya who figured out how to generate electricity was named Kumbodbhav meaning "Battery Born".

Science and Technology are timeless and it has been debated that the pre-historic Rishis of India were knowledgeable and learned individuals. It is believed that the knowledge was passed down to the rishis and sages by the Gods and Deities. When we go through the historical texts and scriptures there are mentions of weapons like Narayanastra which as described in Puranas was a fire missile of Lord Vishnu, Sudarshana Chakra, a fast-spinning disc weapon which generated a huge amount of energy as it moved, Vajra, the electric shock generator of Indra, etc. The ancient texts are the written evidence that an enormous amount of exchange of energy, fire, and electricity happened whenever war was fought in ancient India.

Maharishi Agastya, an eminent and distinguished individual even during the pre-historic era. He possessed the knowledge from the deities. He played a crucial role in ancient science and medicine, thus he is also known as the father of Indian electricity, science, and traditional medicine. Tens of thousands of years ago from today, Rishi Agastya figured out a basic formula to generate electricity, thus he was also named Kumbodbhav meaning "Battery Born".


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In the book 'Agastya Samhita' composed by Rishi Agastya, the sources related to power generation are found. The principles and codes written in this book to generate electricity require a tremendous amount of knowledge including how to make a battery. He mentions several theories to create clean energy by generating electricity with natural resources. A similar formula is used to create modern-day batteries.

Rishi Agastya used an earthen pot, copperplate, copper sulfate, wet sawdust as a separator, and zinc amalgam to make his battery. He elaborates on the process as – "Take an earthenware; put the copper sheet in it. Cover it first with copper sulfate and then with moist sawdust. After that, put a mercury-amalgamated zinc sheet on top of the sawdust to avoid polarization. The contact will produce an energy known by the twin name of Mitra-Varuna (anode-cathode). Water will be dividing by this current into Pranavayu and Udanavayu. A chain of 100 containers is said to give an extremely powerful force. Agastya Samhita also gives details of using electricity for electroplating. This signifies that Rishi Agastya enumerated a way of polishing copper, gold, and silver by battery.

Ancient Portable Battery A similar formula to Agastya's battery experiment is used to create modern-day batteries. Twitter


The entire information about Rishi Agastya's experiment was successfully exhibited on August 7, 1990, during the fourth general meeting of Swadeshi Vigyan Sanshodhan Sanstha in Nagpur, among all of the scholars. Through numerous experiments, it has been deducted that the cell prepared from the formula laid down by Rishi Agastya gives an open-circuit voltage of 1.138 volts and a short circuit current of 23 mA.

ALSO READ: Sanskrit cell to be set up in IITs to research ancient science

Rishi Agastya derived working experiments of aerodynamic batteries as well. Rishi Agastya's achievement as one of India's oldest and wisest rishi is a remarkable feat that indicates the lustrous and rich history of the country. Ancient India had progressed by many marks in the past, leaving behind the world and other countries in many fields. India's technology and study were much more advanced than what was initially manifested. These principles and experiments have supplemented modern-day scientists to build up further experiments and studies, on a basis of ancient knowledge. The usage of age-old concepts and ideas even in today's technologically advanced world is a remarkable feat and honour for Maharishi Agastya.

Keywords: Rishi Agastya, Portable Battery, Ancient Science, Indian technology, Agastya Samhita.


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